Elephantiasis: Hypertrophy and thickening of tissues from causes other than filarial infection, the latter being described as ELEPHANTIASIS, FILARIAL.Elephantiasis, Filarial: Parasitic infestation of the human lymphatic system by WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI or BRUGIA MALAYI. It is also called lymphatic filariasis.Filariasis: Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.Wuchereria bancrofti: A white threadlike worm which causes elephantiasis, lymphangitis, and chyluria by interfering with the lymphatic circulation. The microfilaria are found in the circulating blood and are carried by mosquitoes.Lymphedema: Edema due to obstruction of lymph vessels or disorders of the lymph nodes.Wuchereria: A genus of filarial nematodes.Filarioidea: A superfamily of nematodes of the suborder SPIRURINA. Its organisms possess a filiform body and a mouth surrounded by papillae.Brugia malayi: A species of parasitic nematode causing Malayan filariasis and having a distribution centering roughly on the Malay peninsula. The life cycle of B. malayi is similar to that of WUCHERERIA BANCROFTI, except that in most areas the principal mosquito vectors belong to the genus Mansonia.Brugia: A filarial worm of Southeast Asia, producing filariasis and elephantiasis in various mammals including man. It was formerly included in the genus WUCHERERIA.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.

*  Filarial Elephantiasis - Lymphatic Filariasis Summary Report | CureHunter
Known As: Lymphatic Filariasis ; Elephantiasis, Filarial; ... ; Elephantiases, Filarial; Filarial Elephantiases; Filariases, ... ; Lymphatic Filariases; Bancroftian Elephantiasis; Elephantiasis, Bancroftian; Filariasis, Lymphatic. "...
http://curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD004605-Filarial-Elephantiasis-Lymphatic-Filariasis.do
*  Search Results for "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)" "Moving image" "2000 and late
1. Subjects Elephantiasis, Filarial -- prevention control 1. Elephantiasis, Filarial -- therapy 1. Authors ... 1 Titles Lymphatic filariasis: hope for a better life 1. Formats ... search results for centers for disease control and prevention u s moving image and later skip navigation digital collections national library of medicine search search about help web service refine by collections tropical disease motion pictures subjects elephantiasis filarial prevention control elephantiasis filarial therapy authors centers for disease control and prevention u s titles lymphatic filariasis hope for a better life formats moving image languages english dates by range and later search you searched for authors centers for disease control and prevention u s remove constraint authors centers for disease control and pr...
http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/?f[drep2.authorAggregateDisplay][]=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)&f[drep2.format][]=Moving image&f[example_query_facet_field][]=years_2000&per_page=50
*  Search Results for "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)" "Elephantiasis, Filarial -- t
Prevention U.S. Elephantiasis, Filarial -- therapy Lymphatic filariasis: hope for a better life. Skip ... 1. Subjects Elephantiasis, Filarial -- prevention control 1. Elephantiasis, Filarial -- therapy 1. Authors...
http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/?f[drep2.authorAggregateDisplay][]=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)&f[drep2.subjectAggregateDisplay][]=Elephantiasis, Filarial -- therapy&f[drep2.titleSortDisplay][]=Lymphatic filariasis: hope for a better life
*  Lymphatic Filariasis | Karen Department of Health and Welfare
Lymphatic Filariasis. An estimated 120 million ... with lymphatic filariasis LF , commonly known as elephantiasis. LF is the second leading cause of...
https://kdhw.org/programs-activities/mobile-health-clinic/lymphatic-filariasis/
*  WHO | Filariasis
Filariasis. Skip to main content. Access. ... Health topics. Filariasis. Lymphatic filariasis is infection ... with the filarial worms, Wuchereria bancrofti , Brugia...
http://who.int/topics/filariasis/en/
*  Digital Collections - National Library of Medicine
Factual Films 1. Elephantiasis, Filarial -- prevention control 1. Elephantiasis, Filarial -- therapy 1. Epidemiologic ... digital collections national library of medicine skip navigation digital collections national library of medicine search search about help web service previous next a z sort numerical sort subjects united states lectures history th century history of medicine history th century national library of medicine u s acquired immunodeficiency syndrome history african americans blood specimen collection breast neoplasms colonialism history communicable disease control history cuba demography documentaries and factual films elephantiasis filarial prevention control elephantiasis filarial therapy epidemiologic studies expeditio...
http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/catalog/facet/drep2.subjectAggregateDisplay?f[drep2.format][]=Moving image&f[example_query_facet_field][]=years_2000&sort=drep3.titleSortDisplay asc
*  Search Results for "Elephantiasis, Filarial -- prevention & control"
Search Results for Elephantiasis, Filarial -- prevention control. Skip ... 1. Subjects Elephantiasis, Filarial -- prevention & control 1. Elephantiasis, Filarial -- therapy 1. Authors...
http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/?f[drep2.subjectAggregateDisplay][]=Elephantiasis, Filarial -- prevention & control
*  nature limits filarial: Topics by Science.gov
Nature limits filarial transmission PubMed Central Chandra, ... Proteins of Human Filarial Parasites PubMed Central Devoe, Neil C ... Proteins of Human Filarial Parasites. PubMed Panditi, Surekha;...
http://science.gov/topicpages/n/nature limits filarial.html
*  filarial - Definition
filarial definition help contact ... sitemap filarial definition home dictionary ... dictionary help filarial medical dictionary pertaining to a...
http://mondofacto.com/facts/dictionary?filarial
*  Browsing by Issue Date
on acquisition of filarial infection, we examined the development ... and anti-filarial IgG4 in all ages of a naive population...
http://repository.unhas.ac.id/browse?order=ASC&rpp=20&sort_by=2&etal=-1&offset=140&type=dateissued
*  Elephantiasis nostras
... is a cutaneous condition a final hypertrophic fibrosis following longstanding chronic lymphangitis symptoms causes treatment see also references symptoms the disease usually affects the lower legs or scrotum lin p phillips t vascular disorders ulcers in bolognia jl jorizzo jl rapini rp eds dermatology p mosby isbn the swelling is accompanied by rough nodules or wart like plaques on the skin if the disease is not treated it eventually results in pain and immobility scheinfeld ns consultant causes although elephantiasis nostras resembles the elephantiasis caused by helminths it is not a filarial disease instead it is a complication of chronic lymphedema both elephantiasis nostras and filarial elephantiasis are characterized by impaired lymphatic drainage which results in excess fluid accumulation treatment treatment consists of antibiotics elevation of the affected limb and compression for persons with elephantiasis nostras who are overweight or obese weight loss is recommended oral retinoids have been use...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantiasis_nostras
*  DermIS - Elephantiasis Nostras following recidiv. Erysipelas (Information sur le diagnostic)
dermis elephantiasis nostras following recidiv erysipelas information sur le diagnostic doia pedoia modules d information organisations feed back de l usager info connexe doia same page in doia diagnostics differentiels lymphogranuloma venereum lgv chromoblastomycose papillomatosis cutis carcinoides gottron eisenlohr neurofibromatose myxoedema pretibial liens connexes search www google fr for elephantiasis nostras following recidiv erysipelas phrase de recherche alphab tique a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z localisation elephantiasis nostras following recidiv erysipelas definition synonymes elephantiasis nostras following recidiv erysipelas images...
http://dermis.net/dermisroot/fr/25770/diagnosep.htm
*  Podoconiosis, a neglected tropical disease (PDF Download Available)
Podoconiosis, a neglected tropical disease PDF Download Available. Article Podoconiosis, a neglected tropical disease. 5, ISSN 03 0 0 -2 9 7 7 published in collaboration with the netherlands association of internal medicine Podoconiosis: a neglected tropical disease • Severe pulmonary manifestation of leptospirosis • Changing prevalence of upper GI endoscopic diagnoses • Hepatitis due to herpes simplex infection • Monoclonal B-cell lymphocytosis in daily practice • Internists’ willingness to disclose medical errors • Rank-L inhibitor treatment for hypercalcaemia “Pythons and a palmar rash: what is your diagnosis?” Page 2 j u ne 2 012, vo l. +31 0 64-2993008, e-mail: d.a.korevaar@amc.uva.nl a b st r aC t Podoconiosis or ‘endemic non-filarial elephantiasis’ is a tropical disease caused by exposure of bare feet to irritant alkaline clay soils. K e y Wor ds Elephantiasis, mossy foot disease, neglected tropical disease, non-filarial elephantiasis, podoconiosis i n t rodUC t ion Podoconiosis is a tropical disease c...
http://researchgate.net/publication/228088785_Podoconiosis_a_neglected_tropical_disease
*  Healt: Elephant Leg Disease (or Elephantiasis Filariasis)
Healt: Elephant Leg Disease or Elephantiasis Filariasis. Home Medicine Info Info Of Sickness Plant Health Healthy Living Pattern Login. Elephant Leg Disease or Elephantiasis Filariasis. Elephant Leg Disease or Elephantiasis Filariasis. Elephant Leg Disease or Elephantiasis Filariasis is a group of infectious disease caused by Filaria worms that are transmitted through various species of mosquitoes. This disease is chronic chronic and if not treated, can cause permanent disabilities such as enlargement of the legs, arms and genitals both women and men. # Transmission Elephant Leg Disease. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes which suck the blood of someone who had contracted earlier. Infected blood and contain larvae and would be transmitted to another person when an infected mosquito bite or suck the blood of that person. Because of this, filariasis can spread very quickly. A person infected with elephantiasis disease usually occurs in childhood, where in a long time many years began to be felt developmen...
http://health-center-solution.blogspot.com/2010/08/elephant-leg-disease-or-elephantiasis.html
*  Haiti Moves A Step Closer Toward Eradicating Elephantiasis | WNKU
Haiti Moves A Step Closer Toward Eradicating Elephantiasis. WNKU. Donate. Menu. Support WNKU. Join the CD of the Month Club. Donate a Vehicle. Shop Support. Planned Giving. Employer Matching Gifts. Music. News Reviews. Studio 89 Sessions. Tiny Desk Concerts. CD of the Month. The Top 89. Playlists. Community Stories. Events. Job Opportunities. Menu. Support WNKU. Join the CD of the Month Club. Donate a Vehicle. Shop Support. Planned Giving. Employer Matching Gifts. Music. News Reviews. Studio 89 Sessions. Tiny Desk Concerts. CD of the Month. The Top 89. Playlists. Community Stories. Events. Job Opportunities. Haiti Moves A Step Closer Toward Eradicating Elephantiasis By. VIEW SLIDESHOW 1 of 2 Boys at the L'Ecole Les Freres Clement elementary school in Jacmel, Haiti, line up to take deworming pills that protect against elephantiasis. VIEW SLIDESHOW 2 of 2 Two women with elephantiasis wait at a hospital in Leogane, Haiti, in May 2012. The latest effort by the Haitian Ministry of Health now puts the country on tr...
http://wnku.org/post/haiti-moves-step-closer-toward-eradicating-elephantiasis
*  Haiti Moves A Step Closer Toward Eradicating Elephantiasis | KCUR
Haiti Moves A Step Closer Toward Eradicating Elephantiasis. KCUR. Donate. Programs. Program Guide. All Programs. NPR News. Events Calendar. Ways to Give. Donate Now. Volunteer. Donate Your Vehicle. Business. Planned Giving. Membership FAQs. Leadership Circle. Ways to Connect. Facebook. Twitter. Generation Listen KC. Tell KC. Contact Us. Info. Contact Us. Program Guide. Programs. Program Guide. All Programs. NPR News. VIEW SLIDESHOW 1 of 2 Boys at the L'Ecole Les Freres Clement elementary school in Jacmel, Haiti, line up to take deworming pills that protect against elephantiasis. VIEW SLIDESHOW 2 of 2 Two women with elephantiasis wait at a hospital in Leogane, Haiti, in May 2012. Haiti has waged other campaigns against the condition, characterized by severe disfiguration of the legs and arms. The latest effort by the Haitian Ministry of Health now puts the country on track to wipe out elephantiasis within the next four years, says a study published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Elephantiasis — ...
http://kcur.org/post/haiti-moves-step-closer-toward-eradicating-elephantiasis
*  Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa of the ears. - PubMed - NCBI
- PubMed - NCBI Warning: The NCBI web site requires JavaScript to function. NCBI. Resources. All Resources. Chemicals Bioassays. BioSystems. PubChem BioAssay. PubChem Compound. PubChem Structure Search. PubChem Substance. All Chemicals Bioassays Resources... DNA RNA. BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool. BLAST Stand-alone. E-Utilities. GenBank. GenBank: BankIt. GenBank: Sequin. Genome Workbench. Influenza Virus. Nucleotide Database. Primer-BLAST. ProSplign. Reference Sequence RefSeq. Sequence Read Archive SRA. Trace Archive. All DNA RNA Resources... Data Software. BLAST Basic Local Alignment Search Tool. BLAST Stand-alone. Conserved Domain Search Service CD Search. E-Utilities. GenBank: BankIt. GenBank: Sequin. Genome ProtMap. Genome Workbench. Primer-BLAST. ProSplign. PubChem Structure Search. Vector Alignment Search Tool VAST. All Data Software Resources... Domains Structures. BioSystems. Conserved Domain Database CDD. Conserved Domain Search Service CD Search. Vector Alignment Search Tool VAST. All Doma...
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7094628
*  E Cape hospital refuses to treat elephantiasis patient | News | National | M&G
E Cape hospital refuses to treat elephantiasis patient. MG Africa. News National Africa World Environment Sport Health Data Amabhungane. E Cape hospital refuses to treat elephantiasis patient. A woman suffering from elephantiasis, a skin and tissue disease caused by parasitic worms, has been refused treatment at an Eastern Cape hospital. A 37-year-old woman with elephantiasis has laid a complaint against the Livingstone hospital in Port Elizabeth after she was turned away without treatment, the Eastern Cape health department said on Monday. He said the woman claimed her she had open wounds and was in extreme pain as the result of the disease. Kupelo said that, according to the woman, she had been diagnosed with elephantiasis in 2006. Kupelo said the department was also going to take the matter further and try to help the woman with medical assistance. Livingstone hospital. Department of Health. elephantiasis. Online Edition. Press Offices Angel Furniture ArcelorMittal Avaya Autopilot Workflow Solutions Barlow...
http://mg.co.za/article/2012-02-20-elephantiasis-sufferer-turned-away-by-doctors
*  What is Elephantiasis?
What is Elephantiasis. Home. Thought Leaders Series. Insights from Industry Series. MediKnowledge Series. Research White Papers. News Feed. News A-Z. Health A-Z. Drugs A-Z. Clinical Diagnostics. Life Science Laboratory. Consumer Products. About. Meet the Team. Terms and Conditions. Medical News 'Tweets'. LIFE SCIENCES MEDICINE. October 6, 2015. Other search tools: Drugs. Health. News. Newsletters. Contact Us. Advertisement. Trending Stories Brain health: how can you reduce cognitive decline. An interview with Heather Snyder, Ph.D. CHOP scientist says that mitochondria play central role in human evolution, disease. Neuroscientists reveal the brain malady responsible for tinnitus, chronic pain. Study explores relationship between mental health and parenting. EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial demonstrates superiority of Jardiance in T2D patients at risk for CV events. Unique molecule can bind HIV-infected cells to killer T cells. Advertisement. Latest News Nivolumab, ipilimumab duo effective in poor prognosis advanced mela...
http://news-medical.net/health/What-is-Elephantiasis.aspx
*  Elephantiasis
... infobox symptom name elephantiasis image elephanti jpg alt caption a female with elephantiasis tropica field infectious disease general surgery diseasesdb icd icd...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantiasis
*  Elephantiasis - IRIN Films
elephantiasis irin films film photo elephantiasis elephantiasis affects millions of people worldwide and although it can be prevented the disease has no cure and access to treatment in the developing world is hampered by stigma and poor health infrastructure kenya recent films by theme by country gaza fire when the war came back the inside story on emergencies abandoned in the borderlands american odysseys ultimate betrayal hate unleashed women behind bars more films health nutrition yemen a scarred generation mali the tour guide myanmar awaiting change birth of a new nation more films on health nutrition heroes of hiv the reverend somalia soldiers stories nodding disease home alone copyright irin all rights reserved...
http://newsite.irinnews.org/film/4374/Elephantiasis
*  Parasitic Worm Genome Gives Insight into Elephantiasis - NIH Research Matters - National Institutes
... of Health NIH. *** This page is archived and provided for reference purposes only ***. Department of Health Human Services. Search the NIH Website. HealthCare.gov. More Health Information. Search Health Topics Search Health Topics Quick Links MedlinePlus Health Info. NIH News in Health. Grants Funding Funding Opportunities NIH Guide. Search the NIH Guide Search the NIH Guide NIH Guide advanced search Quick Links RePORT. News Events News Releases. More News Events. Quick Links NIH News in Health. NIH Research Matters. Institutes at NIH Office of the Director. Directors of NIH Institutes and Centers. More About the Institutes at NIH. The NIH Director. October 2007 Archive NIH Research Matters NIH Research Matters Story Archive. Scientists have sequenced the genome of a tiny threadlike worm that can live for a decade in the human body and cause the debilitating disease elephantiasis, a painful and extreme enlargement of limbs and other body parts. The worm, Brugia malayi, is one of several related parasites...
http://nih.gov/researchmatters/october2007/10012007worm.htm
*  Elephantiasis picture needed!
elephantiasis picture needed elephantiasis picture needed his satanic majesty eskdale at mindspring com wed dec est previous message sample analysis slide mailers o p kits next message integrated control of cowdriosis and dermatophilosis of ruminants messages sorted by kevin wrote in article f fb at techunix technion ac il boaz zarad at techunix technion ac il wrote hi does anyone out there have the picture of the elephant man who s david lynch s movie was based upon john merrick please email it to me i need it for an essay i m preparing i think you need to work on the text more before you start on the figures merrick sufferred from neurofibromatosis type i maybe that is controversial check it out but he certainly did not suffer from elepahantiasis they are completely unrelated diseases seems to me that any essay about the guy should at least start with some consideration of his disease since that is what made him famous i agree elephantiasis is a swelling of any limb despite the common belief that it pertain...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/parasite/1996-December/001850.html
*  Template:Did you know nominations/podoconiosis
... Category:DYK/Successful nominations from January 2013 podoconiosis Category:Passed DYK nominations from January 2013 : The following is an archived discussion of podoconiosis 's DYK nomination. Please do not modify this page. Subsequent comments should be made on the appropriate discussion page; such as this archived nomination "s. talk page, the nominated article 's. talk page, or the Podoconiosis. 100x100px|Ethiopian farmer affected by podoconiosis. that an estimated four million people worldwide suffer from ' podoconiosis ' ' pictured '. Created by Furorimpius talk. Self nom at 03:44, 22 January 2013 UTC. But the hook with an offline citation does not say what the article says: the article says that the number affected is "estimated". Also the article requires rather more in the way of citations, especially in the Signs and symptoms, and in the Differential diagnosis sections - and elsewhere. These are only small flaws in what is otherwise a pretty good article. -- Peter I. Vardy talk 16:04, 24 Januar...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Did_you_know_nominations/podoconiosis
*  Elephantiasis arabum
... redirect lymphatic filariasis category parasitic infestations stings and bites of the skin...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantiasis_arabum
*  Podoconiosis
... infobox disease name podoconiosis image ethiopian farmer affected by podoconiosis nih march jpg alt caption bilateral lower extremity swelling and mossy hyperkeratotic papillomata characteristic of podoconiosis width px field medical genetics diseasesdb icd icd...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podoconiosis
*  Search Results for "Lymphatic filariasis: hope for a better life"
search results for lymphatic filariasis hope for a better life skip navigation digital collections national library of medicine search search about help web service refine by collections tropical disease motion pictures subjects elephantiasis filarial prevention control elephantiasis filarial therapy authors centers for disease control and prevention u s titles lymphatic filariasis hope for a better life formats moving image languages english dates by range and later search you searched for titles lymphatic filariasis hope for a better life remove constraint titles lymphatic filariasis hope for a better life start over to of search results lymphatic filariasis hope for a better life author s centers for disease control and prevention u s publisher washington dc public health foundation subject s elephantiasis filarial therapy elephantiasis filarial prevention control copyright privacy accessibility site map viewers and players u s national library of medicine rockville pike bethesda md national institutes of ...
http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/?f[drep2.titleSortDisplay][]=Lymphatic filariasis: hope for a better life
*  Search Results for "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)" "Moving image" "Lymphatic fil
search results for centers for disease control and prevention u s moving image lymphatic filariasis hope for a better life and later skip navigation digital collections national library of medicine search search about help web service refine by collections tropical disease motion pictures subjects elephantiasis filarial prevention control elephantiasis filarial therapy authors centers for disease control and prevention u s titles lymphatic filariasis hope for a better life formats moving image languages english dates by range and later search you searched for authors centers for disease control and prevention u s remove constraint authors centers for disease control and prevention u s formats moving image remove constraint formats moving image titles lymphatic filariasis hope for a bette...
http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/?f[drep2.authorAggregateDisplay][]=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)&f[drep2.format][]=Moving image&f[drep2.titleSortDisplay][]=Lymphatic filariasis: hope for a better life&f[example_query_facet_field][]=years_2000
*  Search Results for "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)" "2000 and later"
Search Results for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S. 2000 and later. Skip Navigation Digital Collections - National Library of Medicine. . Search... Search. . About Help Web Service. Refine by: Collections Tropical Disease Motion Pictures 1. Subjects Elephantiasis, Filarial -- prevention control 1. Elephantiasis, Filarial -- therapy 1. Authors Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S. 1 Titles Lymphatic filariasis: hope for a better life 1. Formats Moving image 1. Languages English 1. Dates by Range 2000 and later 1. Search You searched for:. Authors Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S. Remove constraint Authors: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S. Dates by Range 2000 and later Remove constraint Dates by Range: 2000 and later Start Over 1 to 1 of 1. Search Results 1. Lymphatic filariasis: hope for a better life. Author s : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention U.S. Publisher: Washington, DC : Public Health Foundation, 2000 Subject s : Elephantiasis, Filarial -- ...
http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/?f[drep2.authorAggregateDisplay][]=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)&f[example_query_facet_field][]=years_2000
*  DermIS - 鼡径リンパ肉腫症 (診断情報)
dermis 鼡径リンパ肉腫症 診断情報 doia pedoia information modules organisations user input info 関連情報 pedoia pedoiaに同ページあり 鑑別診断 ツラレミア ネコ引っ掻き病 皮膚腺病 皮膚放線菌症 第 期梅毒 軟性潰瘍 性病性肉芽腫 スポロトリコーシス症 尿道癌 陰茎扁平上皮癌 elephantiasis nostras following recidiv erysipelas クローン病 痔瘻 膿瘍 逆性痤瘡 汗腺膿瘍 集簇性痤瘡 リンク search www google jp for 鼡径リンパ肉腫症 medline mesh ひらがな検索 あ い う え お か き く け こ さ し す せ そ た ち つ て と な に ぬ ね の は ひ ふ へ ほ ま み む め も や ゆ よ ら り る れ ろ わ 部位別検索 鼡径リンパ肉腫症 definition クラミジア トラコマチスの血清型によって起こる 亜急性の鼡径リンパ節腫脹 鼡径リンパ肉腫症は 殆ど性交によってのみ伝播され 殆どの場合 熱帯および亜熱帯諸国で発生する 肉芽腫カリマトバクテリウムによって起こる性病性肉芽腫とは区別しなければならない synonyms 鼡径リンパ肉腫症 性病性リンパ肉腫 性病性リンパ管症 気候性横痃 ニコラ ファーヴル病 durand ニコラ ファーヴル病 亜急性化膿性鼡径リンパ腫症 images...
http://dermis.net/dermisroot/ja/15249/diagnose.htm
*  DermIS - クロモミコーシス (診断情報)
DermIS - クロモミコーシス 診断情報. DOIA. PeDOIA. Information Modules. Organisations. User Input. Info. 関連情報 DOIA DOIAに同ページあり 鑑別診断 疣贅状尋常性狼瘡 0 皮膚疣状結核 0 黒色菌糸症 0 カポジー肉腫 0 血管肉腫 0 Elephantiasis Nostras following recidiv. Erysipelas 0 リンク Search www.google.jp for 'クロモミコーシス'. ひらがな検索 あ い う え お か き く け こ さ し す せ そ た ち つ て と な に ぬ ね の は ひ ふ へ ほ ま み む め も や ゆ よ ら り る れ ろ わ. 部位別検索. クロモミコーシス definition 各種フィアロフォラ属およびクラドスポリウム属によって起こる皮膚および皮下組織の慢性感染疾患である。病原菌は、通常、地中または木材中に存在し、外傷した場合に、例えば木材破片によって皮膚内に達する菌が問題となる。臨床的徴候はまず、末梢で発生しこれが拡大し疣状斑となる、鱗屑を有する丘疹によって特徴づけられる。最終的に、大きい過角化病変が形成される。好発部位は、特に足、下肢、上肢および頚部である。通常、皮膚変化は非疼痛性であるが、二次感染によりそう痒刺激および疼痛を起こすことがある. synonyms クロモミコーシス. images....
http://dermis.net/dermisroot/ja/16379/diagnosep.htm
*  DermIS - 全身性神経線維腫症(レックリングハウゼン) (症例写真)
dermis 全身性神経線維腫症 レックリングハウゼン 症例写真 doia pedoia information modules organisations user input info 関連情報 previous image next image 診断詳細情報 全身性神経線維腫症 レックリングハウゼン 鑑別診断 プロテウス症候群 虹彩黒色腫 扁平母斑 円柱腫 神経線維腫 elephantiasis nostras following recidiv erysipelas カフェ オ レ斑 レパード症候群 ネイム症候群 雀卵斑 色素性乾皮症 ひらがな検索 あ い う え お か き く け こ さ し す せ そ た ち つ て と な に ぬ ね の は ひ ふ へ ほ ま み む め も や ゆ よ ら り る れ ろ わ 部位別検索 全身性神経線維腫症 レックリングハウゼン copyright dermis 症例写真の説明 診断 部位 病巣 詳細 全身性神経線維腫症 レックリングハウゼン 患者情報 年齢...
http://dermis.net/dermisroot/ja/23551/imagep.htm
*  Daylilies: East Tennessee Red Clay "soil" & Daylilies
... About Us Sign Up Log in HOME GUIDES INFORMATION COMMUNITIES GARDEN SHOWCASE PRODUCTS SOURCES. Forums Plant and Seed Trading Gardening Journals My Journal Gardening Blogs My Blog Member List Contests. Follow Dave's Garden. Daylilies: East Tennessee Red Clay "soil" & Daylilies Communities > Forums > Daylilies. Forum: Daylilies Replies: 2, Views: 52. Add to Bookmarks -. Author Content. etnredclay Spring City, TN June 12, 2012 8:24 PM Post #9162978. No typical topsoil unless I bring it in. What we have is red clay mixed with a little limestone churt busted up soft pieces the size of small pebbles or large grains of sand but it's no where near enough to make the clay "livable"... however we're on a steep hill so lots of natural drainage. I've got 1y home-grown compost horse manure & straw - it came out of the neighbor's stable dump pile that way and double digging it into the clay beds. And since I have a LOT of pinetrees, pine needles get incorporated whether I like it or not, year round. I can add something...
http://davesgarden.com/community/forums/t/1264778/
*  WHO | APOC statement on the 2015 annual letter of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
APOC statement on the 2015 annual letter of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control APOC. APOC statement on the 2015 annual letter of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. We in APOC received the 2015 Annual letter of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with great excitement and appreciation particularly their new bet ‘We'll also see the last of diseases like elephantiasis, river blindness, and blinding trachoma, which disable tens of millions of people in poor countries.’ The publication of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s annual letter, further promotes the importance of 2015 as a year for change, and a turning point in the broader community embracing this opportunity to have a major impact. Last year alone APOC led the treatment more than 100 million for river blindness and contributed to efforts to eliminate other NTDs such as elephantiasis and trachoma which are two of the other neglected tropical diseases betted for eradication by 2030. It’s a year that will...
http://who.int/apoc/homepage/en/
*  Access to diabetes care in northern Ethiopia | International Diabetes Federation
. Access to diabetes care in northern Ethiopia. International Diabetes Federation. Skip to main content. Who we are. Mission. Values. Structure. Board. President. President-Elect. General Assembly. Executive Office. Regions. Africa. About. Activities. Events. Life for a Child. Associations. Regional data. News. Europe. About us. Structure. IDF Europe President. IDF Europe President-Elect. IDF Europe Board. IDF Europe Staff. What we do. Annual Reports. Who we work with. Advocacy. ExPAND. Members. Toolkit. EU Elections 2014. EU Elections Toolkit. Diabetes Pledge. EU Elections Monthly Focus. Policy Issues. EU-funded projects. IDF Advocacy Campaigns. Advocacy and Communications Toolkit. Raising Awareness. Policy Puzzle 4th Edition. Errata - Policy Puzzle 4th edition. World Diabetes Day Campaigns. WDD 2014. WDD 2013. WDD 2012. WDD 2011. WDD 2010. Produce evidence. Access to diabetes care in Europe. Sub-regional analysis. Country Profiles. The Policy Puzzle. Country Reports. Partnerships. Members. Member associatio...
http://idf.org/diabetesvoice/articles/access-to-diabetes-care-in-northern-ethiopia-0?page=15&language=ru
*  IJHG | Full text | Modelling environmental factors correlated with podoconiosis: a geospatial study
ijhg full text modelling environmental factors correlated with podoconiosis a geospatial study of non filarial elephantiasis ij healthgeographics com article x bottom top biomed central journals gateways search ijhg biomed central for go advanced search home articles authors reviewers about this journal my ijhg top abstract background results discussion conclusion methods competing interests authors contributions acknowledgements references international journal of health geographics volume viewing options abstract full text pdf mb epub kb additional files associated material pubmed record article metrics open badges readers comments related literature cited by google blog search other articles by authors on google scholar molla yb wardrop na le blond js baxter p newport mj atkinson pm davey g on pubmed molla yb wardrop na le blond js baxter p newport mj atkinson pm davey g related articles pages on google on google scholar on pubmed tools download references download xml order reprints post a comment downloa...
http://ij-healthgeographics.com/content/13/1/24
*  Red Clay Revival - Better than fresh cut grass..
red clay revival better than fresh cut grass news tour media bio merchandise contact media content all content copyright download a new track from our upcoming release watching chair ft keller williams tim carbone click here to download artwork booking info interested in booking the doug mcelvy s red clay revival contact our event coordinator for information regarding possible reservations for upcoming dates red clay revival all rights reserved design by james e buttram contact us...
http://redclayrevival.com/media.html
*  .. Cheap Cures for Obscure Diseases .. In Latin America, little-known infections are as harmful as
Cheap Cures for Obscure Diseases In Latin America, little-known infections are as harmful as malaria or HIV, but their treatment is cheap. Collectively, the burden of these diseases in Latin America is at least as great as that of HIV, malaria or tuberculosis, according to a report  published in the journal by the Public Libraries of Science, or PLoS. Elephantiasis, river blindness, and snail fever are on the shortlist of parasitic diseases that could be wiped out of the western hemisphere by 2012. That is according to Steven Ault, a parasitic disease expert at the Pan-American Health Organization and co-author of the PLoS report. In the coming weeks the Inter-American Development Bank IDB, should have a figure for the cost of a full regimen of treatments to combat neglected diseases in Latin America.  It may approach $200 million, according to Kari Stoever, a tropical disease control expert who works at the Sabin Vaccine Institute in coordination with the IDB’s health sector. The Sabin institute has a hoo...
http://scienceline.org/2009/01/health-goodier-tropical-diseases/
*  .. Post navigation .. Even a Worm Will Turn
Even a Worm Will Turn. By: Virginia Hughes. March 6, 2012 This worm is born to travel. It begins life in human lymph, only to seep out of the lymphatic vessels into the grimy fluid that bathes our organs. From there, it drifts into the blood stream. During the day, it keeps to deep veins. Once darkness falls, it migrates up to the skinny veins just under the skin. Then one lucky night, a mosquito will find the sleeping human and feast on its blood. The worm will end up in the insect’s gut and, eventually, in its muscles. It will reach adolescence there, and then travel to the mosquito’s head, stinger and, finally, to the next person the insect bites. From the blood stream, the worm will find its way back to the lymph to mate and, after such a long journey, retire. It will stay there for six to eight years, the rest of its life, and pump out millions of new little worms to embark on the same cross-species adventure. Unfortunately, the health of these worms, called parasitic filarial nematodes, is in direct co...
http://lastwordonnothing.com/2012/03/06/even-a-worm-will-turn/comment-page-1/
*  Sciblogs | giant scrotal elephantiasis
Alison Campbell on killer neandertals does this one really stack up. Our Blogs A Measure of Science 91 Ariadne 132 BioBlog 424 Chthonic Wildlife Ramblings 131 Code for life 907 Crikey Creek 88 Diplomatic Immunity 23 Field Work 37 Forensic Scientist 132 Griffin's Gadgets 419 Guest Work 193 Honest Universe 39 Hot Topic 1142 Ice Doctor 25 Infectious Thoughts 237 Infrequently Asked Questions 40 Kidney Punch 139 Mind Matters 0 Molecular Matters 429 Nano Girl 53 News 15 Open Parachute 783 Physics Stop 577 Pointing At Science 73 Politecol 49 Public Health Expert 80 Scibooks 33 Skepticon 113 Sleep on it 25 Southern Genes 85 Stick 207 The Atavism 150 The Dismal Science 1406 The Nature of Things 0 The Nervy Nomad 15 The Psychologizer 4 Up and Atom 4 Vantage Point 1 Videos 171 Visibly Shaken 50 Waiology 153 Our Bloggers. Our Blogs A Measure of Science 91 Ariadne 132 BioBlog 424 Chthonic Wildlife Ramblings 131 Code for life 907 Crikey Creek 88 Diplomatic Immunity 23 Field Work 37 Forensic Scientist 132 Griffin's Gadgets ...
http://sciblogs.co.nz/bioblog/2010/07/19/giant-scrotal-elephantiasis/
*  Meaning of naevoid
... meanings crossword category calendar more all words a to z all sources popular words webster s dictionary news enzyklo de encyclo nl search naevoid a resembling a naevus or naevi as naevoid elephantiasis a resembling a naevus or naevi as naevoid elephantiasis found on http thinkexist com dictionary meaning naevoid naevoid nevoid naevoid neviform associated with nevi referring to any lesion containing melanocytes or a birthmark found on http www wordinfo info words index info view unit no exact match found follow us on facebook recent searches meaning of ctfu meaning of nostalgic meaning of voluptuous meaning of perspective meaning of naevoid meaning of dias meaning of autoecholalia meaning of salol meaning of feudalist meaning of aggregate meaning of fetoglobulins meaning of tab...
http://encyclo.co.uk/meaning-of-naevoid
*  The Planted Tank Forum - View Single Post - Red clay and water color...
... Google search. VB search. Search. Forums. The Planted Tank Information. Important Update/Announcements. General Planted Tank Forums. General Planted Tank Discussion. Local Pet Stores, Clubs, and Conventions. Low Tech Forum. Planted Nano Tanks. Tank Journals. Specific Aspects of a Planted Tank. Equipment. Lighting. Substrate. Aquascaping. Fertilizers and Water Parameters. Algae. Fish. Shrimp Other Invertebrates. Plants. General Forums. ACUREL Aquarium and Pond Care. Aquascape Depot. Aquatic Garden. Aqua Forest Aquarium. Aquatek of California. AQUATOP Aquatic Supplies - Planted Aquaria. Green Leaf Aquariums. QShrimp. Today's Posts. The Planted Tank Forum >. Content Wrapper. Thread : Red clay and water color... View Single Post. post #3 of. Old 12-25-2012, 01:27 PM. Lurch98. Algae Grower. View User Tanks PTrader: 16/100% Join Date: Oct 2011 Location: Montgomery, Alabama Posts: 135. Your cap will help keep it out of the water column in normal day to day use. If you have a high clay volume in your substrate, ...
http://plantedtank.net/forums/2123674-post3.html
*  Carl von Liebermeister
... thumb px karl von liebermeister carl von liebermeister february december was a german internist who was a native of ronsdorf in he received his medical degree from greifswald and in became an assistant to felix von niemeyer at the university of tübingen in he became a professor of pathology in basel and in returned to tübingen as a successor to dr niemeyer liebermeister is remembered for his work involving the pathophysiology of fever and research of anti pyretic treatments such as hydrotherapy his name is associated with a dictum dealing with the relationship between the frequency of an individual s pulse and the body s temperature when feverish liebermeister s rule states that in adult febrile tachycardia pulse beats increase at a rate of approximately eight beats per minute to each degree celsius liebermeister s rule body temperature and fever liebermeister was interested in many facets of medicine publishing articles on a wide array of subjects among his better known writings was handbuch der patholo...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_von_Liebermeister
*  IMA World Health
... 'IMA World Health' is an international, nonprofit healthcare service organization. The faith-based charity specializes in procuring and distributing medical supplies and services to underdeveloped nations. IMA’s stated purpose is to “provide healthcare…without bias, to vulnerable and marginalized people in the developing world.”. 3 Richard L. Santos serves as president and CEO for IMA World Health, headquartered in New Windsor, Maryland. IMA is a member of the Core Group for Child Survival, the Global Health Council, and the Partnership for Quality Medical Donations. 4 In addition, IMA is registered with the U.S. Agency for International Development USAID. IMA World Health, also known as Interchurch Medical Assistance, was formed in 1960 as a coalition of a number of faith-based relief and development agencies. IMA’s aim was to centralize and oversee requests for gifts-in-kind from pharmaceutical and medical supply manufacturers and appropriately channel them to healthcare facilities, refugee centers, an...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IMA_World_Health
*  Disease-carrying mosquitos pack twice the punch
An international team of researchers from the University of Notre Dame's Eck Institute for Global Health and Imperial College London has recently published its work on a malaria-filaria co-transmission model, where the same mosquito transmits both diseases together. According to lead researcher Edwin Michael, professor of biological sciences specializing in epidemiology at the University of Notre Dame, "This has major implications for the transmission of each disease in endemic settings, and, of course, for developing better control interventions that ensure that removal of one disease does not have a profound a worse health impact outcome for diseases caused by the other pathogen." The manuscript, titled "Modelling Co-Infection with Malaria and Lymphatic Filariasis," is being published in PLOS Computational Biology. Much of his research addresses the next generation of critical questions regarding the population ecology, epidemiology and control of neglected diseases and vector-borne diseases including malar...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-06-disease-carrying-mosquitos.html
*  Bonhams : India General Service 1854-95,
... Connect with us Create Account Log In Connect with us. Bonhams. Lot 19 India General Service 1854-95, Sold for 10,800 US$ 16,380 inc. premium. Lot Details India General Service 1854-95,. During a visit on leave to England in 1894, Ross was introduced to Patrick Manson, the famous tropical diseases doctor, who had made the discovery that a mosquito carried the parasite which caused elephantiasis in man. Manson suggested to Ross that the mosquito could also be the carrier of the malaria parasite, which the Frenchman, Laveran, had recently discovered in the blood of people suffering from malaria. Two years and four months later, on 20th August 1897, he saw the first significant sign of success in the discovery of the pigmented oocysts of the malaria parasite in an unusual kind of mosquito, Ross's 'dapple-winged mosquito', now well known as the anopheles mosquito. It was not until the following year, however, that the discovery that malaria was an infectious disease transmitted from man to man by the mosquit...
http://bonhams.com/auctions/20810/lot/19/?results_per_page=35
*  End7.org: marnanel
... . LiveJournal. Find more. Communities. RSS Reader. Shop. Help. Login. Login. Join. English en. English en. Русский ru. Українська uk. Français fr. Português pt. español es. Deutsch de. Italiano it. marnanel. Log in. Or connect using:. Facebook. Twitter. Google+. Mail.ru. OpenID. Error Username:. Error Password: Forgot password. Remember me. Log in. Create an Account. Your OpenID URL:. Log in. Monument. marnanel wrote,. Monument marnanel. 2012 - 11 - 09 22:33:00. Previous. Share. Next. End7.org End7.org wants to get rid of seven tropical diseases roundworm, hookworm, elephantiasis, river blindness, schistosomiasis, trachoma, and trichuriasis by 2020. Post a new comment. Error. We will log you in after post. We will log you in after post. We will log you in after post. We will log you in after post. We will log you in after post. Anonymously. switch. LiveJournal. Facebook. Twitter. OpenId. Google. MailRu. Anonymously. Insert Bold. Insert Italic. Insert Underline. Insert Strikethrough. Insert Link. Insert L...
http://marnanel.livejournal.com/1542978.html
*  BioSpace - Print News Article
biospace print news article print bed bugs dying after merck co inc mrk drug suggests possible weapon am bed bugs died after feeding on people treated with merck co s mrk stromectol a treatment typically used against parasitic worms in the first study to investigate the drug s potential to control the blood suckers three out of five bed bugs died after blood meals from people who had taken stromectol also called ivermectin three hours earlier according to research presented at a scientific meeting in atlanta yesterday the pill along with conventional measures such as pesticides may improve chances of eliminating the pest said john sheele an emergency physician at eastern virginia medical school in norfolk who led the study stromectol is used to treat diseases caused by worm parasites such as river blindness one of the leading causes of preventable blindness and elephantiasis or lymphatic filariasis which causes certain parts of the body to become ...
http://biospace.com/news_print.aspx?NewsEntityId=279538
*  Palms to Pines Branch AALAS - News
... President's Message. AALAS and Branch News. Palms to Pines Branch. Regional Branch. National AALAS. News. Local. Regional. National. Local AALAS. National AALAS. Technician Branch Representative. BOD restricted access. Palms to Pines Branch thanks our sponsor ... All Categories President's Message Join Now AALAS and Branch News Palms to Pines Branch Regional Branch National AALAS News Local Regional National World Meetings Local AALAS National AALAS Other Committees Programs Media Services Awards, Nominations, and Elections Technician Branch Representative Membership Downloads Jobs Vendors/Sponsors BOD restricted access Advanced Search. News. News : National Scientists Identify Most Proteins Made by Parasitic Worm May 24, 2011, 11:55 A team of researchers has completed a large-scale analysis of most of the proteins produced by Brugia malayi, one kind of parasitic worm that causes lymphatic filariasis, or elephantiasis. News : National 3rd Circuit Rejects Online Activists' Free-Speech Defense of Attacks o...
http://ptpaalas.org/artman/publish/cat_index_1.shtml
*  Urijah Faber's Leg After Aldo Fight MMA Image
... About Contact Help Terms Privacy DMCA. Urijah Faber's Leg After Aldo Fight. on Apr 26, 2010 63111 views Comments #Jose Aldo. Urijah Faber's Jose Aldo-inflicted case of elephantiasis of the leg. Disclaimer DMCA. More Jose Aldo Images. Related Images. Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 06, 2014. a year ago 4 views. Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 06, 2014. a year ago 10 views. @officialdannytrejo and I at the Latino Spirit Awards Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 06, 2014 http://instagram.com/p/npIkfPTYa1/ view image >>. Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 23, 2014. a year ago 5 views. Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 23, 2014 http://instagram.com/p/oUjiL6TYbN/ view image >>. Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 24, 2014. a year ago 5 views. Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 31, 2014. a year ago 8 views. @metropcs Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 31, 2014 http://instagram.com/p/opf4uwzYWm/ view image >>. Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 31, 2014. a year ago 7 views. Jose Aldo Instagram Post - May 31, 2014 http://instagram.com/p/opgAk...
http://mma-core.com/images/Urijah_Faber_s_Leg_After_Aldo_Fight/11382
*  .. Gov’t bungalows in Central Region to be rehabilitated .. Development must follow proper planni
Gov’t bungalows in Central Region to be rehabilitated. Category: General News January 24, 2013. 0. The Central Regional Coordinating Council RCC has instituted measures to help in the maintenance and improvement of sanitation in government flats, quarters and Bungalows in the region to enhance the life span of those facilities. The Council has in this regard, put in place a monitoring committee which comprises representatives of the occupants of those bungalows, as well as officials from the Lands Commission, Public Works Department PWD, Environmental Health Office and the RCC. This was made known at the inauguration of representatives from the various flats, quarters and bungalows who are to act as liaisons between the tenants in each block of flats and the RCC. Mr Duncan Opare, a Chief Director at the RCC who inaugurated the committee on Tuesday in Cape Coast tasked them to ensure that they establish acceptable rules and regulations for all tenants of the blocks to bring about sanity. They are also...
https://ghanabusinessnews.com/2013/01/24/govt-bungalows-in-central-region-to-be-rehabilitated/
*  .. 12 Crazy Cosmetic Surgical Procedures Men Are Actually Getting
12 Crazy Cosmetic Surgical Procedures Men Are Actually Getting. And I’m not just talking about men getting “regular” things done, like nose jobs, face lifts, or botox. I’m talking about men getting some seriously crazy elective surgical procedures that will give you goosebumps. Namely, a doctor shoves a long suction wand in a hole in your skin, then uses it to peel that skin away from the fat and suck said fat out. So now some men are either getting butt implants, or they are having fat from one part of their body relocated to their backside. Speaking of things that are absolutely insane, the next procedure on our list is something called “abdominal etching.” This is basically precision liposuction that removed just the right amount of fat between your individual abdominal muscles to give the illusion of a six pack. A good doctor will only perform the procedure if you have just the right amount of belly fat—not too much, not too little. However, a less good doctor will be like, oh, sure, it’ll look great....
http://refinedguy.com/2013/08/08/12-crazy-cosmetic-surgical-procedures-men-are-actually-getting/
*  Short Sharp Science: Today on New Scientist: 25 October 2010
... Email. Password. Your login is case sensitive. I have forgotten my password. Register now Activate my subscription Institutional login Athens login. close. My New Scientist. News. In-Depth Articles. Opinion. Subscribe. Look for Science Jobs. SPACE. ENVIRONMENT. HEALTH. LIFE. PHYSICS MATH. SCIENCE IN SOCIETY. Cookies Privacy. Today on New Scientist: 25 October 2010. 18:00 25 October 2010. Today on New Scientist. Full text RSS - You can now subscribe to the full text of Today on New Scientist. Dream jobs 1: Penguin wrangler. The sci-fi books that we should have read, but probably haven't - as nominated by leading scientists and writers. Manchester gets a neutrino detector made of balloons. A new exhibition brings visitors face to face with a replica of the Super Kamiokande neutrino detector in Japan. Moving illusions: Brain-tricking motion. Here, New Scientist brings you our pick of the best videos. Constant change: Are there no universal laws. It looks like physics works differently in different places. A...
https://newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2010/10/today-on-new-scientist-25-octo.html
*  elefantíase - Wiktionary
elefantíase wiktionary elefantíase definition from wiktionary the free dictionary jump to navigation search portuguese noun elefantíase f plural elefantíases pathology elephantiasis disease retrieved from https en wiktionary org w index php title elefantíase oldid categories portuguese lemmas portuguese nouns pt pathology navigation menu personal tools create account log in namespaces entry discussion variants views read edit history more search navigation main page community portal preferences requested entries recent changes random entry help donations contact us tools what links here related changes upload file special pages permanent link page information cite this page in other languages esperanto malagasy português print export create a book download as pdf printable version this page was last modified on june at text is available under the creative commons attribution sharealike license additional terms may apply by using this site you agree to the terms of use and privacy policy privacy policy about w...
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/elefantíase
*  "Immortality" by William Burroughs
~ IMMORTALITY ~ by William S. To me the only success, the only greatness, is immortality. Everyone who can afford it has dogs and guards to protect himself from roving bands of parts hunters, like the dreaded Wild Doctors, who operate on each other after the battle, cutting the warm quivering parts from the dead and dying. I wrote wrong for long and the slip is significant-for the means by which immortality is realized in science fiction, which will soon be science fact, are indeed infinitely wrong, the wrongest wrong a man can be, vampiric or worse. Where is this thing called Mr. Precisely where, in the human nervous system, does this ugly death-sucking, death-dealing, death-fearing thing reside. And how wrong can you be. But all vampiric blueprints for immortality are wrong not only from the ethical standpoint. But they always take more than they leave by the basic nature of the vampire process of inconspicuous but inexorable consumption. And that's the wrongest wrong a man can be. I am amazed at the outcry...
http://interpc.fr/mapage/westernlands/immortality.html
*  John Kinnis
... thumb the grave of dr john kinnis dunfermline abbey churchyard dr john kinnis c august was a medical superintendent to the british military forces in ceylon in the nineteenth century and wrote a number of paper for the edinburgh medical and surgical journal on for example elephantiasis smallpox vaccination and military medical statistics he retired from medical service in he was also an energetic and successful amateur naturalist and was seconded by robert templeton of the royal artillery to investigate and collect the local flora and fauna the ceylon subspecies of the blackbird turdus merula kinnisii was named for him by english zoologist and chemist edward blyth in he is buried on the north side of dunfermline abbey in scotland references category english zoologists category year of birth uncertain category deaths...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Kinnis
*  Geologic History
Erosion occurs over most of the Interior Highlands. Erosion occurs in the Interior Highlands. Erosion occurs in the Interior Highlands. Erosion occurs in the Interior Highlands. Jurassic 145.5 to 201.6 Ma Deposition of carbonate sand often oolitic in a shallow marine environment and some red clay and anhydrite in a shallowing sea; preceded by the accumulation of a thick sequence of salt beds halite, some anhydrite, and red clay and silt in shallow highly saline waters. Erosion occurs in the Interior Highlands. Triassic 201.6 to 251 Ma Accumulation of predominantly red clay and silt, sand and gravel, and minor beds of anhydrite in a non-marine environment. Erosion occurs in the Interior Highlands. Pennsylvanian 299 to 318 Ma Ozark region: Deposition of clastic sediments occurs. Mississippian 318 to 359 Ma Ozark region: Deposition and episodic erosion of shallow-water platform carbonate debris, clay, sand, and siliceous ooze. Ouachita region: Rapid influx of clastic sediments in the Late Mississippian following...
http://geology.ar.gov/geology/gen_geologic_history.htm
*  Lymphatic Filariasis - Health - The New York Times
... Lymphatic Filariasis. /svc/timestopic/v1/topic.json?limit=10&type=article%2Cblogpost&fq=%28subject%3A%22LYMPHATIC+FILARIASIS%22%29+AND++-type of material%3A%22Caption%22+AND++-type of material%3A%22Correction%22+AND++-type of material%3A%22List%22+AND++-type of material%3A%22Paid+Death+Notice%22+AND++-news desk%3A%22Society%22&. {"type":"article","show header text":true,"header":"ARTICLES ABOUT LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS","query":" des=\"LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS\" and tom!=\"Caption\" and tom!=\"Correction\" and tom!=\"List\" and tom!=\"Paid Death Notice\" and dsk!=\"Society\"","search query":" subject:\"LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS\" AND -type of material:\"Caption\" AND -type of material:\"Correction\" AND -type of material:\"List\" AND -type of material:\"Paid Death Notice\" AND -news desk:\"Society\"","num search articles":"10","show summary":true,"show byline":true,"show pub date":true,"hide thumbnails":false,"show kicker":false,"show title":false,"show related topics":true,"show rad links":true,"show subtopics":true...
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics/lymphatic_filariasis/index.html?query=Mosquitoes&field=des&match=exact
*  Lymphatic Filariasis - Health - The New York Times
... Lymphatic Filariasis. /svc/timestopic/v1/topic.json?limit=10&type=article%2Cblogpost&fq=%28subject%3A%22LYMPHATIC+FILARIASIS%22%29+AND++-type of material%3A%22Caption%22+AND++-type of material%3A%22Correction%22+AND++-type of material%3A%22List%22+AND++-type of material%3A%22Paid+Death+Notice%22+AND++-news desk%3A%22Society%22&. {"type":"article","show header text":true,"header":"ARTICLES ABOUT LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS","query":" des=\"LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS\" and tom!=\"Caption\" and tom!=\"Correction\" and tom!=\"List\" and tom!=\"Paid Death Notice\" and dsk!=\"Society\"","search query":" subject:\"LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS\" AND -type of material:\"Caption\" AND -type of material:\"Correction\" AND -type of material:\"List\" AND -type of material:\"Paid Death Notice\" AND -news desk:\"Society\"","num search articles":"10","show summary":true,"show byline":true,"show pub date":true,"hide thumbnails":false,"show kicker":false,"show title":false,"show related topics":true,"show rad links":true,"show subtopics":true...
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics/lymphatic_filariasis/index.html?query=WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION&field=org&match=exact
*  Misdiagnosis of Underlying Causes of Lymphatic Filariasis - RightDiagnosis.com
... HOME SYMPTOMS DISEASES DIAGNOSIS VIDEOS TOOLS COMMUNITY MISDIAGNOSIS DOCTORS HOSPITALS DRUGS. Symptoms Symptoms of Lymphatic Filariasis. Diagnosis Diagnosis for Lymphatic Filariasis Diagnostic Tests for Lymphatic Filariasis Home Diagnostic Testing for Lymphatic Filariasis. Misdiagnosis Misdiagnosis of Lymphatic Filariasis. Misdiagnosis of Underlying Causes of Lymphatic Filariasis. Lymphatic Filariasis Hidden Causes. Misdiagnosis of Hidden Causes of Lymphatic Filariasis. Intro Symptoms Types Causes Tests Treatment Prevention Misdiagnosis Deaths. Contents Hidden Causes of Lymphatic Filariasis Hidden Symptoms Misdiagnosis About hidden causes Diagnosis of Lymphatic Filariasis Lymphatic Filariasis: Introduction Treatments Clinical trials Prevention of Lymphatic Filariasis. Other underlying conditions related to Lymphatic Filariasis:. You may also want to research other symptoms in our Symptoms Center. About underlying conditions:. These are other medical conditions that may possibly cause Lymphatic Filariasis...
http://rightdiagnosis.com/l/lymphatic_filariasis/underly.htm
*  Advances and challenges in predicting the impact of lymphatic filariasis elimination programmes by m
ABSTRACT Mathematical simulation models for transmission and control of lymphatic filariasis are useful tools for studying the prospects of lymphatic filariasis elimination. ABSTRACT: LYMFASIM is a simulation model for lymphatic filariasis transmission and control. Mathematical models for lymphatic filariasis transmission and control: Challenges and prospects. EPIFIL and LYMFASIM are the two mathematical simulation models currently available for lymphatic filariasis transmission and control. Values in bold-face were estimated indirectly by fitting the model outcomes to observed epidemiological data; other values were quantified directly from literature, theory, and analysis of local data ParameterEPIFILLYMFASIM Anti-L3 immunity Anti-fecundity immunity Parasite lifecycle Average adult worm life span in years Average mf life span in months Premature period in months Exposure variation by age Exposure at age zero as fraction of maximum exposure Age in years at which maximum exposure is achieved Density dependenc...
http://researchgate.net/publication/7210558_Advances_and_challenges_in_predicting_the_impact_of_lymphatic_filariasis_elimination_programmes_by_mathematical_modelling
*  Lymphatic Filariasis Epidemiology
... Epidemiology. Global Distribution. Lymphatic filariasis is endemic in 83 countries. India, Indonesia, Nigeria and Bangladesh account for nearly 70% of lymphatic filariasis cases. Other regions include Central Africa, the Nile delta, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Southern China, the Pacific Islands, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, and Brazil Reference 9. Image 6. Important Figures. The at risk population for contraction of lymphatic filariasis includes 1.2 billion people. Currently, more than 120 million people are affected by lymphatic filariasis, including 25 million men who suffer from the genital swellings associated with the disease and 15 million people who suffer from severe lymphodema or elephantiasis of the leg Reference 10. The economic burden of lymphatic filariasis is tremendous. Patients who are heavily infected with lymphatic filariasis have a high risk of developing chronic symptoms, including lymphodema and elephantiasis. Such symptoms can r...
http://web.stanford.edu/class/humbio103/ParaSites2006/Lymphatic_filariasis/Epidemiology.htm
*  PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: Lymphatic Filariasis Control in Tanzania: Effect of Repeated Mass
... Drug Administration with Ivermectin and Albendazole on Infection and Transmission. Other Article Types. Article-Level Metrics. Lymphatic Filariasis Control in Tanzania: Effect of Repeated Mass Drug Administration with Ivermectin and Albendazole on Infection and Transmission. Lymphatic Filariasis Control in Tanzania: Effect of Repeated Mass Drug Administration with Ivermectin and Albendazole on Infection and Transmission Paul E. Published: June 1, 2010 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000696. Article. In most countries of sub-Saharan Africa the control of lymphatic filariasis LF is based on annual mass drug administration MDA with a combination of ivermectin and albendazole, in order to interrupt transmission. In most countries of Sub-Saharan Africa the control of LF is based on yearly mass drug administration MDA with a combination of ivermectin and albendazole, in order to interrupt transmission. Citation: Simonsen PE, Pedersen EM, Rwegoshora RT, Malecela MN, Derua YA, Magesa SM 2010 Lymphatic Filariasis Cont...
http://journals.plos.org/plosntds/article?id=10.1371/journal.pntd.0000696
*  Lymphatic filariasis
... Name = Lymphatic filariasis. Many cases of the disease have no symptoms. Three types of worms can cause the disease: ' Wuchereria bancrofti ', ' Brugia malayi ', and ' Brugia timori '. 'Wuchereria bancrofti' is the most common. More than 120 million people are infected with lymphatic filariasis and about 1.4 billion people are at risk of the disease in 73 countries. It is most common in Africa and Asia. Image:Elephantiasis.jpg|Elephantiasis of the legs due to filariasis. thumb|Life cycle of 'Wuchereria bancrofti', a parasite that causes lymphatic filariasis Elephantiasis occurs in the presence of microscopic, thread-like parasitic worms such as ' Wuchereria bancrofti ' the most common, ' Brugia malayi ', and ' Brugia timori ' also known as 'B. The adult worms only live in the human lymphatic system. One strategy for eliminating transmission of lymphatic filariasis is mass distribution of medicines that kill the microfilariae and stop transmission of the parasite by mosquitoes in endemic communities. With...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lymphatic_filariasis
*  A malayali doctor's blog: Mass drug prophylaxis against filariasis
... A malayali doctor's blog. A blog by a secondary care Internal Medicine Specialist from India about Health,Medicines,Patients,Hospitals etc. Mass drug prophylaxis against filariasis. To eliminate lymphatic filariasis, the Kerala State Government Health Department has launched a mass drug administration MDA programme in 11 districts in the State on Novemeber 11,2009. What is Lymphatic filariasis. Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis. Side effects of the drugs. Posted by Arun.N.M. Labels: albendazole , anti-filarial drug administration in healthy persons , diethylylcarbamazine , elephantiasis , Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis , Kerala , lymphatic filariasis , WHO. November 13, 2009 at 10:35 PM. Charakan said... November 14, 2009 at 11:51 PM. Charakan said... November 14, 2009 at 11:55 PM. Charakan said... December 6, 2009 at 8:08 AM. May be it means 3 tablets of DEC and 1 tablet of Albendazole given together. is there any special kind of test to find these worms or just the ...
http://malayalidoc.blogspot.com/2009/11/mass-drug-prophylaxis-against.html
*  WHO | Lymphatic filariasis
Lymphatic filariasis. Skip to main content. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Global Health Observatory GHO data. Global Health Observatory data. Data repository. Reports. Lymphatic filariasis Situation and trends Progress has been made in mapping the distribution of lymphatic filariasis during the past decade. Altogether 72/73 endemic countries have initiated mapping the distribution of the disease. Globally, 1233 million people live in the countries where preventive treatment for lymphatic filariasis is required. WHO's African and South-East Asia regions harbour 94% of the population living in endemic areas, and 98% of the infected population. Of the total population requiring preventive chemotherapy for lymphatic filariasis, 701 million 57% live in the South-East Asia Region 9 endemic countri...
http://who.int/gho/neglected_diseases/lymphatic_filariasis/en/
*  WHO | Lymphatic filariasis
Lymphatic filariasis. Skip to main content. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Global Health Observatory GHO data. Global Health Observatory data. Data repository. Reports. Lymphatic filariasis Situation and trends Progress has been made in mapping the distribution of lymphatic filariasis during the past decade. Altogether 72/73 endemic countries have initiated mapping the distribution of the disease. Globally, 1233 million people live in the countries where preventive treatment for lymphatic filariasis is required. WHO's African and South-East Asia regions harbour 94% of the population living in endemic areas, and 98% of the infected population. Of the total population requiring preventive chemotherapy for lymphatic filariasis, 701 million 57% live in the South-East Asia Region 9 endemic countri...
http://who.int/gho/neglected_diseases/lymphatic_filariasis/en/
*  The Carter Center River Blindness (Onchocerciasis) Program
The Carter Center River Blindness Onchocerciasis Program. THE CARTER CENTER. Waging Peace. Fighting Disease. Building Hope. Menu. Peace Programs. Overview. Democracy Program. Human Rights Program. Conflict Resolution Program. Americas Program. China Program. Global Access to Information Program. Health Programs. Overview. Guinea Worm. River Blindness. Trachoma. Lymphatic Filariasis. Schistosomiasis. Hispaniola Initiative. International Task Force. Mental Health. Countries. About Us. Our Mission. Accomplishments. Overview. Chronology. Leadership. Founders. CEO. Board of Trustees. Board of Councilors. Experts. Employment. Book Your Event. Carter Centre United Kingdom. Frequently Asked Questions. Contact Us. News Publications. Latest News. Press Releases. Feature Stories. Op-Eds/Speeches. Media Coverage. Upcoming Events. Multimedia. Videos. Photo Gallery. Podcasts. Blog. Publications. Annual Reports. Carter Center Newsletter. Health Program Publications. Peace Program Publications. Trip Reports by Jimmy Carter. ...
http://cartercenter.org/health/river_blindness/program_staff.html
*  .. WHO's Strategy to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis
Home -immediately access 800+ free online publications. Download CD3WD 680 Megabytes and distribute it to the 3rd World. CD3WD is a 3rd World Development private-sector initiative, mastered by Software Developer Alex Weir and hosted by GNUveau Networks From globally distributed organizations, to supercomputers, to a small home server, if it's Linux, we know it. ar. cn. de. en. es. fr. id. it. ph. po. ru. sw. Fact sheet No 102: Lymphatic Filariasis - Rev. September 2000 WHO, 2000, 3 p. introduction... Cause. Transmission. Signs and Symptoms. Diagnosis. Treatment. WHO's Strategy to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis. Economic and Social Impact. WHO's Strategy to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis. The strategy of the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis has two components: firstly, to stop the spread of infection i.e. interrupt transmission, and secondly, to alleviate the suffering of affected individuals i.e. morbidity control. To interrupt transmission, districts in which lymphatic filariasis is endemic...
http://fastonline.org/CD3WD_40/CD3WD/HEALTH/S0394E/EN/B561_7.HTM
*  .. NTDs: The London Declaration, one year on .. More than drugs .. Looking ahead .. References ..
NTDs: The London Declaration, one year on. 30 Jan, 2013. tags: elimination, London Declaration, mass drug administration, neglected tropical diseases, NTDs, Uniting to combat NTDs, WHO. by. Michael Regnier. This time last year, a group of politicians, charities and pharmaceutical companies came to London to sign a pledge. They committed to either bring under control or eliminate ten diseases by 2020; ten diseases that currently cause enormous suffering and hardship across the developing world. The diseases in question are among the collection of infections gathered under the umbrella term of ‘ neglected tropical diseases ’ NTDs, so it would seem imperative not to neglect the progress that has been made in tackling them in the past 12 months. The group of organisations that came together last January, and the World Health Organization WHO, whose roadmap of disease elimination targets they are committed to achieving, have each reported on their progress this month. Uniting to combat NTDs celebrate the provi...
http://blog.wellcome.ac.uk/2013/01/30/ntds-the-london-declaration-one-year-on/?like=1&source=post_flair&_wpnonce=78d053c4d8
*  GSK Giving Figures Exceed £300m for Fourth Year Running: Medicines for Lymphatic Filariasis Elimina
GSK Giving Figures Exceed 300m for Fourth Year Running: Medicines for Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination Valued at 16 Million - Drugs.com MedNews. All Consumer Professional Pill ID Interactions News FDA Alerts Approvals Pipeline Clinical Trials Care Notes Encyclopedia Dictionary Natural Products. Drugs A-Z. Generic Drugs. News. News. GSK Giving... All News. New Drugs. FDA Alerts GSK Giving Figures Exceed 300m for Fourth Year Running: Medicines for Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination Valued at 16 Million. Donations of albendazole for the Company s flagship programme to eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis were valued at 16 million, with 155 million albendazole treatments delivered to 34 countries around the world. GSK supports health and education programmes in more than 100 countries through donations of medicines and through long-term partnerships that provide financial and practical support. Donations of almost 17.5 million supported education programmes, including science education and literacy. Improving healthcare ...
http://drugs.com/news/gsk-giving-figures-exceed-pound-300m-fourth-year-running-medicines-lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-5554.html
*  Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis
... only search gaelf who we are mission goals history structure steering group representative contact group regional programme review group chairs partners all about lf where is lf diagnosis prevention management lf and children additional treatment indepth disease info progress elimination strategy operational research return on investment the way ahead press centre country programme stories photos videos weekly epidemiological record reports brochures training material faqs meetings calendar biennial meeting contact us what s new who wash ntd strategy wash infographic latest global programme to eliminate lymphatic filariasis progress report released weekly epidemiological record no nnn members sign up to the abu dhabi declaration of support for an sdg global indicator for ntds publications ntd targets must include morbidity ke...
http://filariasis.org/index.htm
*  Biology-Online • View topic - lymphatic filariasis! Help!
Biology-Online View topic - lymphatic filariasis. Help. Login Welcome to biology-online.org. Please login to access all site features. Create account. Log me on automatically each visit. Join for Free. 121316 members Answers to all your Biology Questions. Home. Blog. Forum. Dictionary. Articles. Tutorials. Books. Directory. Share your work. Biology-Online. Skip to content. Advanced search. Board index. General Biology. General Discussion. Change font size. Advanced search. FAQ. Register. Login. lymphatic filariasis. Help. Debate and discussion of any biological questions not pertaining to a particular topic. Moderator: BioTeam Post a reply. 1 post Page 1 of 1. Reply with quote. lymphatic filariasis. Help. by mhbio. Sun Oct 25, 2009 11:04 pm What do diagnostic tests/vaccine development for lymphatic filariasis have to do with enzymes. http://medind.nic.in/iaf/t06/i1/iaft06i1p1.pdf. mhbio. Garter Posts: 1 Joined: Sun Oct 25, 2009 1:16 pm. Top. Post a reply. 1 post Page 1 of 1. Return to General Discussion Jump ...
http://biology-online.org/biology-forum/about17068.html?p=114777&hilit=Lymphatic
*  WHO | Advocacy Materials
Advocacy Materials. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. Language عربي. English. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Lymphatic filariasis. Lymphatic filariasis Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis Epidemiology Policy Partnership Research Resources and links. Advocacy Materials. The global elimination of lymphatic filariasis: the story of Egypt Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003 Ref:WHO/CDS/CPE/2003.1. L' élimination mondiale de la filariose lymphatique : l' exemple de L'Egypte Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003 Ref:WHO/CDS/CPE/2003.1. The global elimination of lymphatic filariasis: the story of Zanzibar Geneva, World Health Organization, 2002 Ref:WHO/CDS/CPE/CEE/2002.15. L'élimination mondiale de la filariose lymphatique : l' exemple de Zanzibar Geneva, World Health O...
http://who.int/lymphatic_filariasis/resources/advocacy/en/
*  Bull World Health Organ vol.84 issue8; Abstract: S0042-9686200600080
... 0022. . . . Services on Demand. Article. English pdf. English epdf. Article in xml format. Article references. How to cite this article. Automatic translation. Send this article by e-mail. Indicators. Cited by SciELO. Access statistics. Related links. Similars in SciELO. Share. More. More. Permalink. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Print version ISSN 0042-9686. Abstract. RICHARDS JR, Frank O et al. Integration of mass drug administration programmes in Nigeria : the challenge of schistosomiasis. Bull World Health Organ. 2006, vol.84, n.8, pp. 673-676. ISSN 0042-9686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862006000800022. PROBLEM: Annual mass drug administration MDA with safe oral anthelminthic drugs praziquantel, ivermectin and albendazole is the strategy for control of onchocerciasis, lymphatic filariasis LF and schistosomiasis. District health officers seek to integrate treatment activities in areas of overlapping disease endemicity, but they are faced with having to merge different programmatic g...
http://scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0042-96862006000800022&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Australian Doctors International
ADI specialises in 'Doctor Supervised Integrated Health Patrols', deploying volunteer doctors and health managers to work in partnership with local health providers to provide medical treatment to save lives and reduce suffering, community health education to reduce preventable illness and disease, and training to build the capacity of local health worker s. In 2011 ADI expanded its program to remote and rural areas of New Ireland Province in partnership with the Provincial Government. ADI's key achievements include: Deployed more than 30 volunteer doctors on over 38 assignments; Distributed 50,000+ malaria bed nets to remote villages in Western Province Ran a six-year Mass Drug Administration program to eliminate lymphatic filariasis in the Nomad-Mougulu region of Western Province Ran a HIV/AIDS awareness radio program Introduced a leprosy treatment, education and advocacy program for a community of over 30 leprosy patients in the Bosset region of Western Province, Started an annual in-service health trainin...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Doctors_International
*  Career Outlook for Graduates of the Master's in Sports Administration Program, Northwestern Universi
... ty School of Professional Studies. Center for Public Safety. Northwestern University SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES. Center for Public Safety. Student Services. Career Services. Faculty Services. Sports Administration. Sports Administration Career Options. Sports-related jobs are expected to increase 23% for the decade ending in 2018, a much larger increase than the average for other employment sectors, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics* BLS. Only a tiny fraction of people will ever join the professional ranks as players, coaches or top executives, but jobs connected to sports marketing and administration will continue to grow, a result of demographics and the increasing demand for sophisticated organizations that specialize in youth sports. Jobs in sports administration have such titles as athletic director; associate director of marketing; assistant director of facilities; director of operations for youth sports; media relations director; advertising sales representative. PR Manager, $89,400 O...
http://sps.northwestern.edu/program-areas/graduate/sports-administration/career-options.php
*  Bull World Health Organ vol.85 issue6; Abstract: S0042-9686200700060
... 0017. . . . Services on Demand. Article. English pdf. English epdf. Article in xml format. Article references. How to cite this article. Automatic translation. Send this article by e-mail. Indicators. Cited by SciELO. Access statistics. Related links. Similars in SciELO. Share. More. More. Permalink. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Print version ISSN 0042-9686. Abstract. WYND, Shona et al. Understanding the community impact of lymphatic filariasis: a review of the sociocultural literature. Bull World Health Organ. 2007, vol.85, n.6, pp. 493-498. ISSN 0042-9686. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0042-96862007000600017. Lymphatic filariasis LF is endemic in approximately 80 tropical and subtropical countries. About 120 million people are infected with the parasite and a billion are estimated to be at risk of infection. The main focus of the LF elimination programme to date has been to interrupt transmission by means of annual community-wide treatment campaigns with diethylcarbamazine and albendazole, or...
http://scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0042-96862007000600017&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Improving breast health – Reproductive Health Global Program - PATH
Improving breast health Reproductive Health Global Program - PATH. Search program websites. PATH home. Newsroom. Publications. Jobs. Contact us. . PATH. Program website: Reproductive Health Global Program. Reproductive Health Global Program. Share. Navigation. Improving breast health in low- and middle-income countries. Background. Photo: PATH/Leyla Taboada. Breast cancer incidence is rising steadily in many low- and middle-income countries as women live longer and life styles are changing in ways that increase risk factors for breast cancer. As with many other diseases, the burden falls more heavily on poor, marginalized, and rural women due to their unequal access to screening and treatment. The importance of early detection and treatment of breast cancer is well recognized, since the cost and success of treatment is directly related to the stage of disease at the time of diagnosis. Affordable screening, diagnostic and treatment options, and resource-appropriate guidelines offer new opportunities to reach u...
http://sites.path.org/rh/recent-reproductive-health-projects/improving-breast-health/
*  Drug development program blog – Drug Development Global Program - PATH
Drug development program blog Drug Development Global Program - PATH. Search program websites. PATH home. Newsroom. Publications. Jobs. Contact us. . PATH. Program website: Drug Development Global Program. Drug Development Global Program. Subscribe. Share. Navigation. Innovating Against HIV, part 3. We continue to explore the potential for new HIV treatment and prevention innovations broadly neutralizing antibodies in HIV vaccines, oral pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention, and long-acting injectable antiretroviral drug therapy identified in the recent Reimagining Global Health report issued by the Innovation Countdown 2030 initiative, as well as other new technologies in the pipeline. In this installment, we hear from AIDS Foundation of Chicago AFC, International Rectal Microbicide Advocates IRMA, the International Partnership for Microbicides IPM, and the Microbicide Trials Network MTN. Read on to learn how new technologies could change the trajectory of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the next 15 years. Ca...
http://sites.path.org/drugdevelopment/blog/
*  Local News | Sun.Star
. Local News. Sun.Star. Skip to main content. Home. News. Business. Opinion. Sports. Feature. Lifestyle. Entertainment. SuperBalita. Cagayan de Oro. Cebu. Davao. Services. Archive. Webcast. Epaper. Videos. Properties. Jobs. Multimedia. Yearbook. Home / Zamboanga / Local News. Local News. latest from Zamboanga Local News. Troops foil Sayyafs bombing plot. 3 hours 13 min ago Bong Garcia. GOVERNMENT troops have foiled a bombing plan of the Abu Sayyaf Group ASG in the province of Sulu, a top military official said Tuesday. Read more. Filariasis mass drug administration set. 3 hours 14 min ago. PREPARATIONS are underway for the Filariasis mass drug administration in November in three areas in Zamboanga Peninsula. Read more. BIR reshuffles key officials. 3 hours 16 min ago. A TOP official of the Bureau of Internal Revenue BIR said the agency has implemented a reshuffle of key officials in the different Revenue District Offices RDOs in Western Mindanao. Read more. LDP, Azap ready for 2016 polls. 1 day 4 hours ago Bo...
http://sunstar.com.ph/zamboanga/local-news/2012/03/09/red-cross-sets-summer-safety-institute-210371
*  DermIS - Filariasis (information on the diagnosis)
dermis filariasis information on the diagnosis doia pedoia information modules organisations user input info related pedoia same page in pedoia related links search www google com for filariasis medline mesh search string by alphabet a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z by localization filariasis definition infections with nematodes of the superfamily filarioidea the presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis organisms of the genus elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischaemic necrosis of the brain blindness and dermatosis of the face synonyms filariasis umls filariasis unspecified filariases filariasis filariasis nos filariasis unspecified filarioidea infection filarioidea infections filariosis infection filarioidea infections filarioidea unspecified filariasis images...
http://dermis.net/dermisroot/en/16525/diagnose.htm
*  Filarial infection
... redirect filariasis...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filarial_infection
*  File:Density-dependence in filariasis.jpg
file density dependence in filariasis jpg file density dependence in filariasis jpg summary licensing...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Density-dependence_in_filariasis.jpg
*  ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 125.0 : Bancroftian filariasis
... Home > 2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes > Infectious And Parasitic Diseases 001-139 > Helminthiases 120-129 > Filarial infection and dracontiasis 125- 2015 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 125.0 Bancroftian filariasis 2015. Billable Thru Sept 30/2015. Non-Billable On/After Oct 1/2015. ICD-9-CM 125.0 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 125.0 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code or codes. Convert to ICD-10-CM : 125.0 converts directly to: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM B74.0 Filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti Disease Synonyms Filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti Infection by Wuchereria bancrofti. Applies To Chyluria due to Wuchereria bancrofti Elephantiasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti Infection due to Wuchereria bancrofti Lymphadenitis due to Wuchereria bancrofti Lymphangitis due to Wuchereria bancrofti Wuchereriasi...
http://icd9data.com/2015/Volume1/001-139/120-129/125/125.0.htm
*  An immunoepidemiological study of Wuchereria bancrofti in Muhaka, Kwale District, south coastal Keny
... a :: Tulane University Theses and Dissertations Archive. Skip to main content. Tulane Digital Library Browse All Theses & Dissertations Home About TUDL. Log in. . Favorites. Help. Search. Advanced Search. Find results with:. error div Add another field Search by date. Search by date:. from after before on. from:. to. to:. Searching collections:. Tulane University Theses and Dissertations Archive. Add or remove collections. Home. Tulane University Theses and Dissertations Archive An immunoepidemiological study of Wuchereria bancrofti in Muhaka, Kwale District, south coastal... Reference URL Share. Add tags Comment Rate. Save to favorites Remove from favorites. To link to this object, paste this link in email, IM or document. To embed this object, paste this HTML in website. An immunoepidemiological study of Wuchereria bancrofti in Muhaka, Kwale District, south coastal Kenya. View Description. Download. small 250x250 max medium 500x500 max Large Extra Large large > 500x500 Full Resolution. Print. Link. Text...
http://louisdl.louislibraries.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p16313coll12/id/2820/rec/34
*  Wuchereria bancrofti from Wikipedia - Encyclopedia of Life
... Wuchereria bancrofti is a parasitic filarial nematode roundworm spread by a mosquito vector. It is one of the three parasites that cause lymphatic filariasis, an infection of the lymphatic system by filarial worms. 3 Life cycle. Life cycle. The adult parasites reside in the lymphatics of the human host. When the infected mosquito vector has its next blood meal, W. A mosquito vector can bite the infected human host, ingest the microfilariae, and thus repeat the life cycle of W. bancrofti is responsible for 90% of lymphatic filariasis. Life cycle of Wuchereria bancrofti. "Live adult worms detected by ultrasonography in human Bancroftian filariasis". 2015-03-24 17:29:20 UTC 2015-03-22 01:54:50 UTC 2015-01-01 20:06:29 UTC 2014-11-20 11:27:05 UTC 2014-10-22 15:01:37 UTC 2014-07-22 17:03:20 UTC 2014-05-13 07:13:38 UTC 2014-04-22 11:17:18 UTC 2014-02-25 08:22:44 UTC 2014-01-26 08:28:07 UTC 2013-11-13 08:32:24 UTC 2013-10-23 05:22:16 UTC 2013-09-17 06:21:10 UTC 2013-08-06 06:58:55 UTC 2013-06-14 08:37:37 UTC 201...
http://eol.org/data_objects/24735906
*  Wuchereria bancrofti
... 'Wuchereria bancrofti' is a human parasitic roundworm that is the major cause of lymphatic filariasis. It is one of the three parasitic worms, besides ' Brugia malayi ' and ' B. timori ', that infect lymphatic system to cause lymphatic filariasis. These filarial worms are spread by a mosquito vector. bancrofti' is the most prevalent among the three and affects over 120 million people, primarily in Central Africa and the Nile delta, South and Central America, and the tropical regions of Asia including southern China and the Pacific. History Morphology Life cycle Epidemiology Pathology Diagnosis Treatment Control Eradication References External links. There are dark spots which are dispersed nuclei throughout the body cavity, with no nuclei at the tail tip. Adult male and female are most often coiled together and are difficult to separate. bancrofti' and other parasites potentially present. Some infected people do not have microfilariae in their blood. Ultrasonography can also be used to detect the movemen...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wuchereria_bancrofti
*  PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases: Antibody to the Filarial Antigen Wb123 Reflects Reduced Transmissi
... on and Decreased Exposure in Children Born following Single Mass Drug Administration MDA. Advertisement. plos.org. Search Search. advanced search. Journal Archive. Collections. Getting Started. Presubmission Inquiries. Submission Guidelines. Other Article Types. Revising Your Manuscript. Manuscript Review and Publication. Editorial and Peer Review Process. Reviewer Guidelines. Comments. Article-Level Metrics. Submit Your Manuscript PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases is the top Open Access tropical medicine journal, featuring an International Editorial Board and increased support for developing country authors. Get Started. Journal Information. Editorial Board. Publication Fees. Press and Media. Open Access Peer-Reviewed. Research Article Antibody to the Filarial Antigen Wb123 Reflects Reduced Transmission and Decreased Exposure in Children Born following Single Mass Drug Administration MDA Cathy Steel mail,. * E-mail: csteel@niaid.nih.gov Affiliation: Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases, National Institutes of...
http://plosntds.org/article/comments/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001940
*  Top Marine Colleges in Pondicherry | Marine Course in Pondicherry
Top Marine Colleges in Pondicherry. Marine Course in Pondicherry. . Create a Account. Forgot Password. Live Support. Add Your College. Home. Colleges. Connect. Counseling. Articles. Enquiry. Contact Us. Ask. Site Navigation... Home Colleges Admission Services Counseling Enquiry Contact Us Ask. College Reviews. College Ratings. Ask Now. Connect. Top Marine Colleges In Pondicherry, Marine Courses In Pondicherry and List of Best Marine Colleges in Pondicherry. Welcome to Marine Category, Here you would find all the. Top Marine Colleges In Pondicherry, Best Marine Colleges in Pondicherry, And List of Marine Colleges in Pondicherry in the alphabetical order. In this Marine Category, You Could Find the latest Marine News, Articles, Admission Form, and find Courses With Our easy Search tool. You Could Find the Marine Colleges in State Wise and City Wise on the Right Side of the Page. List of Marine Colleges In Pondicherry. Marine Officers Training Academy - Pondicherry. Write Reviews. Ask Question. 0. RVS College of...
http://school2college.com/marinecolleges-pondicherry-1.html
*  Longitudinal Monitoring of the Development of Antifilarial Antibodies and Acquisition of Wuchereria
PLoS Negl Trop Dis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. Antibody responses to Bm14 and Bm33, Brugia malayi antigens and to a major surface protein WSP from Wolbachia were analyzed using a multiplex bead assay. Over follow-up, 80 56% of the children became antigen-positive and 30 21% developed microfilaremia. Detectable antibody responses to Bm14, Bm33, Wb123, and WSP developed in 95%, 100%, 92%, and 29% of children, respectively. bancrofti infection as assessed by microfilaremia and antigenemia was 6.3 and 4.3 years, respectively Table 2. Age prevalence curves showing the profiles of circulating filarial antigen, microfilaria, and the antibody responses to Bm14, Bm33, Wb123, and WSP filarial antigens with age are shown in Figure 3. Bm33 was the first antibody response to be detected in children with a mean age of incidence occurring at 2.8 years, followed by Bm14 3.4 years , Wb123 3.7 years , and WSP 4.3 years Table 2. Figure 3 Age prevalence of microfilaremia, antigenemia and antifilarial antibody responses. All of the chil...
http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3516578/?lang=en-ca
*  Chyloderma
... thumb lymphatic system is blocked causing a buildup of lymphatic fluid in the scrotum chyloderma is swelling of the scrotum resulting from chronic lymphatic obstruction obstruction may be caused by a nematode such as wuchereria bancrofti this condition is also known as lymphscrotum or elephantiasis scroti see also thumb life cycle of wuchereria bancrofti a parasite that causes lymphatic filariasis filariasis lymphatic system category mammal male reproductive system...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chyloderma
*  lymphedema [Lymphedema People]
lymphedema. skip to content. Lymphedema People. User Tools Login. Site Tools. Tools Show pagesource Recent changes Media Manager Sitemap Login. Recent changes. Media Manager. Sitemap. Trace: •. lymphedema. lymphedema. Table of Contents. LYMPHEDEMA. Lymphedema, Lymphoedema. THE LYMPHATIC SYSTEM. TYPES OF LYMPHEDEMA. Primary Lymphedema. Secondary Lymphedema. Hereditary Lymphedema. CAUSES OF LYMPHEDEMA. Primary Lymphedema. Secondary Lymphedema. RISK FACTORS FOR LYMPHEDEMA. DIAGNOSING LYMPHEDEMA. TREATMENT OF LYMPHEDEMA. Manual Lymphatic Drainage. Comprehensive Decongestive Therapy. Other Treatments. Compression Pumps. Compression Bandages. Other Issues. Insurance. Physicians and Therapists. Diet and Exercise. STAGES OF LYMPHEDEMA. Latency Stage. Stage I. Stage II. Stage III. Stage IV. LYMPHEDEMA FIBROSIS. Late Term Complications - Fibrosis. LYMPHEDEMA AND CELLULITIS. WEEPING LYMPHEDEMA. Lymphorrhea - Lymphedema Wounds. Causes of Lymphorrhea. Lymphorrhea Complications. COMPLICATIONS OF LYMPHEDEMA. Helpful Tips to...
http://lymphedemapeople.com/wiki/doku.php?id=lymphedema
*  Self Manual Lymph Drainage for Lymphedema Affecting the Arm « Lymphedema Blog
1 Manual lymph drainage and its role in the treatment of lymphedema. 3 The Role of Complete Decongestive Therapy in Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema. CDT phase two, CDT self management phase, lymphedema self care, lymphedema self management, manual lymph drainage, MLD, self manual lymph drainage, self MLD, simple MLD. Joachim Zuther January 9, 2013 at 3:15 pm. Categories Select Category Axillary Web Syndrome Books on Lymphedema Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema Breast Cancer Surgery Chronic Venous Insufficiency Complete Decongestive Therapy Complete Decongestive Therapy CDT Compression Bandages Compression Garments Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT Drugs and Lymphedema Education and Lymphedema Elastic Taping for Lymphedema Exercises for Lymphedema Fibromyalgia Lipedema Lymphatic Filariasis Lymphedema and Social Security Disability Benefits Lymphedema Complications Lymphedema Infections Lymphedema Legislation Lymphedema of the Head and Neck Lymphedema Research Lymphedema Resources Lymphedema Risk Reduction Lymphedema Su...
http://lymphedemablog.com/2013/01/08/self-manual-lymph-drainage-for-lymphedema-affecting-the-arm/
*  Risk factors associated with breast cancer-related lymphedema in the WHEL Study - Springer
... Risk factors associated with breast cancer-related lymphedema in the WHEL Study. Affiliated with Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego. Affiliated with Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego. Affiliated with Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego. Pierce. Affiliated with Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Moores UCSD Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego. The Women’s Healthy Eating and Living WHEL Study has a unique dataset collected after the completion of breast cancer treatment, which allowed a focused analysis of risk factors for breast cancer-related lymphedema. Conclusions The results of this study highlight the importance of educating breast cancer survivors about the modifiable risk factors e.g., body mass index associated with the development of lymphedema. Keywords Breast cancer survivors Lymphedema Risk factors Body mass index Lymph node removal Breast cancer tre...
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11764-012-0251-9
*  Primary lymphedema
... is a form of lymphedema which is not directly attributable to another medical condition it can be divided into three forms depending upon age of onset congenital lymphedema lymphedema praecox and lymphedema tarda congenital lymphedema presents at birth lymphedema praecox presents from ages to this type of lymphedema accounts for of all cases of primary lymphedema lymphedema tarda presents after age this type of lymphedema usually develops as a result of a developmental abnormality being precipitated by some insult such as trauma illness or physical immobility compared to secondary lymphedema primary lymphedema is more likely to involve the face conjunctiva and genitalia in association with any limbs involved burkhart cn adigun c burton cs chapter cutaneous changes in peripheral venous and lymphatic insufficiency in wolff k ed fitzpatrick s dermatology in general medicine th ed new york mcgraw hill http www accessmedicine com content aspx aid accessed november it can be familial lymphedema tarda occurs in...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primary_lymphedema
*  Complete Decongestive Therapy (CDT) for Treatment of Head and Neck Lymphedema - Full Text View - Cli
Complete Decongestive Therapy CDT for Treatment of Head and Neck Lymphedema - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov. Complete Decongestive Therapy CDT for Treatment of Head and Neck Lymphedema This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment. Anderson Cancer Center Information provided by Responsible Party : M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. Objectives: Specific Aim 1: Estimate the prevalence of head and neck lymphedema in patients who have been treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy chemotherapy for oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer. Specific Aim 2: Evaluate the effect of Complete Decongestive Therapy CDT provided in an outpatient setting or a home-based program in reducing lymphedema in patients previously treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy chemotherapy for oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer at 1, 3 and 6 months follow-up. Lymphedema Oropharyngeal Cancer Head and Neck Cancer Oral Cancer. Other: Follow -Up Visits Other: Full CDT Other: Modified CDT Program. Anderson Cancer Center:. No CDT CD...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00951470?term=lymphedema&rank=10
*  Skin and Nail Care in Lymphedema Management « Lymphedema Blog
Joachim Zuther April 14, 2011 at 1:42 pm. Joachim Zuther April 17, 2011 at 2:27 pm. Joachim Zuther April 17, 2011 at 2:26 pm. Categories Select Category Axillary Web Syndrome Books on Lymphedema Breast Cancer Related Lymphedema Breast Cancer Surgery Chronic Venous Insufficiency Complete Decongestive Therapy Complete Decongestive Therapy CDT Compression Bandages Compression Garments Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT Drugs and Lymphedema Education and Lymphedema Elastic Taping for Lymphedema Exercises for Lymphedema Fibromyalgia Lipedema Lymphatic Filariasis Lymphedema and Social Security Disability Benefits Lymphedema Complications Lymphedema Infections Lymphedema Legislation Lymphedema of the Head and Neck Lymphedema Research Lymphedema Resources Lymphedema Risk Reduction Lymphedema Support Groups Lymphedema Therapists Lymphedema Therapy Lymphedemablog News Manual Lymph Drainage MLD Medicare Coverage Obesity and Lymphedema Phlebo-Lympho-Static Edema Post-Thrombotic Syndrome PTS Primary Lymphedema Pumps Intermittent Pn...
http://lymphedemablog.com/2011/04/13/skin-and-nail-care-in-lymphedema-management/
*  Vodderschool - Effect of Complex Decongestive Therapy and the Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patie
... nts with Unilateral Lymphedema x. Effect of Complex Decongestive Therapy and the Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients with Unilateral Lymphedema. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether complex decongestive therapy CDT for upper limb lymphedema results in long-term changes in lymphedema and QOL, and to determine whether the treatment-induced change in the percentage excess volume PCEV is correlated with any changes in QOL. This study suggests that QOL significantly improved with upper limb lymphedema during the maintenance phase, which was necessarily correlated with the reduction in limb volume. Keywords: quality of life, lymphedema, complex decongestive therapy, SF-36, breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the long-term physical and psychological impacts of CDT-based treatment for arm lymphedema and to determine whether limb volume changes resulting from CDT treatment are associated with changes in the QOL. 1 Mean quality of life QOL scores at baseline, 1 month, and 6 mon...
http://vodderschool.com/effect_of_complex_decongestive_therapy
*  charles procedure [Lymphedema People]
charles procedure. skip to content. Lymphedema People. User Tools Login. Site Tools. Tools Show pagesource Recent changes Media Manager Sitemap Login. Recent changes. Media Manager. Sitemap. Trace: •. charles procedure. charles procedure. Table of Contents. Charles Procedure. Abstracts and Studies. Lymphedema Debulking Surgery on a 2 year old. Articles from our Treatment Forums and Sections. Complications of Lymphedema Debulking Surgery. Choosing a Rehabilitation Provider or Physical Therapist. How to be Safe with Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Lymphobiology. Low Level Laser. Laser Workshops Information. Naturopathy: A Critical Appraisal. Self Massage Therapy – Self MLD. Elastin Ampules. Flexitouch Device for Arm Lymphedema. Intensive Decongestive Physiotherapy Upper Limb Lymphedema. Lymphomyosot. Why Compression Pumps cause Complications with Lymphedema. Patient self-massage for breast cancer-related lymphedema. Daflon 500 and Secondary Lymphedema. Ball Massage technique. Infrared Therapy for Lymphe...
http://lymphedemapeople.com/wiki/doku.php?id=charles_procedure

(1/402) Candidate parasitic diseases.

This paper discusses five parasitic diseases: American trypanosomiasis (Chagas disease), dracunculiasis, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis and schistosomiasis. The available technology and health infrastructures in developing countries permit the eradication of dracunculiasis and the elimination of lymphatic filariasis due to Wuchereria bancrofti. Blindness due to onchocerciasis and transmission of this disease will be prevented in eleven West African countries; transmission of Chagas disease will be interrupted. A well-coordinated international effort is required to ensure that scarce resources are not wasted, efforts are not duplicated, and planned national programmes are well supported.  (+info)

(2/402) Efficacy of five annual single doses of diethylcarbamazine for treatment of lymphatic filariasis in Fiji.

Annual single-dose treatments with diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC) at a dose of 6 mg/kg have been reported effective in reducing microfilariae (mf) rate and density and applicable to large-scale filariasis control campaigns. However, the efficacy of such treatments has not been studied quantitatively in relation to different pretreatment levels of endemicity. This study of 32 villages in Fiji revealed that five treatments repeated annually steadily reduced village mf rate, and that the degree of reduction was not influenced by pretreatment levels of mf density or rate. This indicates that an annual dosage scheme is applicable to high-endemicity areas. The results also suggest that such treatment affected juvenile forms of Wuchereria bancrofti and may prevent them from reproducing.  (+info)

(3/402) Treatment costs and loss of work time to individuals with chronic lymphatic filariasis in rural communities in south India.

This year-round case-control study investigated treatment costs and work time loss to people affected by chronic lymphatic filariasis in two rural communities in south India. About three-quarters of the patients sought treatment for filariasis at least once and 52% of them paid for treatment, incurring a mean annual expenditure of Rs. 72 (US $2.1; range Rs. 0-1360 (US $39.0)). Doctor's fees and medicines constituted 57% and 23% of treatment costs. The proportion of people seeking treatment was smaller and treatment costs constituted a higher proportion of household income in lower income groups. Most patients did not leave work, but spent only 4.36+/-3.41 h per day on economic activity compared to 5.25+/-3.52 h worked by controls; the mean difference of 0.89+/-4.20 h per day was highly significant (P<0.01). This loss of work time is perpetual, as chronic disease manifestations are mostly irreversible. An estimated 8% of potential male labour input is lost due to the disease. Regression analyses revealed that lymphatic filariasis has a significant effect on work time allotted to economic activity (P<0.05) but not on absenteeism from work (P>0.05). Female patients spent 0.31+/-1.42 h less on domestic activity compared to their matched controls (P<0.05). The results clearly show that the chronic form of lymphatic filariasis inflicts a considerable economic burden on affected individuals.  (+info)

(4/402) Anti-filarial IgG4 in men and women living in Brugia malayi-endemic areas.

To assess whether antifilarial IgG4 can be used to study various epidemiological facets of filarial infections, we studied this isotype in 238 individuals resident in areas endemic for brugian filariasis, focusing on the differences between men and women. In the study area, the prevalence of microfilariae was 6.7% and the prevalence of antifilarial IgG4 was 49.2%. All microfilariae carriers were positive for antifilarial IgG4, whereas a proportion of the endemic normals (94/208) and clephantiasis patients (7/14) had IgG4 antibodies to filarial antigens. Data were analysed as a function of gender in distinct clinical groups and stratified for age. The prevalence of microfilariae was higher in males in all age groups, as reflected in significantly higher antifilarial IgG4 antibody levels compared to females. The prevalence of IgG4 increased to reach a plateau at the age of 30 years in both males and females. These results indicate that antifilarial IgG4 antibodies can reflect the differences in the extent of infection in males and females as measured by microfilarial counts, and that this parameter can be used for epidemiological assessments of filarial infection.  (+info)

(5/402) Helminth- and Bacillus Calmette-Guerin-induced immunity in children sensitized in utero to filariasis and schistosomiasis.

Infants and children are routinely vaccinated with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in areas of the world where worm infections are common. Because maternal helminth infection during pregnancy can sensitize the developing fetus, we studied whether this prenatal immunity persists in childhood and modifies the immune response to BCG. Children and newborns living in rural Kenya, where BCG is administered at birth and filariasis and schistosomiasis are endemic, were examined. T cells from 2- to 10-year-old children of mothers without filariasis or schistosomiasis produced 10-fold more IFN-gamma in response to mycobacterial purified protein derivative than children of helminth-infected mothers (p < 0.01). This relationship was restricted to purified protein derivative because maternal infection status did not correlate with filarial Ag-driven IL-2, IFN-gamma, IL-4, or IL-5 responses by children. Prospective studies initiated at birth showed that helminth-specific T cell immunity acquired in utero is maintained until at least 10-14 mo of age in the absence of infection with either Wuchereria bancrofti or Schistosoma haematobium. Purified protein derivative-driven T cell IFN-gamma production evaluated 10-14 mo after BCG vaccination was 26-fold higher for infants who were not sensitized to filariae or schistosomes in utero relative to subjects who experienced prenatal sensitization (p < 0.01). These data indicate that helminth-specific immune responses acquired during gestation persist into childhood and that this prenatal sensitization biases T cell immunity induced by BCG vaccination away from type 1 IFN-gamma responses associated with protection against mycobacterial infection.  (+info)

(6/402) A longitudinal study of Bancroftian filariasis in the Nile Delta of Egypt: baseline data and one-year follow-up.

We initiated a longitudinal study of Bancroftian filariasis to improve understanding of dynamics and risk factors for infection in villages near Cairo, Egypt. Baseline prevalence rates for microfilaremia and filarial antigenemia for 1,853 subjects more than 9 years of age were 7.7% and 11.2%, respectively. Microfilaria counts, antigen levels, and microfilaremia incidence over a 1-year period were all significantly lower in older people. These findings suggest that humans develop partial immunity to Wuchereria bancrofti over time. One-year incidence rates for microfilaremia and antigenemia were 1.8% and 3.1%, respectively. Filarial antigenemia, IgG4 antibody to recombinant antigen BmM14, and household infection were all significant risk factors for microfilaremia incidence. Microfilaria counts and parasite antigen levels were significantly reduced by diethylcarbamazine therapy, but many infected subjects refused treatment, and most treated people were still infected one year later. Incident infections approximately balanced infections lost to produce an apparent state of dynamic equilibrium.  (+info)

(7/402) Acute disease episodes in a Wuchereria bancrofti-endemic area of Papua New Guinea.

Acute disease episodes of Bancroftian filariasis were monitored prospectively in a rural area of Papua New Guinea. The frequency and duration of episodes were recorded for the leg, arm, scrotum, and breast. A very high incidence of acute disease was observed; 0.31 episodes per person-year in the leg alone. Incidence generally increased with age, except in the breast, where episodes were concentrated in the reproductive age range. Males had slightly higher incidence than females in the leg and arm. Chronic disease was strongly associated with acute disease incidence in all locations. Microfilaremia had a statistically significant association with acute disease in the leg, arm, and breast, but not the scrotum. This study again demonstrates the high burden of acute manifestations of lymphatic filariasis, and provides new information on risk factors, which may lead to better understanding of etiology and control prospects.  (+info)

(8/402) Bloodmeal microfilariae density and the uptake and establishment of Wuchereria bancrofti infections in Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti.

The relationship between ingestion of microfilariae (mf), production of infective larvae (L3) and mf density in human blood has been suggested as an important determinant in the transmission dynamics of lymphatic filariasis. Here we assess the role of these factors in determining the competence of a natural vector Culex quinquefasciatus and a non vector Aedes aegypti to transmit Wuchereria bancrofti. Mosquitoes were infected via a membrane feeding procedure. Both mosquito species ingested more than the expected number of microfilariae (concentrating factor was 1.28 and 1.81 for Cx. quinquefasciatus and Ae. aegypti, respectively) but Cx. quinquefasciatus ingested around twice as many mf as Ae. aegypti because its larger blood meal size. Ae. aegypti showed a faster mf migration capacity compared to Cx. quinquefasciatus but did not allow parasite maturation under our experimental conditions. Similar proportions of melanized parasites were observed in Ae. aegypti (2. 4%) and Cx. quinquefasciatus (2.1%). However, no relationship between rate of infection and melanization was observed. We conclude that in these conditions physiological factors governing parasite development in the thorax may be more important in limiting vectorial competence than the density of mf ingested.  (+info)


Why would it be a radical mastectomy instead of elephantiasis?


While walking down the street, you and your friend see an elderly woman whose left arm appears to be swollen to several times its normal size.  Your friend remarks that the woman must have been in the tropics and contracted a form of filariasis that produces elephantiasis.  You disagree, saying that it is more likely that the woman had a radical mastectomy (removal of a breast because of cancer). Explain the rationale behind your answer.
----------

It is not either, it can be the result of a mastectomy due to breast cancer. Here is some info on this subject.

The condition is called Lymphedema

Secondary lymphedema, or acquired lymphedema, can develop as a result of surgery, radiation, infection or trauma. Specific surgeries, such as surgery for melanoma or breast, gynecological, head and neck, prostate or testicular, bladder or colon cancer, all of which currently require removal of lymph nodes, put patients at risk of developing secondary lymphedema. If lymph nodes are removed, there is always a risk of developing lymphedema.

Secondary lymphedema can develop immediately post-operatively, or weeks, months, even years later. It can also develop when chemotherapy is unwisely administered to the already affected area (the side on which the surgery was performed) or after repeated aspirations of a seroma (a pocket of fluid which occurs commonly post-operatively) in the axilla, around the breast incision, or groin area. This often causes infection and, subsequently, lymphedema.

Aircraft flight has also been linked to the onset of lymphedema in patients post-cancer surgery (likely due to the decreased cabin pressure). For more information, see the NLN Position Paper on Air Travel (pdf format, 231kb).

Another cause of lower extremity lymphedema is that resulting from the use of Tamoxifen. This medication can cause blood clots and subsequent DVT (deep venous thrombosis).

Radiation therapy, used in the treatment of various cancers and some AIDS-related diseases (such as Kaposi-Sarcoma), can damage otherwise healthy lymph nodes and vessels, causing scar tissue to form which interrupts the normal flow of the lymphatic fluid. Radiation can also cause skin dermatitis or a burn similar to sunburn. It is important to closely monitor the radiated area for any skin changes, such as increased temperature, discoloration (erythema) or blistering which can lead into the development of lymphedema. Be sure to keep the area soft with lotion recommended by your radiation oncologist.

Lymphedema can develop secondary to lymphangitis (an infection) which interrupts normal lymphatic pathway function. A severe traumatic injury in which the lymphatic system is interrupted and/or damaged in any way may also trigger the onset of lymphedema. Although extremely rare in developed countries, there is a form of lymphedema called Filariasis which affects as many as 200 million people worldwide (primarily in the endemic areas of southeast Asia, India and Africa). When the filarial larvae from a mosquito bite enters the lymphatic system, these larvae mature into adult worms in the peripheral lymphatic channels, causing severe lymphedema in the arms, legs and genitalia (also known as Elephantiasis).

Symptoms of Lymphedema
Lymphedema can develop in any part of the body or limb(s). Signs or symptoms of lymphedema to watch out for include: a full sensation in the limb(s), skin feeling tight, decreased flexibility in the hand, wrist or ankle, difficulty fitting into clothing in one specific area, or ring/wristwatch/bracelet tightness. If you notice persistent swelling, it is very important that you seek immediate medical advice (and get at least one second opinion) as early diagnosis and treatment improves both the prognosis and the condition.

Lymphedema develops in a number of stages, from mild to severe,referred to as Stage 1, 2 and 3:

Stage 1 (spontaneously reversible):
Tissue is still at the "pitting" stage, which means that when pressed by fingertips, the area indents and holds the indentation. Usually, upon waking in the morning, the limb(s) or affected area is normal or almost normal size.

Stage 2 (spontaneously irreversible):
The tissue now has a spongy consistency and is "non-pitting," meaning that when pressed by fingertips, the tissue bounces back without any indentation forming). Fibrosis found in Stage 2 lymphedema marks the beginning of the hardening of the limbs and increasing size.

Stage 3 (lymphostatic elephantiasis):
At this stage the swelling is irreversible and usually the limb(s) is/are very large. The tissue is hard (fibrotic) and unresponsive; some patients consider undergoing reconstructive surgery called "debulking" at this stage.

When lymphedema remains untreated, protein-rich fluid continues to accumulate, leading to an increase of swelling and a hardening or fibrosis of the tissue. In this state, the swollen limb(s) becomes a perfect culture medium for bacteria and subsequent recurrent lymphangitis (infections). Moreover, untreated lymphedema can lead into a decrease or loss of functioning of the limb(s), skin breakdown, chronic infections and, sometimes, irreversible complications. In the most severe cases, untreated lymphedema can develop into a rare form of lymphatic cancer called Lymphangiosarcoma (most often in secondary lymphedema).


Is water oozing out of filarial leg contagious or infectious ? If so what precautions are needed for handling?


Patient is 80 years old . filarial history is more than 40 years .
----------

No not at all.. Do not worry... Know some facts about filariasis... 

1) filariasis is caused by a worm called wuchereria bancrofti.. Its transmitted only by mosquitoes

2) When a person is suffering from acute filariasis, Have the adult worms will produce what is known as Microfilaria which gets transferred to a mosquito and when that mosquito bites another person, he gets the disease... 

3) The adult worms settle in the lymphatic system of the body and They die out permanently after the acute phase of infections.. 

4) The huge legs and the oozing fluid out of the legs is nothing but LYMPH which is caused due to blockade of the lymphatic ducts by the dead filarial worms.. The filarial worms when dead, cause fibrosis of the lymphatics and cause the sequelae... 

5) So, U make it clear with urself that, there will be no microfilaria or the adult worm in a patient who has elephant legs or oozing fluid

6) They never gets transmitted by the oozing fluid or handling the blood.. even if u touch the acute filarial patien's blood bare handed nothing happens.. U get the disease only when its injected into ur body, like by a mosquito.. 

6) That too only one of the species of the mosquitoes is known to transmit this disease, called Culex Quinquifasciatus which is found in coastal areas... Unusual in cities

7) Filarial history of more than 40 years rules out completely that he can be infective to others any more.. And infection from the oozing fluid which is lymph is usually sterile unless when it gets infected from some other organisms.. The infection from that a fluid is doubly ruled out

Don worry, do not have such misconceptions, Take care of ur 80yr old relative with a kind heart.. Nothing is going to happen to u or ur family...


what do doctors ask patients with elephantiasis?


When people( who have elephantiasis but don't know it) go to the doctor, what kind of questions does the doctor ask them to see what disease they have ?
----------




Do people with elephantiasis produce excesive amounts of seamon?


I know that elephantiasis commonly causes the extreme swelling of the scrotum, but can it cause people to produce a lot of seamon?
----------

The word is semen.    Extreme swelling of the scrotum with lymphatic fluid can occur with filariasis but semen isn't produced in the scrotum.  Semen, seminal fluid, is comprised of secretions produced by the prostate gland, Cowper’s gland and the seminal vesicles.  The scrotum does not produce sperm either.  The testes do that.  The scrotum is a pouch, a sac that contains the testes, the epididymides and lower portions of the spermatic cords.  Look up the definition for yourself so you'll know what you're talking about next time you decide to post a question.   I hope you'll be encouraged to learn how your own body functions.

So now I ask YOU:  Since the edema is in the scrotal sac and not the testes, not the prostate, not Cowper's gland and not the seminal vesicles, why would there be excessive amounts of semen?


What is a chronic condition of the lymphatic system caused by filarial worm invasion?


It results in tremendous swelling of the arms or legs.
----------

Elephantitis.  The swelling is called lymphedema.

http://www.hsh.k12.nf.ca/bio2201/id/ctucker/lymphedema.html


What complications does Elephantiasis cause?


I'm not looking for the cause of Elephaniasis because i know it, but what kind of long-term affects can Elephantiasis have on the body?
Thanks!
----------

Elephantiasis is a disease that is characterized by the thickening of the skin and underlying tissues, especially in the legs, male genitals and female breasts. In some cases the disease can cause certain body parts, such as the scrotum, to swell to the size of a softball or basketball."Elephantitis" is a common mis-hearing of the term, from confusing the ending -iasis (process or resulting condition) with the more commonly heard -itis (irritation or inflammation). The proper medical term is Elephantiasis, and it is caused by lymphatic filariasis or podoconiosis


Which is a more embarrassing affliction, AIDS or Elephantiasis?


AIDS is mostly associated with Congolese and Elephantiasis with Latvians.
The Congolese turned on their brethren the Gorillas, That's how we got AIDS?
----------

AIDS is invisible until it is in its last stages.
Elephantiasis is clearly visible, and is thus more embarrassing.

Don't know where you've been for the past 30 years, but AIDS is a world-wide problem, not just Congolese.  To imply that AIDS is associated with Congolese is very racist.


Is there surgery or treatment for elephantiasis?


I am wondering if there is surgery for that most people in poor regions don't have medicines.
----------

Elephantiasis is caused by a parasite.  The patient would have to be treated for the parasite, but dealing with the swollen limbs is more of a problem.  The limb tissue swells because of damage to the lymphatic system -- the tissue fills with excess lymphatic fluid because the body can't recirculate that fluid back into the rest of the body.  Surgery, such as removing the swollen flesh, doesn't really work because it doesn't solve the basic problem of a damaged lymphatic system.  The limbs or affected parts of the body will just swell again.  Treatment would probably involve wrapping the swollen limbs in layers of bandages to apply pressure and force the lymphatic fluid back into the blood stream and then out of the body.  The layers of wrapping would be difficult to live with in the hot, tropical climates where many elephantiasis patients live.  Many of them would also just have difficulty getting treatment -- doctors and clinics are scarce, water for washing bandages might be scarce, and antibiotics to treat skin infections might also not be available.  The patient also has to be willing to comply with the treatment and do all the wrapping involved (they'd probably need someone else to do it for them if their limbs are really swollen).