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*  Mimulus Community - OpenWetWare
The Mimulus Community. Become a member today. The Genus Mimulus. The genus Mimulus (historically "Scrophulariaceae," order ... Check out the poster of the phylogeny of the Mimulus genus. * Read a recent review about Mimulus as an emerging model system ... The Mimulus Genome. The Joint Genome Institute (JGI/DOE) completed 7X coverage of the Mimulus genome in Spring 2007. An ... The Mimulus Genome can be accessed though the private intranet at Mimulus Evolution. This is currently a private site, but will ...
https://openwetware.org/wiki/?title=Mimulus_Community&oldid=233227
*  Erythranthe lewisii var. albiflorum - Gaïan EthnoBotany
There was no mention on the web, at that time, of a studied and investigated white form of Mimulus lewisii. Since then, I found ... a mention of 'Mimulus lewisii var. alba' in a publication of 1919 'Torreya: A Monthly Journal… ... I discovered different white populations of Mimulus lewisii at Crater Lake in Oregon. ... There was no mention on the web, at that time, of a studied and investigated white form of Mimulus lewisii. Since then, I found ...
https://gaianethnobotany.com/2017/06/29/erythranthe-lewisii-var-albiflorum/
*  Calflora: Mimulus cleistogamus
Mimulus cleistogamus, a dicot, is an annual herb that is native to California and is also found outside of California, but is ... NOTE: Mimulus cleistogamus is not an active name in the Calflora species table. ...
http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-taxon=Mimulus+cleistogamus
*  UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for MIMULUS guttatus
Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Mimulus guttatus Retrieve dichotomous key for Mimulus Overlay ... MIMULUS. MONKEYFLOWER. David M. Thompson. Annual to shrub, glabrous to hairy. Stem generally erect. Leaves opposite, generally ... Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ... Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.). Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet ...
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7386,7412
*  'Mimulus...
Mimulus x hybridus 'Magic Yellow Flame' F1 Hybrid, Mimulus x cultorum 'Major Bees', Mimulus guttatus Marginal Aquatic,.. ... Mimulus x hybridus 'Mystic Mixed' F1 Hybrid Mimulus are versatile bedding plants for full sun or part shade. The Mystic Mixed ... Mimulus x hybridus 'Magic Rainbow' These low growing, bushy mimulus plants produce masses of tubular blooms, looking much like ... Mimulus x cultorum 'Major Bees' Mimulus x cultorum 'Major Bees' has beautiful orchid shaped, yellow and red spotted flowers, it ...
https://search.thompson-morgan.com/seeds/Mimulus-Plants
*  Bach Flower Essences Mimulus 20 ml Liquid - Swanson Health Products
Trusted since 1969, we offer trusted quality and great value on Bach Flower Essences Mimulus 20 ml Liquid products. ... Shop the best Bach Flower Essences Mimulus 20 ml Liquid products at Swanson Health Products. ... Edward Bach stated Mimulus Mimulus guttatus brings courage and calm to face things that frighten or worry you and it also aids ... Mimulus is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1. Rated 5 out of 5 by Hollyms from Great product This is the first Bach remedy I purchased ...
https://www.swansonvitamins.com/bach-flower-essences-mimulus-20-ml-liquid
*  Mimulus androsaceus | Kitchen Garden Help.com
Image of Mimulus androsaceus - Rockjasmine Monkey-flower at Google. Mimulus androsaceus which is also known as Rockjasmine ... Mimulus androsaceus or Rockjasmine Monkey-flower is a species of monkey flower.. ... Mimulus androsaceus, Planting, Plants, Propagation, Seeds, Soil, Sun, Tip, Treatment, Tree, Water , Leave a comment ... Mimulus androsaceus, Moist, Monkey, Perennial, Petite, Plant, Plantation, Planting, Plants, Rockjasmine Monkey, Soil, Stem, ...
http://kitchengardenhelp.com/category/mimulus-androsaceus/
*  Difference between revisions of "David Lowry CV" - OpenWetWare
2008). Mimulus is an emerging model system for the integration of ecological and genomic studies. Heredity 100: 220-230. ... 2012) Mapping of ionomic traits in Mimulus guttatus reveals Mo and Cd QTLs that colocalize with MOT1 homologues. PLoS One 7: ... 2010) Is local adaptation in Mimulus guttatus caused by trade-offs at individual loci? Molecular Ecology. 19: 2739-2753 ... 2012) Five anthocyanin polymorphisms are associated with a R2R3-MYB cluster in Mimulus guttatus. American Journal of Botany 99: ...
https://openwetware.org/wiki/?title=David_Lowry_CV&diff=617158&oldid=614988
*  Mimulus moschatus
Last updated March 3, 2015. © 2015 Connecticut Botanical Society ...
http://www.ct-botanical-society.org/cbs/Plants/view/384
*  Plants Profile for Mimulus ringens (Allegheny monkeyflower)
click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Mimulus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ... The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Mimulus ringens . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MIRI
*  Mimulus
... This remedy is for THOSE WHO HAVE FEAR along with ROCK ROSE, CHERRY PLUM, ASPEN, and RED CHESTNUT. ...
http://www.bachfloweressences.co.uk/pages/Mimulus.html?setCurrencyId=4
*  Calflora: Mimulus filicifolius
The fern-leaved monkeyflower, Mimulus filicifolius ... is differentiated from close relatives of Mimulus L. (M. laciniatus Gray ... Mimulus filicifolius, a dicot, is an annual herb that is native to California. ...
http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-calrecnum=13341
*  Calflora: Mimulus microphyllus
Mimulus microphyllus, a dicot, is an annual herb that is native to California and is endemic (limited) to California. ...
http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-taxon=Mimulus+microphyllus
*  UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for MIMULUS mohavensis
Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Mimulus mohavensis Retrieve dichotomous key for Mimulus Overlay ... MIMULUS. MONKEYFLOWER. David M. Thompson. Annual to shrub, glabrous to hairy. Stem generally erect. Leaves opposite, generally ... Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ... Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.). Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet ...
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7386,7424
*  Monkeyflowers (Mimulus guttatus) (1 of 2) [image] | EurekAlert! Science News
Mimulus guttatus[/I]) are common wildflowers found in western North America. ... Monkeyflowers (Mimulus guttatus) (1 of 2) (image). National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent) ...
https://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/40383.php?from=203988
*  Jepson Herbarium: Jepson Flora Project: Jepson eFlora: Mimulus montioides
Mimulus montioides. © 2001 Steve Schoenig. Mimulus montioides. © 2012 Aaron Schusteff. More photos of Mimulus montioides in ... Mimulus montioides. © 2003 Christopher L. Christie. Mimulus montioides. © 2012 Aaron Schusteff. Mimulus montioides. © 2003 ... Next taxon: Mimulus moschatus. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this treatment: David M. Thompson 2012, Mimulus ... plants with purple corollas at lower elevation resemble Mimulus palmeri. Synonyms: Mimulus barbatus Greene; Mimulus discolor A. ...
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=33672
*  Jepson Herbarium: Jepson Flora Project: Jepson eFlora: Mimulus fremontii
Mimulus fremontii. © 2009 Keir Morse. Mimulus fremontii. © 2001 Steve Schoenig. Mimulus fremontii var. vandenbergensis. © 2006 ... Previous taxon: Mimulus floribundus. Next taxon: Mimulus fremontii var. fremontii. Name Search ... Mimulus fremontii. © 2001 Steve Schoenig. Mimulus fremontii. © 2005 Christopher L. Christie. ... More photos of Mimulus fremontii in CalPhotos. Geographic subdivisions for Mimulus fremontii: Markers link to CCH specimen ...
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=33609
*  Jepson Herbarium: Jepson Flora Project: Jepson eFlora: Mimulus parryi
Mimulus parryi. © 2001 Steve Schoenig. Mimulus parryi. © 2016 Steve Matson. Mimulus parryi. © 2006 James M. Andre. Mimulus ... Next taxon: Mimulus pictus. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this treatment: David M. Thompson 2012, Mimulus parryi, ... Mimulus parryi. PARRY'S MONKEYFLOWER. Family: Phrymaceae. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Genus: Mimulus. View Description. ... More photos of Mimulus parryi in CalPhotos. Geographic subdivisions for Mimulus parryi: W&I (esp Inyo Mtns);. Markers link to ...
http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=33690
*  Mimulus luteus ( Yellow Monkey Flower ) | Backyard Gardener
A spreading perennial. Leaves are toothed. In late spring to summer, flowers bloom on upright stems, two per axil. Requires very moist soil. Suitable for
https://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/mimulus-luteus-yellow-monkey-flower/
*  Mimulus:Microsatellite recipes - OpenWetWare
Contact David Lowry (dbl2@duke.edu) or other members of the Mimulus Community for more inforamtion about these markers. ... Check out the Mimulus Biological Resource Center for map location of these microsatellies. ... Retrieved from "https://openwetware.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=Mimulus:Microsatellite_recipes&oldid=36241" ...
https://openwetware.org/wiki/?title=Mimulus:Microsatellite_recipes&oldid=36241
*  A Simple Genetic Incompatibility Causes Hybrid Male Sterility in Mimulus | Genetics
Kiang, Y. T., and J. L. Hamrick, 1978 Reproductive isolation in the Mimulus guttatus-M. nasutus complex. Am. Mid. Nat. 100: 269 ... Fishman, L., A. J. Kelly, E. Morgan and J. H. Willis, 2001 A genetic map in the Mimulus guttatus species complex reveals ... Kelly, A. J., and J. H. Willis, 1998 Polymorphic microsatellite loci in Mimulus guttatus and related species. Mol. Ecol. 7: 769 ... Vickery, Jr., R. K., 1978 Case studies in the evolution of species complexes in Mimulus. Evol. Biol. 11: 405-507. ...
http://www.genetics.org/content/172/4/2465.full
*  Platymantis mimulus Brown, Alcala, and Diesmos, 1997 | Amphibian Species of the World
Platymantis mimulus Brown, Alcala, and Diesmos, 1997 Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ceratobatrachidae > Subfamily: ... Ceratobatrachinae > Genus: Platymantis > Species: Platymantis mimulus Platymantis mimulus Brown, Alcala, and Diesmos, 1997, ... Platymantis (Lupacolus) mimulus - Brown, Siler, Richards, Diesmos, and Cannatella, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 174: 147. ...
http://research.amnh.org/vz/herpetology/amphibia/Amphibia/Anura/Ceratobatrachidae/Ceratobatrachinae/Platymantis/Platymantis-mimulus
*  Una especie nueva de Mimulus L. (Sección Simiolus, Phrymaceae) del noreste de Michoacán, México
PEREZ -CALIX, Emmanuel y ZAMUDIO, Sergio. A new species of Mimulus L. (Section Simiolus, Phrymaceae) from northeastern Michoacan, Mexico. Act. Bot. Mex [online]. 2011, n.97, pp.31-37. ISSN 2448-7589.. Mimulus minimus is described and illustrated as a new species based on plants collected in the northeastern mountains of Michoacan state, Mexico. It grows in wet sites in the Pinus-Quercus-Cupressus forest. The new species is included in the section Simiolus Greene (subgenus Synplacus Grant). Its similarities and differences with morphologically more closely related species such as Mimulus calciphilus Gentry, M. depressus Phil., M. glabratus Kunth, M. minutiflorus Vickery, M. wiensii Vickery and M. yecorensis Vickeri and M. guttatus DC. are discussed.. Palabras llave : Mimulus; Phrymaceae; Queréndaro river; subgénero Synplacus. ...
http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0187-71512011000400005&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  DEMOGRAPHY OF CENTRAL AND MARGINAL POPULATIONS OF MONKEYFLOWERS (MIMULUS CARDINALIS AND M. LEWISII) - Angert - 2006 - Ecology -...
Every species occupies a limited geographic area, but how spatiotemporal environmental variation affects individual and population fitness to create range limits is not well understood. Because range boundaries arise where, on average, populations are more likely to go extinct than to persist, range limits are an inherently population-level problem for which a demographic framework is useful. In this study, I compare demographic parameters and population dynamics between central and marginal populations of monkeyflowers, Mimulus cardinalis and M. lewisii, along an elevation gradient spanning both species' ranges. Central and marginal populations of both species differed in survival and fecundity. For M. lewisii, these components of fitness were higher in central than in marginal populations, but for M. cardinalis the converse was true. To assess spatiotemporal variation in population dynamics, I used transition matrix models to estimate asymptotic population growth rates (lambda) and found ...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1890/0012-9658

*  Mimulus
... aquatilis - (Queensland, Australia) Mimulus gracilis - (Australia) Mimulus madagascariensis - (Madagascar) Mimulus ... In the 2012 restructuring of Mimulus by Barker, et al., based largely upon DNA evidence, seven species were left in Mimulus, ... Mimulus Database - for genetics researchers Mimulus Genome Browser - for genetics researchers. ... The species remaining in Mimulus are: Mimulus alatus - Sharpwing Monkey-flower (eastern North America) ...
*  Culex mimulus
"Species Details : Culex mimulus Edwards, 1915". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 4 February 2017. "mimulus Edwards". Systematic ... Culex (Culex) mimulus is a species of mosquito belonging to the genus Culex. It is found in Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, ...
*  Mimulus evanescens
... of Mimulus evanescens Jepson Manual Status Page USDA Plants Profile for Mimulus evanescens CNPS Rare Plant Profile Mimulus ... Mimulus evanescens is a rare species of monkeyflower known by the common name disappearing monkeyflower. It is native to the ... Specimens of the plant had been catalogued as Mimulus breviflorus, but on further examination it was evident that they were a ... link) Beardsley, P. M.; Yen, Alan; Olmstead, R. G. (2003). "AFLP Phylogeny of Mimulus Section Erythranthe and the Evolution of ...
*  Mimulus laciniatus
... is an uncommon species of monkeyflower known by the common name Cutleaf monkeyflower. Mimulus laciniatus is ... Mimulus laciniatus is endemic to the High Sierra Nevada in California, where it most often grows in moist areas on granitic ... Sweigart, Andrea L.; John H. Willis (November 2003). "PATTERNS OF NUCLEOTIDE DIVERSITY IN TWO SPECIES OF MIMULUS ARE AFFECTED ... Fenster, Charles B.; Kermit Ritland (September 1994). "Evidence for Natural Selection on Mating System in Mimulus ( ...
*  Lycochoriolaus mimulus
... is a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae. It was described by Bates in 1885. Bezark, Larry G. A ...
*  Aethiopicodynerus mimulus
... is a species of wasp in the Vespidae family. It was described by Giordani Soika in 1989. ...
*  Mimulus inconspicuus
Jepson Manual Treatment - Mimulus inconspicuus USDA Plants Profile Mimulus inconspicuus - Photo gallery. ... Mimulus inconspicuus is an annual herb producing a thin but elongated and sometimes branching stem up to 30 centimeters long. ... Mimulus inconspicuus is an uncommon species of monkeyflower known by the common name smallflower monkeyflower. It is endemic to ...
*  Mimulus hymenophyllus
This Mimulus is considered to be a member of the Snake River Clade (with Mimulus ampliatus and M. patulus) of the Mimulus ... Mimulus hymenophyllus. The Nature Conservancy. Whittall, J. B., et al. (2006). The Mimulus moschatus Alliance (Phrymaceae): ... Mimulus hymenophyllus is a species of flowering plant in the lopseed family known by the common names thinsepal monkeyflower ...
*  Mimulus latidens
Jepson Manual Treatment of Mimulus latidens USDA Plants Profile Mimulus latidens- UC Photos gallery. ... Mimulus latidens is a species of monkeyflower known by the common name broadtooth monkeyflower. It is native to the valleys and ... Mimulus latidens is an annual herb producing a thin, branching stem reaching a maximum height near 27 centimeters. The leaves ...
*  Mimulus alatus
As a result, Mimulus and its derived genera have been placed into the subfamily Phrymoideae and the family Phrymaceae. Mimulus ... At first glance Mimulus alatus is often confused with Mimulus ringens, or the square-stemmed monkey-flower, because M. alatus ... "Mimulus alatus Ait". Missouri Plants. Retrieved 14 June 2012. "Mimulus alatas Aiton". United States Department of Agriculture. ... The sharpwing monkeyflower, Mimulus alatus, is an herbaceous eudicot perennial that has no floral scent. It is native to North ...
*  Mimulus nudatus
... is a member of the Mimulus guttatus species complex, a group of closely related wildflower species that vary ... Wu, C.A.; Lowry, D.B.; Cooley, A.M.; Wright, K.M.; Lee, Y.W.; Willis, J.H. (2008). "Mimulus is an emerging model system for the ... Mimulus nudatus, the bare monkeyflower, is a species of monkeyflower endemic to the serpentine soils of Colusa, Lake and Napa ... "Mimulus nudatus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 11 July 2015. Barker, W.R.; Nesom, G. ...
*  Mimulus ringens
... is a species of monkeyflower known by the common names Allegheny monkeyflower and square-stemmed monkeyflower. ...
*  Erythranthe cardinalis
Jepson eFlora Treatment of Mimulus cardinalis Mimulus cardinalis - UC Photos gallery. ... "Mimulus cardinalis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 28 January 2016. Barker, W.R.; ... It was formerly known as Mimulus cardinalis. It is a fairly large, spreading, attractive plant which bears strongly reflexed, ... Together with other species in Mimulus section Erythranthe, it serves as a model system for studying pollinator-based ...
*  Platymantis mimula
"Platymantis mimulus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2004: e.T58469A11784086. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS. ...
*  Erythranthe peregrina
It was discovered in 2011, first reported in 2012, and named Mimulus peregrinus. Around the same time, the genus Mimulus was ... "Mimulus peregrinus". International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 22 February 2017. DeWeerdt, Sarah (19 May 2015). "The Monkey- ... Beardsley, P. M.; Yen, Alan; Olmstead, R. G. (2003). "AFLP Phylogeny of Mimulus Section Erythranthe and the Evolution of ... Nesom, Guy L. (2013). "The Taxonomic Status of Mimulus sookensis (Phrymaceae) and Comments on Related Aspects of Biology in ...
*  Erythranthe
Mimulus sect. Diplacus was segregated from Mimulus as a separate genus at the same time. Mimulus remains as a small genus of ... In the 2012 restructuring of Mimulus by Barker et al., based largely upon DNA evidence, seven species were left in Mimulus as ... Daughtrey, Margery (2000). "Diseases of Mimulus, Monkey-Flower (Mimulus × hybridus hort. ex Siebert & Voss)". American ... "Speciation and Introgression between Mimulus nasutus and Mimulus guttatus". PLOS. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004410. Dole, ...
*  Alexandria false antechinus
The P. mimulus is endemic to Australia. More specifically they are restricted to Sir Edward Pellew Group (Northern Territory), ... It is believed that the P. mimulus stile resides within that area, but is yet to be confirmed. In addition, the habitat in ... Its scientific name means "little mimic of false-antechinus". The P. mimulus is classified as an endangered species. Its ... Scientific name: Pseudantechinus mimulus Common name: Alexandria false antechinus, Carpentaria pseudantechinus The Alexandria ...
*  Diplacus aurantiacus
Mimulus aurantiacus. The Jepson Manual. Beardsley, P. M.; Yen, Alan; Olmstead, R. G. (2003). "AFLP Phylogeny of Mimulus Section ... Nickel, E. Mimulus are exotic natives of California. San Francisco Chronicle August 8, 2013. Sticky Monkey Flower. Presidio of ... Mimulus aurantiacus. California Wildflowers. California Academy of Sciences. Han, K., & Lincoln, D. E. (1994). The evolution of ... It was formerly known as Mimulus aurantiacus. Diplacus aurantiacus grows up to 1.2 meters (4 feet) tall, has deep green, sticky ...
*  Walter Hood Fitch
Fitch's first lithograph of Mimulus roseus appeared in the Botanical Magazine in 1834, and he soon became its sole artist. In ... "Mimulus roseus. Rose-coloured Monkey-flower". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. VIII: Plate 3353. 1834. "Plants and Gardens ...
*  Erythranthe alsinoides
K. (2015). "Mimulus alsinoides". Wildflower Search. Retrieved 2015-02-07. "Mimulus alsinoides". PLANTS Database. United States ... It was formerly known as Mimulus alsinoides. It is native to western North America from British Columbia to the Klamath ... CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) "Mimulus alsinoides". Jepson eFlora: Taxon page. Jepson Herbarium; University of ... Beardsley, P. M.; Olmstead, R. G. (2002). "Redefining Phrymaceae: the placement of Mimulus, tribe Mimuleae, and Phryma". ...
*  Erythranthe cuprea
Goodwin, T. W.; Thomas, D. M. (January 1964). "The carotenoid pigments in the petals of Mimulus cupreus and Mimulus tigrinus". ... "Mimulus cupreus". Alpine Garden Society. Retrieved 12 February 2017. "Mimulus cupreus 'Whitecroft Scarlet'". Royal ... Cooley, Arielle M.; Willis, John H. (2009). "Genetic divergence causes parallel evolution of flower color in Chilean Mimulus". ... Cooley, Arielle M.; Modliszewski, Jennifer L.; Rommel, Megan L.; Willis, John H. (April 2011). "Gene Duplication in Mimulus ...
*  Erythranthe gemmipara
It was formerly known as Mimulus gemmiparus. This annual herb grows about 10 centimeters (3.9 inches) tall. Some of the leaves ... Beatty, B.L., W.F. Jennings, and R.C. Rawlinson (2003, November 21). Mimulus gemmiparus W.A. Weber (Rocky Mountain monkeyflower ... Mimulus gemmiparus. The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved 11-04-2011. Giblin, David (Editor) (2015). "Erythranthe guttata". WTU ... Beardsley, P. M.; Olmstead, R. G. (2002). "Redefining Phrymaceae: the placement of Mimulus, tribe Mimuleae, and Phryma". ...
*  Western dwarf squirrel
Thorington, R.W., Jr.; Hoffmann, R.S. (2005). "Family Sciuridae: Microsciurus mimulus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal ... The western dwarf squirrel (Microsciurus mimulus) is a small tree squirrel in the genus Microsciurus and tribe Sciurini found ... The table below lists the three recognized subspecies of Microsciurus mimulus, along with any synonyms associated with each ... subspecies: Koprowski, J.; Roth, L.; Samudio, R.; Reid, F. & Emmons, L. (2008). "Microsciurus mimulus". IUCN Red List of ...
*  Diplacus mephiticus
Jepson Mimulus nanus var. mephiticus' . accessed 3.30.2015 USDA Mimulus nanus var. mephiticus' . accessed 3.30.2015 Blackwell, ... Calflora Database: Mimulus nanus var. mephiticus (Skunky monkeyflower) Jepson eFlora (TJM2): Mimulus nanus var. mephiticus USDA ... It was formerly known as Mimulus mephiticus. It has been reclassified as Mimulus nanus (now Diplacus) var. mephiticus. The ... Mimulus nanus var. mephiticus is a diminutive summer annual growing to a height of 15 cm (usually much smaller, especially at ...
*  List of Australian plant species described by Robert Brown
Mimulus gracilis R.Br. Mimulus repens R.Br. Mirbelia dilatata R.Br. ex Dryand. Mitrasacme alsinoides R.Br. Mitrasacme ambigua R ...

(1/56) Inbreeding and the genetic variance in floral traits of Mimulus guttatus.

The additive genetic variance, V(A), is frequently used as a measure of evolutionary potential in natural plant populations. Many plants inbreed to some extent; a notable observation given that random mating is essential to the model that predicts evolutionary change from V(A). With inbreeding, V(A) is not the only relevant component of genetic variation. Several nonadditive components emerge from the combined effects of inbreeding and genetic dominance. An important empirical question is whether these components are quantitatively significant. We use maximum likelihood estimation to extract estimates for V(A) and the nonadditive 'inbreeding components' from an experimental study of the wildflower Mimulus guttatus. The inbreeding components contribute significantly to four of five floral traits, including several measures of flower size and stigma-anther separation. These results indicate that inbreeding will substantially alter the evolutionary response to natural selection on floral characters.  (+info)

(2/56) Deleterious mutations and the genetic variance of male fitness components in Mimulus guttatus.

Deleterious mutations are relevant to a broad range of questions in genetics and evolutionary biology. I present an application of the "biometric method" for estimating mutational parameters for male fitness characters of the yellow monkeyflower, Mimulus guttatus. The biometric method rests on two critical assumptions. The first is that experimental inbreeding changes genotype frequencies without changing allele frequencies; i.e., there is no genetic purging during the experiment. I satisfy this condition by employing a breeding design in which the parents are randomly extracted, fully homozygous inbred lines. The second is that all genetic variation is attributable to deleterious mutations maintained in mutation-selection balance. I explicitly test this hypothesis using likelihood ratios. Of the three deleterious mutation models tested, the first two are rejected for all characters. The failure of these models is due to an excess of additive genetic variation relative to the expectation under mutation-selection balance. The third model is not rejected for either of two log-transformed male fitness traits. However, this model imposes only "weak conditions" and is not sufficiently detailed to provide estimates for mutational parameters. The implication is that, if biometric methods are going to yield useful parameter estimates, they will need to consider mutational models more complicated than those typically employed in experimental studies.  (+info)

(3/56) Allele substitution at a flower colour locus produces a pollinator shift in monkeyflowers.

The role of major mutations in adaptive evolution has been debated for more than a century. The classical view is that adaptive mutations are nearly infinite in number with infinitesimally small phenotypic effect, but recent theory suggests otherwise. To provide empirical estimates of the magnitude of adaptive mutations in wild plants, we conducted field studies to determine the adaptive value of alternative alleles at a single locus, YELLOW UPPER (YUP). YUP controls the presence or absence of yellow carotenoid pigments in the petals of pink-flowered Mimulus lewisii, which is pollinated by bumblebees, and its red-flowered sister species M. cardinalis, which is pollinated by hummingbirds. We bred near-isogenic lines (NILs) in which the YUP allele from each species was substituted into the other. M. cardinalis NILs with the M. lewisii YUP allele had dark pink flowers and received 74-fold more bee visits than the wild type, whereas M. lewisii NILs with the M. cardinalis yup allele had yellow-orange flowers and received 68-fold more hummingbird visits than the wild type. These results indicate that an adaptive shift in pollinator preference may be initiated by a single major mutation.  (+info)

(4/56) The influence of floral display size on selfing rates in Mimulus ringens.

Pollinators often visit several flowers in sequence on plants with large floral displays. This foraging pattern is expected to influence the rate of self-fertilization in self-compatible taxa. To quantify the effects of daily floral display on pollinator movements and selfing, we experimentally manipulated flower number in four replicate (cloned) arrays of Mimulus ringens (Scrophulariaceae), each consisting of genets with unique combinations of homozygous marker genotypes. Four display classes (two, four, eight and 16 flowers) were present in each array. Pollinator visitation rate per flower and seed set per fruit were unaffected by display. However, flower number strongly influenced the frequency of within-plant pollinator movements, which increased from 13.8% of probes on two-flower displays to 77.6% of probes on 16-flower displays. The proportion of within-plant movements was significantly correlated with selfing (r = 0.993). The increase from 22.9% selfing on two-flower displays to 37.3% selfing on 16-flower displays reflects changes in the extent of geitonogamous self-pollination. We estimate that approximately half of all selfing on 16-flower displays resulted from geitonogamy. Selfing also varied dramatically among fruits within display classes. Nested ANOVA indicates that differences among flowers on two-flower ramets accounted for 45.4% of the variation in selfing, differences among genets accounted for 16.1% of the variation, and statistical and sampling error accounted for 38.5% of the variation. Differences among flowers within ramets may reflect the order of sequential floral probes on a display.  (+info)

(5/56) A novel meiotic drive locus almost completely distorts segregation in mimulus (monkeyflower) hybrids.

We report the discovery, mapping, and characterization of a meiotic drive locus (D) exhibiting nearly 100% nonrandom transmission in hybrids between two species of yellow monkeyflowers, outcrossing Mimulus guttatus and selfing M. nasutus. Only 1% of F(2) hybrids were M. nasutus homozygotes at the marker most tightly linked to D. We used a set of reciprocal backcrosses to distinguish among male-specific, female-specific, and zygote-specific sources of transmission ratio distortion. Transmission was severely distorted only when the heterozygous F(1) acted as the female parent in crosses to either parental species, ruling out pollen competition and zygote mortality as potential sources of drive. After four generations of backcrossing to M. nasutus, nearly isogenic lines were still >90% heterozygous at markers linked to D, suggesting that heterozygosity at the drive locus alone is sufficient for nonrandom transmission. A lack of dramatic female fitness costs in these lines rules out alternatives involving ovule or seed mortality and points to a truly meiotic mechanism of drive. The strength and direction of drive in this system is consistent with population genetic theory of selfish element evolution under different mating systems. These results are the first empirical demonstration of the strong female-specific drive predicted by new models of selfish centromere turnover.  (+info)

(6/56) Estimating heritabilities and genetic correlations with marker-based methods: an experimental test in Mimulus guttatus.

The calculation of heritabilities and genetic correlations, which are necessary for predicting evolutionary responses, requires knowledge about the relatedness between individuals. This information is often not directly available, especially not for natural populations, but can be inferred by using molecular markers such as allozymes. Several methods based on inferred relatedness from marker data have been developed to estimate heritabilities and genetic correlations in natural populations. Most methods use maximum-likelihood procedures to assign pairs or groups of individuals to predefined discrete relatedness classes (e.g., half sibs and unrelated individuals). The Ritland method, on the other hand, uses method of moments estimators to estimate pairwise relatedness among individuals as continuous values. We tested both the Ritland method and a maximum-likelihood method by applying them to a greenhouse population consisting of seed families of the herb Mimulus guttatus and comparing the results to the ones from a frequently used standard method based on half-sib families. Estimates of genetic correlations were far from accurate, especially when we used the Ritland method. However, this study shows that even with a few variable allozyme loci, it is possible to get qualitatively good indications about the presence of heritable genetic variation from marker-based methods, even though both methods underestimated it.  (+info)

(7/56) Transmission ratio distortion in intraspecific hybrids of Mimulus guttatus: implications for genomic divergence.

We constructed a genetic linkage map between two divergent populations of Mimulus guttatus. We genotyped an F(2) mapping population (N = 539) at 154 AFLP, microsatellite, and gene-based markers. A framework map was constructed consisting of 112 marker loci on 14 linkage groups with a total map length of 1518 cM Kosambi. Nearly half of all markers (48%) exhibited significant transmission ratio distortion (alpha = 0.05). By using a Bayesian multipoint mapping method and visual inspection of significantly distorted markers, we detected 12 transmission ratio distorting loci (TRDL) throughout the genome. The high degree of segregation distortion detected in this intraspecific map indicates substantial genomic divergence that perhaps suggests genomic incompatibilities between these two populations. We compare the pattern of transmission ratio distortion in this map to an interspecific map constructed between M. guttatus and M. nasutus. A similar level of segregation distortion is detected in both maps. Collinear regions between maps are compared to determine if there are shared genetic patterns of non-Mendelian segregation distortion within and among Mimulus species.  (+info)

(8/56) Epistasis in monkeyflowers.

Epistasis contributes significantly to intrapopulation variation in floral morphology, development time, and male fitness components of Mimulus guttatus. This is demonstrated with a replicated line-cross experiment involving slightly over 7000 plants. The line-cross methodology is based on estimates for means. It thus has greater power than the variance partitioning approaches historically used to estimate epistasis within populations. The replication of the breeding design across many pairs of randomly extracted, inbred lines is necessary given the diversity of multilocus genotypes residing within an outbred deme. Male fitness is shown to exhibit synergistic epistasis, an accelerating decline in fitness with inbreeding. Synergism is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for a mutational deterministic hypothesis for the evolutionary maintenance of sexual reproduction. Unlike male fitness measures, flower morphology and development time yield positive evidence of epistasis but not of synergism. The results for these traits suggest that epistatic effects are variable across genetic backgrounds or sets of interacting loci.  (+info)


  • genera
  • Multiple studies of chloroplast DNA and two regions of nuclear rDNA suggest that the genera Phryma, Berendtiella, Hemichaena, Leucocarpus, Microcarpeae, Peplidium, Glossostigma, and Elacholoma are all derived from within Mimulus and would need to be rearranged. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2012). "A Taxonomic Conspectus of Phyrmaceae: A Narrowed Circumscription for Mimulus, New and Resurrected Genera, and New Names and Combinations" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • Lowry
  • Contact David Lowry (dbl2@duke.edu) or other members of the Mimulus Community for more inforamtion about these markers. (openwetware.org)
  • annual
  • Mimulus inconspicuus is an annual herb producing a thin but elongated and sometimes branching stem up to 30 centimeters long. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mimulus latidens is an annual herb producing a thin, branching stem reaching a maximum height near 27 centimeters. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • The Alexandria false antechinus (Pseudantechinus mimulus), also known as the Carpentarian false antechinus or Carpentarian pseudantechinus, is a small carnivorous marsupial, found only in a number of small, isolated localities in northern Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common Name
  • Scientific name: Pseudantechinus mimulus Common name: Alexandria false antechinus, Carpentaria pseudantechinus The Alexandria false antechinus has had a long history of confusion with the fat-tailed false antechinus (P. macdonnellensis) ever since it was first described by Oldfield Thomas in 1906. (wikipedia.org)