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*  Gaia Herbs Cinnamon Bark capsule,Dietary medical source remedy,Cinnamon Bark capsule relief,Cinnamon bark herbal nutrients
Cinnamon Bark ETOH (Cinnamomum burmanii) 200 mcg. STANDARDIZED TO FULL SPECTRUM ACTIVITY PROFILE PER DOSE Cinnamaldehydes 33.75 ... Extract (Cinnamomum spp.) 50 mg. Cinnamon bark, Hydro-ethanolic. Extract (Cinnamomum spp.) 200 mg. VALIDATED FULL SPECTRUM ...
http://www.bayho.com/p/853056.html
*  Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio sobre...
... syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio sobre bacterias y hongos. [Beatriz Padrón Márquez;] ... Add tags for "Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto ... schema:name "Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio ... Identificación de compuestos de melia azedarach, syzgium aromaticum y cinnamomum zeylanicum con efecto inhibitorio sobre ...
http://www.worldcat.org/title/identificacion-de-compuestos-de-melia-azedarach-syzgium-aromaticum-y-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-con-efecto-inhibitorio-sobre-bacterias-y-hongos/oclc/847471644
*  Browse Products Containing: CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWG
Products containing CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM made by company: Pharmacopia There are no products in the database that match your ...
http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/browse.php?comp_id=1133&ingred06=701367&showmore=products&atatime=50
*  Browse Products Containing: CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWG
Skin Care , Hair Removal , Shaving Cream (men's) containing CINNAMOMUM ZEYLANICUM There are no products in the database that ...
http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/browse.php?ingred06=701367&category=shaving_cream_
*  Cinnamomum zeylanicum | Article about cinnamomum zeylanicum by The Free Dictionary
Take with anything sugary or sweet because it helps... Explanation of cinnamomum zeylanicum ... Find out information about cinnamomum zeylanicum. cinnamon Grows to 50ft The inner barkConsidered by many cultures to have ... cinnamomum zeylanicum. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.. Related to cinnamomum zeylanicum: Ceylon ... Characteristics of Cinnamomum zeylanicum oil General Characteristics of Cinnamomum zeylanicum oil against P.. Novel medical ...
https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Cinnamomum+zeylanicum
*  Aromaforce Cinnamon Essential Oil (Cinnamomum zeylanicum)
Cinnamomum zeylanicum) is steam distilled from the leaf. Bold, warm fragrance, spicy and woody. Undiluted essential oil. ... home > aromatherapy > Aromaforce® Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum). Aromaforce® Cinnamon Essential Oil. (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) ...
https://www.avogel.ca/en/essential-oils/cinnamon.php
*  Medicinal properties of 'true' cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum): a systematic review | BMC Complementary and Alternative...
Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CZ) and Cinnamon cassia (CC) (also known as Cinnamomum aromaticum/ Chinese cinnamon). In addition to its ... Comparative study on anti-microbial activities of bark oil extract from cinnamomum cassia and cinnamomum zeylanicum. Biosci ... Cinnamomum zeylanicum True cinnamonCeylon cinnamonMedicinal propertiesHealth benefits. Background. Cinnamon is a common spice ... Javed I, Faisal I, Zia Ur R, Khan MZ, Muhammad F, Aslam B, Ahmad M, Shahzadi A: Lipid lowering effect of cinnamomum zeylanicum ...
https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-13-275/
*  Medicinal properties of 'true' cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum): a systematic review | BMC Complementary and Alternative...
... vivo studies from different parts of the world have demonstrated numerous beneficial medicinal effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum ... Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CZ) and Cinnamon cassia (CC) (also known as Cinnamomum aromaticum/ Chinese cinnamon). In addition to its ... Comparative study on anti-microbial activities of bark oil extract from cinnamomum cassia and cinnamomum zeylanicum. Biosci ... Javed I, Faisal I, Zia Ur R, Khan MZ, Muhammad F, Aslam B, Ahmad M, Shahzadi A: Lipid lowering effect of cinnamomum zeylanicum ...
https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-13-275
*  Cinnamomum Zeylanicum | Pioneer Herbal
... cinnamomum zeylanicum nees, cinnamomum zeylanicum plant, cinnamomum zeylanicum seeds, cinnamomum zeylanicum tree, of cinnamomum ... buy cinnamomum zeylanicum, cinnamomum zeylanicum, cinnamomum zeylanicum bark, cinnamomum zeylanicum bark extract, ... Description : Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both ... While Cinnamomum verum is sometimes considered to be "true cinnamon", most cinnamon in international commerce is derived from ...
https://www.pioneerherbal.com/cinnamomum-zeylanicum/
*  Cinnamomum Zeylanicum | Pioneer Herbal
Buy cinnamomum zeylanicum, cinnamomum tree, cinnamomum zeylanicum plant, cinnamomum zeylanicum seeds, cinnamomum zeylanicum ... cinnamon zeylanicum, ground cinnamon, of cinnamomum zeylanicum, what is cinnamon, zeylanicum tree, dalchini in, dalchini in ... cinnamon cinnamomum zeylanicum, cinnamon essential oil, cinnamon essential oils, cinnamon oil, cinnamon plant, cinnamon spice, ... Description : Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both ...
https://www.pioneerherbal.com/cinnamomum-zeylanicum-dalchini-cinnamon/
*  Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) - Nature's Pathways Magazine
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum spp.). Natural Standard Database Web site. Accessed at naturalstandard.com on October 7, 2011. ...
http://naturespathways.com/herb-blurb/item/2549-cinnamon-cinnamomum-zeylanicum
*  Pharmaceutical Pellets | Dalchini Pellets [Cinnamomum Zeylanicum]
Dalchini Pellets [Cinnamomum Zeylanicum]. Cinnamomum verum, called "true cinnamon", Ceylon cinnamon or Sri Lanka cinnamon is a ... The old botanical synonym for the tree-Cinnamomum zeylanicum-is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon.. Cinnamomum verum ...
http://www.pharmaceuticalpellets.com/herbal-pellets/dalchini-pellets-cinnamomum-zeylanicum.php
*  Cinnamon-Cinnamomum Zeylanicum - Stay Healthy Till 70...and forever
How do we use Cinnamon-Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, 'The Medicinal Benefits':. *Cinnamon-Cinnamomum Zeylanicum is Natural-Easily ... Cinnamon-Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (दारुचिनी, दालचीनी ):. (V- P+ K-) It is Bitter, Sweet and Pungent in taste, 'Virya' is Heating ... Categories Ayurvedic Herbs, Daily Use Kitchen-Herbs, Herbs - Other ArticlesTags Cinnamomum Zeylanicum, Cinnamon and Honey, ...
http://www.stayhealthytill70.com/cinnamomum-zeylanicum/
*  Common Name: Cinnamon | Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum - DoctorSchar.com
Oh happy day! A medicinal plant that tastes as nice as it acts on the body! Cinnamon is mostly thought of as a dusting for a doughnut, but, there is much, much more to this simple spice. It has been used for centuries to stimulate vitality and vigor, and, speed recovery from life threatening acute disease like dysentery. This is a household object it pays to study. Get to know this one!
http://doctorschar.com/cinnamon-cinnamomum-zeylanicum/
*  Cinnamon - Cinnamomi cortex (Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl, (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees)) - Herbal Reference
Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl, (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees)) - Cinnamomi cortex leaflet. ... Latin name of the genus: Cinnamomi cortex. Botanical name of plant: Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl, (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees) ... Keywords: cinnamomum, cinnamon, cinnamomum verum cinnamomum zeylanicum alone or combined with volatile oil, essential oil, ... 2.Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl. is also known by the synonym Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume and is member of Lauraceae family ( ...
https://herbalref.com/cinnamomum-cinnamon-cinnamomi-cortex/
*  Phytochemical Analysis of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Bark and Molecular Docking of Procyanidin B2 against the Transcription Factor...
The bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum commonly known as Ceylon cinnamon is commonly used in Ayurvedic medicine. Method: In this ... Home Free Radicals and Antioxidants, Vol 7, Issue 2, Jul-Dec, 2017 Phytochemical Analysis of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Bark and ... Phytochemical Analysis of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Bark and Molecular Docking of Procyanidin B2 against the Transcription Factor ... Phytochemical Analysis of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Bark and Molecular Docking of Procyanidin B2 against the Transcription Factor ...
http://antiox.org/article/80
*  Antifungal Activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Essential Oil Against Clinical Isolates of Aspegillus - Journal of Medicinal...
Cinnamomum zeylanicum is an evergreen tree 10-15 meter length and belongs to Lauraceae family. It grows in Srilanka. Its ... Cinnamomum zeylanicum is an evergreen tree 10-15 meter length and belongs to Lauraceae family. It grows in Srilanka. Its ... Antifungal Activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Essential Oil Against Clinical Isolates of Aspegillus ... Methods: Broth microdilution method was used in this research .Essential oil of Cinnamomum zeylanicum was extracted by means of ...
http://jmp.ir/article-1-247-en.html
*  Cinnamon Bark Oil - Cinnamomi corticis aetheroleum (Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees)) - Herbal...
Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees)) - Cinnamomi corticis aetheroleum leaflet. ... Keywords: cinnamomum, cinnamon, cinnamomum verum cinnamomum zeylanicum alone or combined with volatile oil, essential oil, ... Cinnamon Bark Oil - Cinnamomi corticis aetheroleum (Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees)). ... 2.Cinnamomum verum J. S. Presl. is also known by the synonym Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume and is member of Lauraceae family ( ...
https://herbalref.com/cinnamomum-cinnamon-bark-oil-cinnamomi-corticis-aetheroleum/
*  Inhibitory activity of Indian spice plant Cinnamomum zeylanicum extracts against Alternaria solani and Curvularia lunata, the...
Cinnamomum zeylanicum (Cz), against the growth of two species of dematiaceous moulds, Alternaria solani and Curvularia lunata. ... Inhibitory activity of Indian spice plant Cinnamomum zeylanicum extracts against Alternaria solani and Curvularia lunata, the ... There are some reports on antimicrobial activity of Cinnamomum zeylanicum (Cz) against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria ... Ranasinghe L, Jayawardena B, Abeywickrama K: Fungicidal activity of essential oils of Cinnamomum zeylanicum (L) and Syzygium ...
https://ann-clinmicrob.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-0711-8-9
*  Top 4 List of Spices and Herbs for Good Digestion | HubPages
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum). Extremely popular around the winter holidays, this spice acts as both an antibiotic agent and ...
https://hubpages.com/health/Top-4-List-of-Spices-and-Herbs-for-Good-Digestion
*  Top 10 Health Benefits of Cinnamon
The aim of the study was to evaluate the short-term and medium-term effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum extracts on food ... Medicinal uses of Cinnamomum zeylanicum:. *It is anti-toxic hence useful in toxic conditions. ...
https://www.selfgrowth.com/articles/top-10-health-benefits-of-cinnamon
*  Cinnamon Herb Health Benefits
For a more intense, spicy cinnamon choose Cinnamomum cassia. Ceylon cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, has a sweeter, more ... Ceylon cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is considered the true cinnamon in most of the rest of the world. The two are similar ... Cinnamon Side Effects: Cassia cinnamon contains coumarin, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, sweet cinnamon only has trace amounts. Taking ... Related Species Camphor Cinnamomum camphora Cassia Bark , Chinese cinnamon Cinnamomum cassia syn. C. aromaticum ...
https://www.anniesremedy.com/cinnamomum-zeylanicum-cinnamon.php?gc=b15
*  Aromatherapy - the art and science of using aromatic essential oils.
Cassia (Cinnamomum zeylanicum). Beneficial in the following: Used as inhalant for stimulation and depression. Use with extreme ...
http://ageless.co.za/aroma.htm
*  Ciproxin synonyms, Ciproxin antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Cinnamomum loureirii. *Cinnamomum zeylanicum. *cinnamon. *cinnamon bark. *cinnamon bear. *cinnamon bread. *cinnamon bun ...
http://www.freethesaurus.com/Ciproxin

*  Muscodor
nov., an endophyte from Cinnamomum zeylanicum". Mycotaxon. 79: 67-79. New endophytic isolates of Muscodor albus, a volatile- ... Suwannarach N, Bussaban B, Hyde KD, Lumyong S (2010). "Muscodor cinnamomi, a new endophytic species from Cinnamomum bejolghota ...
*  Asuroides sagenaria
The larvae feed on lichens and Cinnamomum zeylanicum. African Moths Archived October 6, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Images of ...
*  Cinnamon
ISBN 1-59339-292-3. (species Cinnamomum zeylanicum), bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) native to Malabar ... Jayaprakasha, G. K.; Rao, L. J. (2011). "Chemistry, biogenesis, and biological activities of Cinnamomum zeylanicum". Critical ... Only a few Cinnamomum species are grown commercially for spice. Cinnamomum verum is sometimes considered to be "true cinnamon ... Quills of Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum) on the left, and Indonesian cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmannii) on the right Essential ...
*  Flora of Minas Gerais
Ocotea megaphylla - Cinnamomum zeylanicum - Persea americana - Persea indica. Vernonia polysphaera - Bellis annua - Pluchea ...
*  Phyllocnistis chrysophthalma
The hostplants for the species include Cinnamomum verum and Cinnamomum zeylanicum. They mine the leaves of their host plant. ...
*  Cinnamtannin B1
2005). "Antidiabetic effect of Cinnamomum cassia and Cinnamomum zeylanicum In vivo and In vitro". Phytotherapy Research. 19 (3 ... "A proanthocyanidin from Cinnamomum zeylanicum stimulates phosphorylation of insulin receptor in 3T3-L1 adipocyties" (PDF). ... Cinnamtannin B1 is a condensed tannin found in Cinnamomum verum. It is a type A proanthocyanidin. Cinnamon could have some ... with the exception of the postmenopausal patients studied on Cinnamomum aromaticum. Cinnamtannin B1 possesses several phenolic ...
*  Nepalese honey with tejpat oil
2010). Superheated water extraction of essential oils from Cinnamomum zeylanicum (L.). Retrieved November 20, 2015. Karki, T. ( ... Lamichhane, D., & Karna, N. (2010). Harvesting methods of Cinnamomum tamala leaves in private land: A case study from Udayapur ... Banko Banko Janakari, 19(2). Sharma, G., & Nautiyal, A. (2011). Cinnamomum tamala: A valuable tree from Himalayas. ... Cinnamomum tamala ("tejpat"), and incorporated into honey for digestion. With the rise of the tea industry in North America, C. ...
*  Caryophyllene
Cinnamomum zeylanicum) [6.9-11.1%] Malabathrum (Cinnamomum tamala) [25.3%] Ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata) [3.1-10.7%] Copaiba ... 2003). "Volatile constituents of essential oils isolated from different parts of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume)". ... 2000). "Essential oil constituents of the spice Cinnamomum tamala (Ham.) Nees & Eberm". Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 15 (6): ...
*  A-type proanthocyanidin
Cinnamomum zeylanicum L.) in rats". Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 56 (4): 671-675. doi:10.1002/mnfr.201100672. PMID 22383303. Howell AB ... Cinnamomum zeylanicum L.) using MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry". Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 402 (3): 1327-1336. ...
*  Proanthocyanidin
Cinnamomum zeylanicum L.) using MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometry". Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 402 (3): 1327-1336. ... and in the bark of Cinnamomum (cinnamon) and Pinus pinaster (formerly known as Pinus maritima), along with many other pine ...
*  Cinnamomum citriodorum
The highly-valued commercial cinnamon from Sri Lanka is known as Cinnamomum zeylanicum World Conservation Monitoring Centre. ... Cinnamomum citriodorum is a species of flowering plant in the family Lauraceae. It is endemic to Sri Lanka. ... Cinnamomum citriodorum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998. Downloaded on 26 September 2015.. ...
*  Cinnamomum verum
species Cinnamomum zeylanicum), bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) native to Bangladesh, Sri Lanka (Ceylon ... Leaves of the Cinnamomum verum plant Leaves of the Cinnamomum verum plant Bark, powder and dried flowers from Cinnamomum verum ... The old botanical synonym for the tree-Cinnamomum zeylanicum-is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon. Sri Lanka still ... Cinnamomum verum trees are 10-15 metres (30-50 feet) tall. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7-18 cm (3-7 inches) long. ...
*  Sitopaladi churna
Elettaria cardamomum and Cinnamomum zeylanicum,[unreliable source?] claimed to have an antihistaminic effect. It is used for ...
*  Incense offering in rabbinic literature
Cinnamomum tamala, or Cinnamomum zeylanicum, syn. C. verum). The famous Talmudic commentator, RASHI, also calls "qelufah" by ... Alternatively, the "qinnamon" may have referred to Sandalwood (Santalum album). Our regular cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) ... Cinnamomum zeylanicum). The Persian loanword is, itself, borrowed from the Hindi, dālacīnī. Rabbi Avraham ibn Ezra (1092-1167 ... Cinnamomum cassia , syn. Cinnamomum aromaticum), or else one of the species endemic to the Indian subcontinent ( ...
*  Archips seditiosa
Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Glycine max. Eurasian Tortricidae. ...
*  Tree
These include cinnamon, made from the bark of the cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and allspice, the dried small fruits of ... The camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) produces an essential oil and the eucalyptus tree (Eucalyptus globulus) is the main ...
*  Graphium sarpedon
In particular, G.s. sarpedon and G.s. teredon often feed on leaves of the cinnamon bark tree (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) or of the ... Cinnamomum macrocarpum, Cinnamomum malabathrum, Litsea chinensis, Polyalthia longifolia, Miliusa tomentosa, Persea macrantha ... Cinnamomum camphora, which is native to China but has been naturalized throughout south-east Asia. The egg is yellowish, laid ... Indian laurel (Litsea sebifera). The list of larval food plants also include Alseodaphne semecarpifolia, Cinnamomum camphora, ...
*  North-West University Botanical Garden
Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon), Oryza sativa (rice), Theobroma cacao (cacao), Siphonochilus aethiopicus (wild ginger), ...
*  Wildlife of Karnataka
Artocarpus lacoocha and Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Fauna: Mammals in the park include Indian elephant, gaur, wild boar, sambar, ... Chamaeleo zeylanicus), skinks (Mabuya spp.), geckos (Hemidactylus), common rat snake (Ptyas mucosus), Indian cobra (Naja naja ... The evergreen forests in this sanctuary include species like Cinnamomum zeylancium, Cedrela toona and Alstonia scholaris. ...
*  Laiwangi Wanggameti National Park
Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Myristica littoralis, Toona sureni, Sterculia foetida, Schleichera oleosa, and Palaquium obovatum. ...
*  Basil
Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and oil from the clove basil Ocimum gratissimum. While eugenol is often referred to as ... Johnson, B. ...
*  Theriac
Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon), Cinnamomum aromaticum (cassia) Leaves: Teucrium scordium (water germander), Fraxinus ...
*  Kamby arro
Cinnamomum zeylanicum or Cinnamomum verum, a tree of perennial leaves of about 10 or 15 meters tall, originary of Sri Lanka and ...
*  Spice use in Antiquity
Cinnamomum zeylanicum) Curry leaf (Murraya koenigii) Indian bay leaf (Cinnamomum tamala) Long pepper (Piper longum) Mango ( ...
*  Udawattakele Forest Reserve
Canarium zeylanicum, Cinnamomum verum ("kurundu", cinnamon), Ficus virens, Filicium decipiens ("pihimbiya"), Aphananthe ... Mangifera zeylanica ("atamba"), Neoclitsea cassia ("dawul kurundu", wild cinnamon), Glycosmis pentaphylla (orangeberry, doda- ... cuspidata ("wal-munamal"), Goniothalamus gardneri, Haldina cordifolia, Hunteria zeylanica, Mallotus tetracoccus, Mesua ferrea ...
*  List of hemipterans of Sri Lanka
Baeoalitriozus obsoletus Pauropsylla depressa Trioza cinnamomi Trioza obsoleta Trioza vitiensis Leusaba rufitarsis Paruzelia ... euphorbiae Hemaspidoproctus senex Icerya aegyptiaca Icerya pilosa Icerya purchasi Labioproctus poleii Neogreenia zeylanica ... Coccus litzeae Coccus longulus Coccus ophiorrhizae Coccus viridis Cribrolecanium formicarum Ctenochiton cinnamomi Ctenochiton ... Paraonidia melleola Parlatoria aonidiformis Parlatoria atalantiae Parlatoria cingala Parlatoria cingali Parlatoria cinnamomi ...

(1/55) Inhibition of listeriolysin O and phosphatidylcholine-specific production in Listeria monocytogenes by subinhibitory concentrations of plant essential oils.

Successful infection by Listeria monocytogenes is dependent upon a range of bacterial extracellular proteins including a cytolysin termed listeriolysin O and phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C. Five plant essential oils--bay, clove, cinnamon, nutmeg and thyme--significantly reduced the production of listeriolysin O by L. monocytogenes. The greatest change was observed after culture with oil of thyme, which reduced haemolysis to 52.1 haemolytic units (HU)/ml compared with 99.8 HU/ml observed with the control. Oil of clove was the only oil that also significantly reduced phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase C activity. These changes were observed despite the oils causing no change to the final bacterial concentration or total extracellular protein concentration.  (+info)

(2/55) Effects of selected plant essential oils on the growth and development of mouse preimplantation embryos in vivo.

Plant essential oils (EOs) have been reported to have health benefit properties and their preventive and therapeutic use in animals is expected to increase in the future. We evaluated the influence of five essential oils obtained from plant species which are known to have positive antimicrobial, antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects--sage EO from Salvia officinalis L. (Lamiaceae), oregano EO from Origanum vulgare L. (Lamiaceae), thyme EO from Thymus vulgaris L. (Lamiaceae), clove EO from Syzygium aromaticum L. (Myrtaceae) and cinnamon EO from Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Lauraceae) on the growth and development of mouse preimplantation embryos in vivo. Essential oils were added to commercial diet at concentrations of 0.25% for sage EO, thyme EO, clove EO, cinnamon EO and 0.1% for oregano EO, and fed to ICR female mice for 2 weeks ad libitum. Females were then mated with males of the same strain. Embryos obtained on Day 4 of pregnancy at the blastocyst stage were stained by morphological triple staining (Hoechst, PI, Calcein-AM) and evaluated using fluorescent microscopy. The effects of essential oils were estimated by the viability of embryos, number of nuclei and distribution of embryos according to nucleus number. Cinnamon EO significantly decreased the number of nuclei and the distribution of embryos according to nucleus number was significantly altered. Sage EO negatively influenced the distribution of embryos according to nucleus number. Clove and oregano EOs induced a significantly increased rate of cell death. Only thyme EO had no detectable effects on embryo development. In conclusion, none of the essential oils had any positive effect on embryo development, but some of them reduced the number of cells and increased the incidence of cell death.  (+info)

(3/55) Cinnamon supplementation does not improve glycemic control in postmenopausal type 2 diabetes patients.

In vitro and in vivo animal studies have reported strong insulin-like or insulin-potentiating effects after cinnamon administration. Recently, a human intervention study showed that cinnamon supplementation (1 g/d) strongly reduced fasting blood glucose concentration (30%) and improved the blood lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of cinnamon supplementation on insulin sensitivity and/or glucose tolerance and blood lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, a total of 25 postmenopausal patients with type 2 diabetes (aged 62.9 +/- 1.5 y, BMI 30.4 +/- 0.9 kg/m2) participated in a 6-wk intervention during which they were supplemented with either cinnamon (Cinnamomum cassia, 1.5 g/d) or a placebo. Before and after 2 and 6 wk of supplementation, arterialized blood samples were obtained and oral glucose tolerance tests were performed. Blood lipid profiles and multiple indices of whole-body insulin sensitivity were determined. There were no time x treatment interactions for whole-body insulin sensitivity or oral glucose tolerance. The blood lipid profile of fasting subjects did not change after cinnamon supplementation. We conclude that cinnamon supplementation (1.5 g/d) does not improve whole-body insulin sensitivity or oral glucose tolerance and does not modulate blood lipid profile in postmenopausal patients with type 2 diabetes. More research on the proposed health benefits of cinnamon supplementation is warranted before health claims should be made.  (+info)

(4/55) Cinnamaldehyde inhibits phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and enzymatic browning of cut lettuce.

Stored cut lettuce gradually turns brown on the cut section after several days of storage, because cutting induces phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity, the biosynthesis of polyphenol is promoted, and the polyphenols are oxidized by polyphenol oxidase. In this study, we screened for inhibitors of PAL derived from fermented broths of microbes and from foods and found that a cinnamon extract definitely inhibited PLA of cut lettuce. An active component was isolated by chromatographic procedures and was identified as trans-cinnamaldehyde. Browning of cut lettuce immersed in a solution containing trans-cinnamaldehyde was definitely repressed.  (+info)

(5/55) Efficacy of plant extracts against stored-products fungi.

The fungistatic activity of six aqueous extracts of plants were tested against Aspergillus candidus, Aspergillus niger, Penicillium sp. and Fusarium culmorum. The plants were, chamomile (Anthemis nobilis L.), cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum J. Presl.), French lavender (Lavandula stoechas L.), garlic (Allium sativum L.), malva (Malva sylvestris L.) and peppermint (Mentha piperita L.). The more concentrated extracts of chamomile and malva inhibited totally the growth of the tested fungi with malva the most effective one.  (+info)

(6/55) Effect of cinnamon on postprandial blood glucose, gastric emptying, and satiety in healthy subjects.

BACKGROUND: Previous studies of patients with type 2 diabetes showed that cinnamon lowers fasting serum glucose, triacylglycerol, and LDL- and total cholesterol concentrations. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the effect of cinnamon on the rate of gastric emptying, the postprandial blood glucose response, and satiety in healthy subjects. DESIGN: The gastric emptying rate (GER) was measured by using standardized real-time ultrasonography. Fourteen healthy subjects were assessed by using a crossover trial. The subjects were examined after an 8-h fast if they had normal fasting blood glucose concentrations. GER was calculated as the percentage change in the antral cross-sectional area 15-90 min after ingestion of 300 g rice pudding (GER1) or 300 g rice pudding and 6 g cinnamon (GER2). RESULTS: The median value of GER1 was 37%, and that of GER2 was 34.5%. The addition of cinnamon to the rice pudding significantly delayed gastric emptying and lowered the postprandial glucose response (P < 0.05 for both). The reduction in the postprandial blood glucose concentration was much more noticeable and pronounced than was the lowering of the GER. The effect of cinnamon on satiety was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: The intake of 6 g cinnamon with rice pudding reduces postprandial blood glucose and delays gastric emptying without affecting satiety. Inclusion of cinnamon in the diet lowers the postprandial glucose response, a change that is at least partially explained by a delayed GER.  (+info)

(7/55) Sodium benzoate, a food additive and a metabolite of cinnamon, modifies T cells at multiple steps and inhibits adoptive transfer of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis.

Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) is the animal model for multiple sclerosis. This study explores a novel use of sodium benzoate (NaB), a commonly used food additive and a Food and Drug Administration-approved nontoxic drug for urea cycle disorders, in treating the disease process of relapsing-remitting EAE in female SJL/J mice. NaB, administered through drinking water at physiologically tolerable doses, ameliorated clinical symptoms and disease progression of EAE in recipient mice and suppressed the generation of encephalitogenic T cells in donor mice. Histological studies reveal that NaB effectively inhibited infiltration of mononuclear cells and demyelination in the spinal cord of EAE mice. Consequently, NaB also suppressed the expression of proinflammatory molecules and normalized myelin gene expression in the CNS of EAE mice. Furthermore, we observed that NaB switched the differentiation of myelin basic protein-primed T cells from Th1 to Th2 mode, enriched regulatory T cell population, and down-regulated the expression of various contact molecules in T cells. Taken together, our results suggest that NaB modifies encephalitogenic T cells at multiple steps and that NaB may have therapeutic importance in multiple sclerosis.  (+info)

(8/55) Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 by essential oil from Cinnamomum zeylanicum.

Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a pathogen strain, which causes hemorrhagic colitis, hemolytic uremic syndrome and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura in humans. The control of bacterial cells in foods is an important factor to reduce foodborne diseases due to E. coli O157:H7. Assays to inactivate E. coli O157:H7 were carried out by using the cinnamon oil obtained by steam distillation for 6 hours. When E. coli O157:H7 cells were incubated at 37 degrees C for 2 hours in the presence of 0.025% of the essential oil from cinnamon, a dramatic decrease was observed in the viable counts (from 10(7) to 3.10(4) CFU/mL-1). In the presence of 0.05% of the oil, most of cells were killed after 30 min, suggesting that the antimicrobial activity of essential oil is bactericidal against E. coli. The minimal inhibitory concentration of the essential oil from cinnamon was around 625 ppm against E. coli O157:H7 and E. coli ATCC 25921, around 1250 ppm against E. coli ATCC25922 and around 2500 ppm against E. coli ATCC11105.  (+info)


  • Piper
  • Sitopaladi churna is an ayurvedic medicine containing sugar, Tabasheer, Piper longum, Elettaria cardamomum and Cinnamomum zeylanicum,[unreliable source? (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the plants include a variety of food and medicinal plants including Coffea arabica (coffee), Camellia sinensis (tea), Vanilla planifolia (vanilla), Saccharum officinarum (sugarcane), Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon), Oryza sativa (rice), Theobroma cacao (cacao), Siphonochilus aethiopicus (wild ginger), Warburghia salutaris (pepper bark tree) and Piper nigrum (pepper). (wikipedia.org)
  • Indian
  • Reptiles like marsh crocodile (Crocodylus palustris), Indian pond terrapin, starred tortoise (Geochelone elegans), common Indian monitor (Varanus bengalensis), Indian chameleon (Chamaeleo zeylanicus), skinks (Mabuya spp. (wikipedia.org)