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Cerebrum: Derived from TELENCEPHALON, cerebrum is composed of a right and a left hemisphere. Each contains an outer cerebral cortex and a subcortical basal ganglia. The cerebrum includes all parts within the skull except the MEDULLA OBLONGATA, the PONS, and the CEREBELLUM. Cerebral functions include sensorimotor, emotional, and intellectual activities.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Telencephalon: The anterior subdivision of the embryonic PROSENCEPHALON or the corresponding part of the adult prosencephalon that includes the cerebrum and associated structures.Cerebellum: The part of brain that lies behind the BRAIN STEM in the posterior base of skull (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR). It is also known as the "little brain" with convolutions similar to those of CEREBRAL CORTEX, inner white matter, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Its function is to coordinate voluntary movements, maintain balance, and learn motor skills.Milk Substitutes: Food BEVERAGES that are used as nutritional substitutes for MILK.Grewia: A plant genus of the family TILIACEAE. Members contain lupeol and betulin TRITERPENES.Dysautonomia, Familial: An autosomal disorder of the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems limited to individuals of Ashkenazic Jewish descent. Clinical manifestations are present at birth and include diminished lacrimation, defective thermoregulation, orthostatic hypotension (HYPOTENSION, ORTHOSTATIC), fixed pupils, excessive SWEATING, loss of pain and temperature sensation, and absent reflexes. Pathologic features include reduced numbers of small diameter peripheral nerve fibers and autonomic ganglion neurons. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1348; Nat Genet 1993;4(2):160-4)Brain Chemistry: Changes in the amounts of various chemicals (neurotransmitters, receptors, enzymes, and other metabolites) specific to the area of the central nervous system contained within the head. These are monitored over time, during sensory stimulation, or under different disease states.Oxytropis: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain SWAINSONINE.Meningoencephalitis: An inflammatory process involving the brain (ENCEPHALITIS) and meninges (MENINGITIS), most often produced by pathogenic organisms which invade the central nervous system, and occasionally by toxins, autoimmune disorders, and other conditions.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Trichlorfon: An organochlorophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide for the control of flies and roaches. It is also used in anthelmintic compositions for animals. (From Merck, 11th ed)Mercury Poisoning, Nervous System: Neurologic disorders associated with exposure to inorganic and organic forms of MERCURY. Acute intoxication may be associated with gastrointestinal disturbances, mental status changes, and PARAPARESIS. Chronic exposure to inorganic mercury usually occurs in industrial workers, and manifests as mental confusion, prominent behavioral changes (including psychosis), DYSKINESIAS, and NEURITIS. Alkyl mercury poisoning may occur through ingestion of contaminated seafood or grain, and its characteristic features include POLYNEUROPATHY; ATAXIA; vision loss; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; and DEAFNESS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch20, pp10-15)Pia Mater: The innermost layer of the three meninges covering the brain and spinal cord. It is the fine vascular membrane that lies under the ARACHNOID and the DURA MATER.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Brain Stem: The part of the brain that connects the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES with the SPINAL CORD. It consists of the MESENCEPHALON; PONS; and MEDULLA OBLONGATA.Tissue Distribution: Accumulation of a drug or chemical substance in various organs (including those not relevant to its pharmacologic or therapeutic action). This distribution depends on the blood flow or perfusion rate of the organ, the ability of the drug to penetrate organ membranes, tissue specificity, protein binding. The distribution is usually expressed as tissue to plasma ratios.Organ Specificity: Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Cerebellar Diseases: Diseases that affect the structure or function of the cerebellum. Cardinal manifestations of cerebellar dysfunction include dysmetria, GAIT ATAXIA, and MUSCLE HYPOTONIA.Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Cerebrovascular Circulation: The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.Nerve Tissue ProteinsCerebral Ventricles: Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Blood-Brain Barrier: Specialized non-fenestrated tightly-joined ENDOTHELIAL CELLS with TIGHT JUNCTIONS that form a transport barrier for certain substances between the cerebral capillaries and the BRAIN tissue.Brain Diseases: Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.Mice, Inbred ICRSpinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Gangliosides: A subclass of ACIDIC GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS. They contain one or more sialic acid (N-ACETYLNEURAMINIC ACID) residues. Using the Svennerholm system of abbrevations, gangliosides are designated G for ganglioside, plus subscript M, D, or T for mono-, di-, or trisialo, respectively, the subscript letter being followed by a subscript arabic numeral to indicated sequence of migration in thin-layer chromatograms. (From Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1997)Brain Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.Atrophy: Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.Central Nervous System: The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Corpus Callosum: Broad plate of dense myelinated fibers that reciprocally interconnect regions of the cortex in all lobes with corresponding regions of the opposite hemisphere. The corpus callosum is located deep in the longitudinal fissure.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Astrocytes: A class of large neuroglial (macroglial) cells in the central nervous system - the largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord. Astrocytes (from "star" cells) are irregularly shaped with many long processes, including those with "end feet" which form the glial (limiting) membrane and directly and indirectly contribute to the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER. They regulate the extracellular ionic and chemical environment, and "reactive astrocytes" (along with MICROGLIA) respond to injury.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Fetus: The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Cerebral Infarction: The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).Myelin Sheath: The lipid-rich sheath surrounding AXONS in both the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEMS and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The myelin sheath is an electrical insulator and allows faster and more energetically efficient conduction of impulses. The sheath is formed by the cell membranes of glial cells (SCHWANN CELLS in the peripheral and OLIGODENDROGLIA in the central nervous system). Deterioration of the sheath in DEMYELINATING DISEASES is a serious clinical problem.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Collateral Circulation: Maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel. Blood flow is maintained through small vessels.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Nerve Fibers, Myelinated: A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.Cholesterol, Dietary: Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.In Situ Hybridization: A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.

*  Granulomatous meningoencephalitis - Wikipedia
The lesions of GME exist mainly in the white matter of the cerebrum, brainstem, cerebellum, and spinal cord. The cause is only ... It usually is found in the cerebrum or cerebellopontine angle. Symptoms may be acute or develop slowly over several months and ... In Maltese and Pugs there is extensive necrosis and inflammation of the gray matter of the cerebrum and subcortical white ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granulomatous_meningoencephalitis
*  Cerebrum - Wikipedia
In humans, the cerebrum is the largest and best-developed of the five major divisions of the brain. The cerebrum is made up of ... The cerebrum is divided by the medial longitudinal fissure into two cerebral hemispheres, the right and the left. The cerebrum ... Cerebrum. Lateral face. Deep dissection. Cerebrum. Medial face. Deep dissection. List of regions in the human brain The word ... With the assistance of the cerebellum, the cerebrum controls all voluntary actions in the body. The cerebrum is the largest ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebrum
*  Borojevia cerebrum - Wikipedia
Borojevia cerebrum is a species of sponge in the genus Borojevia from the Mediterranean. The species name refers to the brain- ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borojevia_cerebrum
*  Coffin of Cerebrum - Wikipedia
Reviewing Coffin of Cerebrum for The Fandom Post, Matthew Alexander gave the story and art a grade of A-. He called the story " ... Coffin of Cerebrum (セレブラムの柩 ―背徳の半女神―, Sereburamu no Hitsugi -Haitoku no Han Megami-) is a Japanese hentai manga written and ... "Digital Coffin of Cerebrum Release Also Excludes Chapter". Anime News Network. 16 June 2014. Archived from the original on 9 ... セレブラムの柩 ―背徳の半女神― [Coffin of Cerebrum]. Kill Time Communication (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coffin_of_Cerebrum
*  Cerebra - Wikipedia
Cerebra is rarely shown with X-Nation, however, as the bulk of their battles resulted from them running away from the shelter. ... Cerebra, along with Skullfire, Luna and Bloodhawk, stop this plan and destroy Kobolt and the Oasis. As this was a bookshelf ... Cerebra (Shakti Haddad) is a mutant fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. She is a ... Cerebra initially helps to put together a governmental counsel, attempting to recruit Xi'an, who is less than enthusiastic. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebra
*  Cerebrum download | SourceForge.net
Cerebrum has been migrated, and this site is no longer updated or maintained. Branch of University of Oslo: - Homepage: https ... Cerebrum is a Python/RDBMS framework upon which user administration systems can be built. ... www.usit.uio.no/om/tjenestegrupper/cerebrum/ - Code: https://utv.uio.no/stash/projects/CRB ... Download Cerebrum-0.9.3.tar.gz Browse All Files Description. Cerebrum has been migrated, and this site is no longer updated or ...
https://sourceforge.net/projects/cerebrum/
*  Cerebrum - Brain
Cerebrum. The cerebrum is the most superior and anterior of the brain's major regions. It is the seat of reason, planning, ... The meninges surrounding the cerebrum are made of fibrous connective tissues and protect the cerebrum from infections and ... extend from the surface of the cerebrum and are bordered by grooves in the cerebrum. Continue Scrolling To Read More Below... ... The cerebrum is a large, folded mass of nervous tissue that makes up the majority of the human brain. Many ridges of cerebral ...
http://www.innerbody.com/image_nerv02/nerv41-new.html
*  Vermilacinia cerebra - Wikipedia
Vermilacinia cerebra is a fruticose lichen that grows on trees and shrubs in the fog regions along the Pacific Coast of North ... Vermilacinia cerebra is also distinct for the longitudinally 3-5 ribbed branches. These features are evident in a 2012 image of ... Vermilacinia cerebra was described in 1996. Some authors include the species under a very broad species and genus concept; ... Vermilacinia cerebra is classified in the subgenus Cylindricaria in which it is distinguished from related species by the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vermilacinia_cerebra
*  Cerebra Computers - Wikipedia
Cerebra LPO India Ltd. Cerebra Middle East FZCO Cerebra LPO India Ltd. is a legal process outsourcing service provider company ... Cerebra is one of the top 5 Companies in India by Net Profit - BSE in the computer hardware sector. ... Cerebra LPO provides bankruptcy, immigration law, intellectual property law, and personal injury & conveyancing services. List ... Cerebra Integrated Technologies Limited is an Indian multinational that provides infrastructure management, contract ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebra_Computers
*  Category:Cerebrum - Wikimedia Commons
Media in category "Cerebrum". The following 63 files are in this category, out of 63 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Cerebrum&oldid=257326122" ...
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Cerebrum
*  Cerebrum - Conservapedia
The cerebrum is the part of the brain that controls the higher-level nervous center functions such as thought and decision ... Retrieved from "http://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=Cerebrum&oldid=1254558" ...
http://www.conservapedia.com/Cerebrum
*  Cerebra (British charity) - Wikipedia
Cerebra, The Charity for Brain Injured Children, is a UK charity dedicated to helping the parents of children with brain ... Cerebra held a "Children's Awards" ceremony in autumn 2008 (10 Downing Street), autumn 2009 (the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff) ... Their strapline is "Positively Different". Cerebra help children with any kind of brain related condition, whether it be one ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebra_(British_charity)
*  Cerebrum - JRank Articles
Please include a link to this page if you have found this material useful for research or writing a related article. Content on this website is from high-quality, licensed material originally published in print form. You can always be sure you're reading unbiased, factual, and accurate information.. Highlight the text below, right-click, and select "copy". Paste the link into your website, email, or any other HTML document.. ...
http://www.jrank.org/encyclopedia/pages/cmc0pdt443/Cerebrum.html
*  Cerebrum Health Centers Expands Veteran Treatment Program | Business Wire
Cerebrum Health Centers, a leading integrative medical facility for brain health treatment and rehabilitation, is expanding the ... About Cerebrum Health Centers Cerebrum Health Centers is a leading integrative medical facility for brain health treatment and ... "Cerebrum is committed to helping those who have served our country, and our clinicians are able to achieve positive outcomes ... Cerebrum's veteran program has many supporters, including the former governor of Texas, Rick Perry, who recently visited the ...
http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20160310006188/en/Cerebrum-Health-Centers-Expands-Veteran-Treatment-Program
*  Cerebrum compositum NM: uses & side-effects | PatientsLikeMe
Find the most comprehensive real-world treatment information on Cerebrum compositum NM at PatientsLikeMe. 1 patients with ... bipolar I disorder or psoriasis currently take Cerebrum compositum NM. ...
https://www.patientslikeme.com/treatment/10642-cerebrum-compositum-nm-side-effects-and-efficacy
*  New Scientific Information on Cerebrum, DAPI and Isaac Newton Published
... caudate-putamen and cerebrum. Ala-ET-1 increased the level of TIMP-3 mRNA in the cerebrum, but not in the hippocampus or ... The EurekaMag.com review of the cerebrum covers the largest and most highly developed part of the human brain. It encompasses ... Coenurus cysts could be found in a side ventricle, in the cerebellum or in the cerebrum. Another study reveals that multiple ... The cerebrum is involved in several functions of the body including determining intelligence, determining personality, thinking ...
http://www.prweb.com/releases/2011/12/prweb9068190.htm
*  Cerebrum : Wikis (The Full Wiki)
The cerebrum comprises what most people think of as the "brain." It lies in front or on top of the brainstem and in humans is ... Occipital pole of cerebrum · Lateral occipital gyrus (18, 19) · Lunate sulcus · Transverse occipital sulcus ... Occipital pole of cerebrum · Lateral occipital gyrus (18, 19) · Lunate sulcus · Transverse occipital sulcus ... The cerebrum or telencephalon, together with the diencephalon, constitute the forebrain. It is the most anterior or, especially ...
http://www.thefullwiki.org/Cerebrum
*  What separates the cerebrum from the cerebellum? | Reference.com
The cerebrum and cerebellum are separated by the tentorium cerebelli or cerebellar tentorium, according to anatomyEXPERT. The ... The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres. As explained by Mayfield Clinic, ... A: The bicep, like other muscles, is primarily controlled by the cerebrum, a section of the brain located just above the brain ... The cerebrum and cerebellum are separated by the tentorium cerebelli or cerebellar tentorium, according to anatomyEXPERT. The ...
https://www.reference.com/science/separates-cerebrum-cerebellum-2eca56ead291957f
*  Brain Anatomy: Overview, Gross Anatomy: Cerebrum, Gross Anatomy: Cortex
Gross Anatomy: Cerebrum. The cerebrum is the largest component of the brain. It is divided into right and left hemispheres. The ... Similar to the cerebrum, which has gyri and sulci, the cerebellum has finer folia and fissures that increase the surface area. ... The cerebrum is further divided into the telencephalon and diencephalon. The telencephalon consists of the cortex, the ... The tentorium cerebelli is a dura mater fold that separates the cerebellum from the cerebrum. The falx cerebri is a fold that ...
https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1898830-overview
*  Cerebrum 2015: Emerging Ideas in Brain Science
... offers timely ideas in neuroscience and book reviews from a cross-section of ... Drawn from Cerebrum, the Dana Foundation's highly regarded online journal, this seventh anthology will provide readers with a ... "Once again, the Cerebrum anthology provides a very interesting and provocative collection of articles illustrating the ...
http://dana.org/News/Press/Press_Release/Cerebrum_2015__Emerging_Ideas_in_Brain_Science/
*  Gross Anatomy of Human Brain | Cerebrum | Frontal Lobe
Gross Anatomy of Human Brain Cerebrum - largest division of the brain.It is divided into two hemispheres, each of which is ... Gross Anatomy of Human Brain Cerebrum - largest division of the brain.. It is divided into two hemispheres, each of which is ... Cerebral Cortex - the outer most layer of gray matter making up the superficial aspect of the cerebrum. ... separates the cerebrum from the cerebellum o Sylvian/Lateral Fissure - divides the temporal lobe from the Frontal and Parietal ...
https://www.scribd.com/document/167602124/Gross-Anatomy-of-Human-Brain
*  Tag: cerebrum | Highlight HEALTH
The first high-resolution structural connection map of the human cerebral cortex was published earlier this month in the journal PLoS Biology. The study reveals regions that are highly connected and central, forming a structural core network [1]. Intriguingly, this core network consists of many areas that are more active when we're at rest than when we're engaged in a task that requires concentration. ...
http://www.highlighthealth.com/tag/cerebrum/
*  June 2018 - Cerebra
He's a wizard! Thank you Ross and Cerebra.. If you have a challenge that you think the team at the Cerebra Innovation Centre ... enquiries@cerebra.org.uk. Cerebra, 2nd Floor Offices, The Lyric Buildings, King Street, Carmarthen, SA31 1BD ... Cerebra surfboard goes global Recent Comments. *Caroline Mamas-Hall on Eleven year old Alex rides the waves on a surfboard ... Six year-old Jake-Junior to run for Cerebra June 11, 2018. Sarah Jones. Fundraising No Comments ...
https://www.cerebra.org.uk/2018/06/
*  March 2017 - Cerebra
Thank you Cerebra.. The Scooot Seat was originally designed by the team at the Cerebra Innovation Centre (CIC) and is now ... Cerebra Ambassador Sian Taylor attended the evening to share how Cerebra has helped her family since the birth of her son Ollie ... enquiries@cerebra.org.uk. Cerebra, 2nd Floor Offices, The Lyric Buildings, King Street, Carmarthen, SA31 1BD ... Please send your stories to researchinfo@cerebra.org.uk.. Research and Information Request Service March 27, 2017. Elaine ...
http://www.cerebra.org.uk/2017/03/
*  Cerebrum and Cerebellum | Blausen Medical
The cerebrum is divided into two functionally different paired structures - the ri... ... Two major regions of the brain include the cerebrum and cerebellum. ... Two major regions of the brain include the cerebrum and cerebellum. The cerebrum is divided into two functionally different ...
https://blausen.com/en/video/cerebrum-and-cerebellum/

*  Granulomatous meningoencephalitis
The lesions of GME exist mainly in the white matter of the cerebrum, brainstem, cerebellum, and spinal cord. The cause is only ... It usually is found in the cerebrum or cerebellopontine angle. Symptoms may be acute or develop slowly over several months and ... In Maltese and Pugs there is extensive necrosis and inflammation of the gray matter of the cerebrum and subcortical white ...
*  Cerebrum
In humans, the cerebrum is the largest and best-developed of the five major divisions of the brain. The cerebrum is made up of ... The cerebrum is divided by the medial longitudinal fissure into two cerebral hemispheres, the right and the left. The cerebrum ... Cerebrum. Lateral face. Deep dissection. Cerebrum. Medial face. Deep dissection. List of regions in the human brain The word ... With the assistance of the cerebellum, the cerebrum controls all voluntary actions in the body. The cerebrum is the largest ...
*  Borojevia cerebrum
... is a species of sponge in the genus Borojevia from the Mediterranean. The species name refers to the brain- ...
*  Coffin of Cerebrum
Reviewing Coffin of Cerebrum for The Fandom Post, Matthew Alexander gave the story and art a grade of A-. He called the story " ... Coffin of Cerebrum (セレブラムの柩 ―背徳の半女神―, Sereburamu no Hitsugi -Haitoku no Han Megami-) is a Japanese hentai manga written and ... "Digital Coffin of Cerebrum Release Also Excludes Chapter". Anime News Network. 16 June 2014. Archived from the original on 9 ... セレブラムの柩 ―背徳の半女神― [Coffin of Cerebrum]. Kill Time Communication (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. ...
*  Cerebra
... is rarely shown with X-Nation, however, as the bulk of their battles resulted from them running away from the shelter. ... Cerebra, along with Skullfire, Luna and Bloodhawk, stop this plan and destroy Kobolt and the Oasis. As this was a bookshelf ... Cerebra (Shakti Haddad) is a mutant fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. She is a ... Cerebra initially helps to put together a governmental counsel, attempting to recruit Xi'an, who is less than enthusiastic. ...
*  Vermilacinia cerebra
... is a fruticose lichen that grows on trees and shrubs in the fog regions along the Pacific Coast of North ... Vermilacinia cerebra is also distinct for the longitudinally 3-5 ribbed branches. These features are evident in a 2012 image of ... Vermilacinia cerebra was described in 1996. Some authors include the species under a very broad species and genus concept; ... Vermilacinia cerebra is classified in the subgenus Cylindricaria in which it is distinguished from related species by the ...
*  Cerebra Computers
Cerebra LPO India Ltd. Cerebra Middle East FZCO Cerebra LPO India Ltd. is a legal process outsourcing service provider company ... Cerebra is one of the top 5 Companies in India by Net Profit - BSE in the computer hardware sector. ... Cerebra LPO provides bankruptcy, immigration law, intellectual property law, and personal injury & conveyancing services. List ... Cerebra Integrated Technologies Limited is an Indian multinational that provides infrastructure management, contract ...
*  Cerebra (British charity)
Cerebra, The Charity for Brain Injured Children, is a UK charity dedicated to helping the parents of children with brain ... Cerebra held a "Children's Awards" ceremony in autumn 2008 (10 Downing Street), autumn 2009 (the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff) ... Their strapline is "Positively Different". Cerebra help children with any kind of brain related condition, whether it be one ...
*  Superior temporal gyrus
... labeled at center, in green section.) Cerebrum. Lateral view. Deep dissection. Superior temporal gyrus ...
*  Supramarginal gyrus
... is labeled by *. Cerebrum. Lateral view.Deep dissection. Cerebrum. Lateral view.Deep dissection. Cerebrum. ...
*  Olfactory sulcus
Cerebrum.Inferior view. Deep dissection. Cerebrum. Inferior view.Deep dissection This article incorporates text in the public ... Basal view of a human brain Olfactory sulcus Cerebrum. Optic and olfactory nerves.Inferior view. Deep dissection. ...
*  Angular gyrus
Cerebrum. Lateral view.Deep dissection. Cerebrum. Lateral view.Deep dissection. Cerebrum. Lateral view.Deep dissection. John, ... Henschen, SL (1919). "On language, music and calculation mechanisms and their localisation in the cerebrum". Zeitschrift für ...
*  Red nucleus
Cerebrum. Inferior view.Deep dissection Wikipedia Red Nucleus Revision https://sites.google.com/site/childrenoftheamphioxus/ ...
*  Gina Rippon bibliography
See also: Cahill, Larry (March-April 2014). "Equal ≠ The Same: Sex Differences in the Human Brain". Cerebrum. Dana Foundation. ...
*  Joseph Osuigwe Chidiebere
"Maximizing Your Brain...a pathway to becoming an intellectual giant , Cerebrum , Intelligence". Scribd. SCRIB. Retrieved 13 ...
*  Inferior temporal gyrus
Cerebrum. Lateral view. Deep dissection. Inferior temporal gyrus labeled at bottom center. Cognitive neuroscience of visual ...
*  Anelis Kaiser
See also: Cahill, Larry (March-April 2014). "Equal ≠ The Same: Sex Differences in the Human Brain". Cerebrum. Dana Foundation. ...
*  Levitin effect
D. Huron (2006). "Exploring How Music Works Its Wonders". Cerebrum. [page needed] "Common expressions: Levitin". Webster's ...
*  Lamina terminalis
Cerebrum. Inferior view.Deep dissection Hypothalamus Vascular organ of lamina terminalis Cistern of lamina terminalis This ...
*  Daniel Levitin
D. Huron (2006). "Exploring How Music Works Its Wonders". Cerebrum. "Common expressions: Levitin". Webster's Online Dictionary ...
*  Longitudinal fissure
Cerebrum. Inferior view. Deep dissection. Meninges and superficial cerebral veins. Deep dissection. Superior view. Anatomy ... Human brain - left and right hemispheres - superior-lateral view Basal view of a human brain Cerebrum. Optic and olfactory ... facies dorsalis cerebri gyri Cerebrum. Medial face. Dissection of corpus callosum etc. ...
*  Middle temporal gyrus
Cerebrum. Lateral view. Deep dissection. Superior temporal gyrus is labeled at bottom center. Acheson, DJ.; Hagoort, P. (Oct ...
*  Spinal nerve
Dissection images Cerebrum. Inferior view. Deep dissection. Cerebrum. Inferior view. Deep dissection. Spinal nerves. Spinal ...
*  Orbital sulcus
It is divided into four orbital gyri by a well-marked H-shaped orbital sulcus Cerebrum. Inferior view. Cerebrum. Inferior view ...
*  Rebecca Jordan-Young
See also: Cahill, Larry (March-April 2014). "Equal ≠ The Same: Sex Differences in the Human Brain". Cerebrum. Dana Foundation. ...

(1/355) Meningoencephalitis in an adult cow due to Mortierella woifli.

A 7-year-old dairy cow presented with clinical signs of neurologic disease. Despite treatment with penicillin, the cow died 36 hours after initial presentation. Necropsy examination revealed multiple foci of hemorrhage within the cerebrum and thickened meninges. Additionally, endometritis and consolidation of approximately 30% of both lungs was observed. Histology revealed necrotizing vasculitis, infarction, and hemorrhage within sections of the brain, uterus, and lung. Large numbers of intralesional fungal hyphae were visible. Because only formalin-fixed tissue was available, polymerase chain reaction was used to make an etiologic diagnosis of Mortierella wolfii.  (+info)

(2/355) Left unilateral neglect as a disconnection syndrome.

Unilateral spatial neglect is a disabling neurological condition that typically results from right hemisphere damage. Neglect patients are unable to take into account information coming from the left side of space. The study of neglect is important for understanding the brain mechanisms of spatial cognition, but its anatomical correlates are currently the object of intense debate. We propose a reappraisal of the contribution of disconnection factors to the pathophysiology of neglect based on a review of animal and patient studies. These indicate that damage to the long-range white matter pathways connecting parietal and frontal areas within the right hemisphere may constitute a crucial antecedent of neglect. Thus, neglect would not result from the dysfunction of a single cortical region but from the disruption of large networks made up of distant cortical regions. In this perspective, we also reexamined the possible contribution to neglect of interhemispheric disconnection. The reviewed evidence, often present in previous studies but frequently overlooked, is consistent with the existence of distributed cortical networks for orienting of attention in the normal brain, has implications for theories of neglect and normal spatial processing, opens perspectives for research on brain-behavior relationships, and suggests new possibilities for patient diagnosis and rehabilitation.  (+info)

(3/355) MEG mapping in multiple sclerosis patients.

AIM: The research over the past decade suggests that multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease due to disorders of the immune system. Since the immune system is regulated by the pineal gland, which exerts immunomodulatory action with the secretion of melatonin and profound effects on electrical activity in the hippocampus, cerebellum and reticular formation structures, we have used magnetoencephalogram (MEG) recordings from MS patients in order to find any differentiation in brain activity in comparison with controls. METHODS: Ten MS patients and 10 controls were included in this study. The measurements were performed with a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) in an electrically shielded room. For each patient the magnetic activity was recorded from a total of 32 points of the skull as defined by a recording reference system, which is based on the International 10-20 Electrode Placement System. RESULTS: The biomagnetic signals (waveforms) were expressed in terms of magnetic power spectral amplitudes in the frequency range of 2-7 Hz. Some of the recorded points were observed to exhibit abnormal rhythmic activity, characterized by lower amplitudes and frequencies compared with controls. Using the MEG brain activity we were able to obtain a mapping technique characterized by the ISO-spectral amplitude of scalp distribution. CONCLUSION: This study, although preliminary, presents a novel approach for measuring brain biomagnetic activity from MS patients.  (+info)

(4/355) Evaluation of fetal regional cerebral blood perfusion using power Doppler ultrasound and the estimation of fractional moving blood volume.

OBJECTIVE: To standardize the evaluation of regional fetal brain blood perfusion, using power Doppler ultrasound (PDU) to estimate the fractional moving blood volume (FMBV) and to evaluate the reproducibility of this estimation. METHODS: Brain blood perfusion was evaluated in 35 normally grown fetuses at 28-30 weeks of gestation, using PDU. The following cerebral regions were included in the PDU color box: anterior sagittal, complete sagittal, basal ganglia, and cerebellar. Ten consecutive good-quality images of each anatomical plane were recorded and the delimitation of the region of interest (ROI) was performed off-line. FMBV was quantified in the ROI of all images and the mean considered as the final value. Differences between regions, variability, reproducibility and agreement between observers were assessed. RESULTS: Power Doppler images of the described anatomical planes were obtained in all cases, regardless of fetal position. The median time for the acquisition of the images was 7 (range 4-12) min. Mean (range) FMBV values were: anterior sagittal, 16.5 (10.7-22.8)%, inter-patient coefficient of variation (CV) 0.22; complete sagittal, 13.5 (8.8-16.1)%, CV 0.27; basal ganglia, 18.3 (10.7-27.6)%, CV 0.27; and cerebellar, 6.6 (3.0-11.0)%, CV 0.38. There were statistically significant differences in FMBV between cerebellar and complete sagittal ROIs with the frontal and basal ganglia regions. Reproducibility analyses showed an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.91 (95% CI 0.67-0.97) and an interclass correlation coefficient of 0.87 (95% CI 0.70-0.94). Interobserver agreement showed a mean difference between observers of -0.2 (SD 2.7) with 95% limits of agreement -5.6 to 5.2. CONCLUSIONS: When the regions of interest are well defined, the FMBV estimate offers a method to quantify blood flow perfusion in different fetal cerebral areas. There appear to be regional differences in FMBV within the fetal brain.  (+info)

(5/355) IKAP/hELP1 deficiency in the cerebrum of familial dysautonomia patients results in down regulation of genes involved in oligodendrocyte differentiation and in myelination.

The gene affected in the congenital neuropathy familial dysautonomia (FD) is IKBKAP that codes for the IKAP/hELP1 protein. Several different functions have been suggested for this protein, but none of them have been verified in vivo or shown to have some link with the FD phenotype. In an attempt to elucidate the involvement of IKAP/hELP1 in brain function, we searched for IKAP/hELP1 target genes associated with neuronal function. In a microarray expression analysis using RNA extracted from the cerebrum of two FD patients as well as sex and age matched controls, no genes were found to be upregulated in the FD cerebrum. However, 25 genes were downregulated more than 2-fold in the cerebrum of both the male FD child and female FD mature woman. Thirteen of them are known to be involved in oligodendrocyte development and myelin formation. The down regulation of all these genes was verified by real-time PCR. Four of these genes were also confirmed to be downregulated at the protein level. These results are statistically significant and have high biological relevance, since seven of the downregulated genes in the cerebrum of the FD patients were shown by others to be upregulated during oligodendrocyte differentiation in vitro. Our results therefore suggest that IKAP/hELP1 may play a role in oligodendrocyte differentiation and/or myelin formation.  (+info)

(6/355) Enhanced cortical activation in the contralesional hemisphere of chronic stroke patients in response to motor skill challenge.

The brain processes involved in the restoration of motor skill after hemiparetic stroke are not fully understood. The current study compared cortical activity in chronic stroke patients who successfully recovered hand motor skill and normal control subjects during performance of kinematically matched unskilled and skilled hand movements using functional magnetic resonance imaging. We found that cortical activation during performance of the unskilled movement was increased in the patients relative to controls in the contralesional primary sensorimotor cortex. Performance of the skilled movement elicited increased activation in the patients relative to controls in the contralesional primary sensorimotor cortex, ventral premotor cortex, supplementary motor area/cingulate, and occipitoparietal cortex. Further, the activation change in the contralesional occipitoparietal cortex was greater in the patients relative to controls with the increase in motor skill challenge. Kinematic differences, mirror movements, and residual motor deficits did not account for the enhanced activation in the contralesional cortices in the patients. These results suggest that activation in the contralesional cortical network was enhanced as a function of motor skill challenge in stroke patients with good motor recovery. The findings of the current study suggest that successful recovery of motor skill after hemiparetic stroke involves participation of the contralesional cortical network.  (+info)

(7/355) Transfrontal three-dimensional visualization of midline cerebral structures.

OBJECTIVE: To compare sonographic visualization of midline cerebral structures obtained by two-dimensional (2D) imaging and three-dimensional (3D) multiplanar and volume contrast imaging in the coronal plane (VCI-C), with transfrontal 3D acquisition. METHODS: Sixty consecutive healthy fetuses in vertex presentation at a mean gestational age of 24 (range, 20-33) weeks underwent 2D and 3D ultrasound examination. Sagittal cerebral planes were reconstructed using 3D acquisition from axial planes by multiplanar analysis and by VCI-C. The reconstructed midline images of both these techniques were compared with the midline structures visualized directly in the A-plane by transfrontal 3D acquisition using a sweep angle of 30 degrees . Measurement of the corpus callosum and cerebellar vermis and visualization of the fourth ventricle and the main vermian fissures were compared. The sharpness of the images was also assessed qualitatively. Mid-sagittal tomographic ultrasound imaging (TUI) was also performed. 3D planes were compared with 2D transfontanelle median planes obtained by transabdominal or, when required, transvaginal sonography. RESULTS: The midline plane could be obtained in 88% of multiplanar, 82% of VCI-C and 87% of transfrontal analyses. Measurements of the corpus callosum and cerebellar vermis obtained by 3D median planes were highly correlated. The clearest and sharpest definition of midline structures was obtained with transfrontal acquisition. Primary and secondary fissures of the cerebellar vermis could be detected in 13-26% of multiplanar, 18-35% of VCI-C and 52-79% of transfrontal analyses. 2D visualization was superior or equal to the 3D transfrontal approach in all the parameters compared. CONCLUSION: 3D planes obtained from axial acquisitions are simpler and easier to display than are transfrontal ones. However, artifacts and acoustic shadowing are frequent in 3D axial acquisition and spatial resolution is better in the direct visualization transfrontal technique. If the standard examination includes a view of the fetal facial profile, a quick 3D acquisition through the frontal sutures provides direct visualization for assessment of the midline structures. We believe that this volumetric methodology could represent a step towards incorporating a comprehensive fetal neuroscan into routine targeted organ evaluation.  (+info)

(8/355) Effects of supplemental O2 inhalation on cerebral oxygenation during exercise in patients with left ventricular dysfunction.

BACKGROUND: It has been recently reported that cerebral oxyhemoglobin (O(2)Hb) decreases during exercise in nearly 50% of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. The present study evaluated whether the inhalation of supplemental O(2) diminishes the decrease in cerebral O(2)Hb during exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction <50% and a clearly observable decrease in cerebral O(2)Hb during preliminary exercise testing underwent 2 additional symptom-limited incremental exercise tests: 1 while breathing room air (control) and the other while breathing 50% O(2). In the latter test, the switch from room air to 50% O(2) was performed, on average, at 43.0+/-14.2 W. Cerebral O(2)Hb was continuously monitored during exercise using near-infrared spectroscopy. In the control exercise test, cerebral O(2)Hb gradually decreased as the work rate increased in all the subjects. When the subjects breathed 50% O(2), this decrease in cerebral O(2)Hb was diminished. The change in cerebral O(2)Hb from rest to peak exercise during the test under 50% O(2) was significantly higher than that during the control test (-0.23 +/-1.89 vs -2.47+/-1.57 micromol/L, p=0.002). Similarly, the change in the cerebral tissue oxygenation index was significantly higher in the test under 50% O(2) (0.45 +/-4.46 vs -3.33+/-3.06%, p=0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Impaired cerebral oxygenation during moderate to heavy intensity exercise in patients with left ventricular dysfunction can be offset by breathing supplemental O(2).  (+info)


  • forebrain
  • The latest articles cover Cerebrum which is a part of the forebrain directing the conscious or volitional motor functions of the body, DAPI which is a fluorescent stain that binds strongly to A-T rich regions in DNA and is extensively in fluorescence microscopy. (prweb.com)
  • sensory
  • Sensory neurons carry signals to the cerebrum from billions of sensory receptors found throughout the body. (innerbody.com)
  • These neurons end at the sensory areas of the cerebrum, where the information is received, processed, and passed on to association areas. (innerbody.com)
  • His Mum Nicola explains why Jake - Junior decided to fundraise for us: "Cerebra helped us with his sleeping issues, making sure we all get a good night's sleep, and gave advice on his sensory problems. (cerebra.org.uk)
  • largest
  • The cerebrum is the newest structure in the phylogenetic sense, with mammals having the largest and most well-developed among all species . (thefullwiki.org)
  • species
  • Borojevia cerebrum is a species of sponge in the genus Borojevia from the Mediterranean. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vermilacinia cerebra is classified in the subgenus Cylindricaria in which it is distinguished from related species by the thallus divided into tubular inflated or somewhat compressed fan-shaped branches. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • The neural networks of the cerebrum facilitate complex behaviors such as social interactions, learning, working memory , and in humans, speech and language . (thefullwiki.org)
  • provides
  • By combining comprehensive and research-based patient examinations, Cerebrum Health Centers provides innovative and individualized patient treatment programs. (businesswire.com)
  • Once again, the Cerebrum anthology provides a very interesting and provocative collection of articles illustrating the diversity of modern neuroscience research and its broad implications for the human condition. (dana.org)
  • Cerebra Integrated Technologies Limited is an Indian multinational that provides infrastructure management, contract manufacturing/EMS and outsourcing services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebra LPO provides bankruptcy, immigration law, intellectual property law, and personal injury & conveyancing services. (wikipedia.org)
  • email
  • You can contact them via email at cic@cerebra.org.uk or by phone on 01792 483688. (cerebra.org.uk)
  • To borrow books from the library please email the librarian Jan Pugh on janetp@cerebra.org.uk . (cerebra.org.uk)
  • If you want to have a break from gambling you can email us at enquiries@cerebra.org.uk with your name, address and membership number(s). (cerebra.org.uk)
  • left
  • The cerebrum is contralaterally organized, i.e., right hemisphere controls and processes signals from the left side of the body, while the left hemisphere controls and processes signals from the right side of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • help
  • Drawn from Cerebrum, the Dana Foundation's highly regarded online journal, this seventh anthology will provide readers with a greater understanding of the human condition and how advances in medicine and science help us lead longer, healthier lives. (dana.org)
  • If you have a challenge that you think the team at the Cerebra Innovation Centre can help with, get in touch! (cerebra.org.uk)